Sudan’s FM begins European tour on Tuesday

November 19, 2018 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese Foreign Minister El-Dirdeiry Mohamed Ahmed on Tuesday would travel to France at the start of a tour that will also take him to Germany, United Kingdom and Belgium.
During his week-long visit to the four European nations, Ahmed would discuss with his counterparts ways to promote bilateral relations on the various fields as well as issues of common concern.
The Sudanese top diplomat is expected to brief his counterparts on the latest internal (…)


News

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Sudan,
Europe,
France,
FRONT_PAGE_SECONDARY

Sudan frees 84 Eritreans victims of human trafficking

November 18, 2018 (KASSALA) – A joint Sudanese force has freed 84 Eritrean victims of human trafficking in the eastern state of Kassala following fierce clashes with their captors, reported the official news agency SUNA on Sunday.
According to the agency, the joint security force cordoned off the Karay Dirair forest in the Rifi Arab locality upon receiving detailed information before storming the area and freeing the victims.
Director of the National Intelligence and Security Services (…)


News

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FRONT_PAGE_SECONDARY

Released SPLM-IO’s James Dak unable to travel

November 19, 2018 (JUBA) – The wife of the SPLM-IO leader’s spokesperson, James Gatdet Dak, said her husband is unable to travel outside South Sudan to see his family abroad and undergo medical checkup after his release from prison more than two weeks ago.
“First, I am very thankful to His Excellency President Salva Kiir for pardoning my husband and granting him his freedom, ” said Mary Nyahok Chuol, in a statement she extended to Sudan Tribune on Monday.
Mary who lives in exile in a (…)


News

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FRONT_PAGE_DISPLAY,
SPLM/A In Opposition,
South Sudan Peace Implementation

الجبهة الثورية تدعو فصيلي (الشعبية) لإتخاذ قرار شجاع بالوحدة

الخرطوم 19 نوفمبر 2018 ـ دعت الجبهة الثورية السودانية، الإثنين، قيادات الحركة الشعبية ـ شمال لإتخاذ قرار سريع وشجاع بإعادة توحيد الحركة المنقسمة منذ مارس 2017. وأكد المتحدث باسم الجبهة أسامة سعيد في بيان دعمهم لمبادرة رئيس دولة جنوب السودان سلفا كير لتوحيد فصيلي الحركة الشعبية ـ شمال، بقيادة كل من مالك عقار وعبد العزيز الحلو، واعتبرها “مقدمة ضرورية لتحقيق السلام في السودان”.
وأوضح البيان أن مبادرة كير قائمة على فرضية وقف الحرب وتحقيق السلام في المنطقتين ودارفور، مضيفا أن أي عملية سلمية في ظل إنقسام الحركة الشعبية تكون ناقصة وغير مكتملة باعتبارها أن الوحدة (…)


الأخبار

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مقال واجهة ثانوي,
النزاع في كردفان و النيل الأزرق

Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 46: 10 – 16 November 2018 Data as reported by 17:00; 16 November 2018

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, …

South Sudan: Situation Overview: Jonglei State, South Sudan (April-June 2018)

Source: REACH Initiative
Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan

Introduction

Ongoing conflict in Jonglei continued to negatively affect humanitarian needs in the second quarter of 2018. The onset of the peak lean season saw deteriorating food security condi…

عسكريون سابقون ينضمون لفصيل معارض بجنوب السودان

الخرطوم 19 نوفمبر 2018 ـ قالت الحركة الوطنية بجنوب السودان إن المئات من العسكريين السابقين انضموا لقواتها وتحركت بالفعل إلى معسكر قوات الحركة لتلقي التدريب في إطار تنفيذ اتفاق الترتيبات الأمنية.
وبحسب مسؤول الإعلام بالحركة استيفن لوال لـ “سودان تربيون” فإن أكثر من 364 من القوات النظامية السابقة انضمت إلى جيش الحركة التي يقودها كاستيلو قرنق.
وأفاد أن قطاع الحركة الوطنية ببحر الغزال أبلغ القيادة باستقبال قادة عسكريين سابقة من أجهزة الشرطة والجيش تصل إلى نحو 600 من الضباط وضباط الصف والفنيين كانوا في الخدمة قبل انفصال جنوب السودان عن السودان في يوليو 2011، (…)


الأخبار

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مقال واجهة ثانوي,
جنوب السودان ,
عسكري

الدرديري يستبق جولته الأوربية الثلاثاء بمشاورات مع سفراء غربيين بالخرطوم

الخرطوم 19 نوفمبر 2018- يبدأ وزير الخارجية السوداني الدرديري محمد أحمد الثلاثاء مباحثات في العاصمة الفرنسية باريس قبل أن ينتقل الى ثلاث عواصم أخرى في إطار جولة أوربية استبقها الاثنين بعقد مشاورات في الخرطوم مع دبلوماسيين غربيين.
وأفاد المتحدث باسم وزارة الخارجية بابكر الصديق في تصريح صحفي إن الوزير سيبدأ جولته بباريس وينهيها بلندن في السابع والعشرين من الشهر الجاري، كما يزور بروكسل وبرلين.
ويبحث الدرديري مع وزراء خارجية الدول التي تشملها الجولة سبل دفع العلاقات الثنائية مع السودان في مختلف المجالات وكذلك القضايا ذات الاهتمام المشترك.
وأضاف الصديق ” من (…)


الأخبار

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مقال واجهة ثانوي,
الخرطوم,
الدبلوماسية و العلاقات الدولية

Democratic Republic of the Congo: DRC 2018 Ebola outbreaks: Crisis update – 19 November 2018

Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda

Summary

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared their tenth outbreak of Ebola in 40 years on 1 August 2018. The outbreak is centred in northeastern North Kivu province. With the number of cases surpassing 300, it is now the country’s largest-ever Ebola outbreak.

Latest figures – information as of 18 November 2018; figures provided by DRC Ministry of Health

366 TOTAL CASES

319 CONFIRMED CASES

167 CONFIRMED DEATHS

Retrospective investigations point to a possible start of the outbreak back in May – around the same time as the Equateur outbreak earlier in the year. There is no connection or link between the two outbreaks.

The delay in the alert and subsequent response can be attributed to several factors, including a breakdown of the surveillance system due to the security context (there are limitations on movement, and access is difficult) and a strike by the health workers of the area which began in May, due to non-payment of salaries.

A person died at home after presenting symptoms of haemorrhagic fever. Family members of that person developed the same symptoms and also died. A joint Ministry of Health/World Health Organization (WHO) investigation on site found six more suspect cases, of which four tested positive. This result led to the declaration of the outbreak.

The national laboratory (INRB) confirmed on 7 August that the current outbreak is of the Zaire Ebola virus, the most deadly strain and the same one that affected West Africa during the 2014-2016 outbreak. Zaire Ebola was also the virus found in the outbreak in Equateur province, in western DRC earlier in 2018, although a different strain than is affecting the current outbreak.

Current situation

So far, 14 health zones in North Kivu and Ituri provinces have reported confirmed or probable cases of Ebola. They are:

ITURI
Mandima
Komanda
Tchomia

NORTH-KIVU
Mabalako
Beni
Oicha
Butembo
Kalunguta
Masareka
Musienene
Kyondo
Katwa
Vuhovi
Mutwanga

More than three months after the outbreak was declared, the epicentre has moved from the town of Mangina to the much bigger city of Beni, where the number of confirmed cases showed a clear increase in October.

The fact that many of the new cases are not linked to any previously known chains of transmissions is a concern, as it makes it more difficult to trace contacts and control the evolution of the outbreak. Moreover, the number of cases keeps increasing in the Ebola Treatment Centre (ETC) of Butembo, a city three times bigger than Beni in terms of inhabitants. Most patients however are ‘imported cases’, from health zones outside of the city.

Another reason for concern is the geographically scattered pattern of the outbreak. The epidemic is very close to the Ugandan border, increasing the risk of a spill over into that country. The government of Uganda has started a vaccination campaign targeting 3,000 front line workers as a preventive measure. The South Sudanese government announced the enhancement of its Ebola-related capacities, and some Rwanda Red Cross staff have attended a safe and dignified burial training.

Epidemiological teams are still working on identifying all active chains of transmission. This is not simple given that the local community in the affected areas is highly mobile and moves from village to village for work and family reasons, as well as to seek healthcare. Sick people have been known to visit more than one health centre before being identified as suspect cases and referred to an Ebola Treatment Centre.

Area

Mangina, a town of 40,000 people, is in Beni Territory, North Kivu province, northeastern DR Congo. Beni, the administrative centre of the territory, is about 30 kilometres away and is home to about 420,000 people. The area borders Uganda to the east; the North Kivu capital Goma, and the Rwandan border are further south. This area sees a lot of trade, but also traffic, including “illegal” crossings. Some communities live on both sides of the border meaning that it is quite common for people to cross the border to visit relatives or trade goods at the market on the other side. The region is densely populated, and the Ugandan border is a sensitive area and is crucial in terms of developments of the outbreak spreading in the region.

The territory is characterised by high levels of insecurity – it is considered an area of conflict, with over 100 armed groups estimated to be active in North Kivu. Kidnappings and carjacking are very common. It is an area of heavy ongoing military operations – the city of Beni is subject to military rule and military justice, and moving around some areas in the region is quite difficult and sometimes impossible. Attacks in Beni have left a number of people dead, and have forced Ebola outbreak response activities to temporarily stop for a number of days before resuming.

Since October, the epicentre of the outbreak has moved to Beni. Butembo, located 1.5 hours by car to the south of Beni, is a city of about 1 million people, which is also seeing new confirmed cases every week. The outbreak has spilled in to the neighbouring province of Ituri, but the majority of cases still occur in North Kivu.

EXISTING MSF PRESENCE IN THE AREA

MSF has had projects in North Kivu since 2006. Today, we have regular projects along the Goma-Beni axe as follows:

Lubero hospital: paediatric/nutrition care and treatment of sexual and gender-based violence.
Bambu-Kiribizi: Two teams support local emergency room and paediatric and malnutrition in-patient departments, plus care and treatment of sexual and gender-based violence.
Rutshuru hospital: MSF withdrew from the hospital at the end of 2017. However, in light of the volatile conditions in the region, we have returned to support emergency room, emergency surgery and paediatric nutrition programmes.
Goma: HIV programme supporting four medical centres (including access to antiretroviral treatment).

The response to the current outbreak

The DRC Ministry of Health (MoH) is leading the outbreak response, with support from WHO. The MoH team sent to coordinate the response in Beni was dispatched from Kinshasa and is the same team that coordinated the response in Equateur province. The WHO emergency pool was mobilised in the area upon the declaration of the outbreak.

MSF RESPONSE

At the Ministry of Health’s request, MSF is part of the national strategic group coordinating the intervention on several pillars of the response:

  • Caring for patients affected by the virus in ETCs (Mangina, Butembo, Tchomia), and people who are suspect cases (Beni, Bunia);
  • Communication and health promotion in communities;
  • Vaccination of frontline workers;
  • Infection prevention and control (IPC): protecting local health structures (and their workers) by helping with screening patients at the entrance, hand and foot disinfection, capacity for short-term isolation of suspect patients, and decontamination of the facilities where confirmed Ebola patients have transited;
  • Training staff;
  • Supporting surveillance activities.

In total, more than 100 MSF staff members are currently working in Ebola projects in North Kivu and Ituri. This excludes MoH personnel working in MSF structures, in order to keep a clear distinction between MSF and MoH in our public communication.

Our first task was to improve an isolation unit for suspect and confirmed cases in the Mangina health centre, the epicentre of the outbreak, where patients were isolated and cared for whilst a treatment centre was built. A treatment centre was subsequently opened on 14 August, with a capacity of 68 beds, but it has since been reduced to 24 beds as the volume of activity in Mangina has dwindled and the focus of the outbreak shifted to other areas.

Butembo, a town estimated to be home to one million people, has seen imported cases from Beni. We responded immediately, setting up an isolation centre in a local hospital, followed by a second Ebola Treatment Centre – jointly operated by MSF and the Ministry of Health – on 20 September. This ETC opened with a capacity of 32 beds (12 beds for confirmed and 20 for suspect cases), but an extension of the ETC has just been completed, and will allow the teams to increase the capacity of the structure to a total of 64 beds.

A third ETC was opened on 12 October following the appearance of confirmed cases in Tchomia, Ituri Province, on Lake Albert (on the Ugandan border). This treatment centre was handed over to the MoH on 5 November, following an extended period with no new cases being reported. We supported Ministry of Health personnel working in the centre by providing training, logistic support and technical expertise.

During the first week of November, we opened a new isolation centre on the premises of the General hospital in Bunia, Ituri. The centre has a hospitalisation capacity of 16 beds, as well as a screening point at the entrance (with more than 2,000 people screened each day), and a small isolation unit for suspect cases.

Another isolation centre was built by MSF in Beni and handed over to the Ministry of Health, who assigned it to another NGO, Alima – it is now a treatment centre. On 14 November, we opened a transit centre for suspect cases in Beni. The new transit centre is located approximately 200 metres from the existing ETC supported by Alima. Confirmed cases are transferred by ambulance from the transit centre to the ETC; those who turn out to be negative are referred to other health structures in the area, to facilitate their access to care for other health problems.

Our teams also built a seven-bed transit centre in Makeke (on the North Kivu-Ituri border), where suspect patients could be isolated and tested for the virus and transferred to Ebola Treatment Centres in Mangina or Beni. The centre has now been closed because the Ministry of Health and International Medical Corps opened an Ebola Treatment Centre in Makeke.

Infection prevention and control

In addition to patient care in ETCs, we are active in several pillars of the Ebola response. Health centres in Mangina and Beni that have seen positive cases are being decontaminated – we are also involved in these infection prevention and control activities.

Furthermore, our teams work in the Beni and Mangina surrounding areas as well as in Bunia, Ituri, visiting eight health centres and training staff on the proper triage of Ebola suspects, as well as setting up isolation areas in case of need and providing material for all these activities.

Rapid Response Team

One of the critical components of the Ebola response is the ability to react quickly to new alerts, being able to investigate them and decide on setting up new structures for the intervention. For this, MSF set up a Rapid Response Team composed of a doctor, a nurse, a water and sanitation expert, a health promoter, and an epidemiologist.

Further south in North Kivu, on 9 September we sent this rapid response team to Luotu, a village outside of Lubero, in response to alerts of a positive case. The team was not only involved in case investigation but also in building a small isolation unit in an existing structure to receive suspect cases.

The positive case had spent time in the health centre before dying at home, leaving many of the health centre staff, as well as family members, as high-risk contacts. Fortunately, no confirmed cases were registered and we withdrew our team on 27 September, leaving the structure to the Ministry of Health. The same team was deployed to Tchomia when the first confirmed case appeared there.

Treatment with developmental drugs

In our ETCs, MSF teams have been progressively increasing the level of supportive care (oral and IV hydration, treatment for malaria and other coinfections as well as treatment of the symptoms of Ebola) and have also been able to offer new potential therapeutic treatments to patients with confirmed Ebola infection under the MEURI protocol. A team of clinicians makes the choice on an ad-hoc basis between five potential drugs (Favipiravir, Remdesivir (GS5734), REGN3470-3471-3479, ZMapp, and mAb114). The treatments are given only with the informed consent of the patient (or a family member if they are too young or too sick to consent) and are provided in addition to the supportive care.

These five drugs have not passed clinical tests yet and we are unable to measure their efficacy – yet their utilization has been approved by the ethical committees of the Ministry of Health and MSF, because it is believed they may improve a patient’s chances to survive. While caution must be exercised, these treatments are an added resource to the response. Because of their untested status, their utilization is subject to a strict protocol which places particular emphasis on the informed consent of the patient. Discussions on the implementation of a proper clinical trial are ongoing.

Vaccination activities

We have vaccinated 480 frontline workers (health staff, religious leaders, burial workers, etc) from Makeke on the Ituri-North Kivu border up to Biakato, as the population from Mangina often moves in this direction. In October our teams also vaccinated 606 people, being either health workers or potential contacts of confirmed Ebola patients, in the city of Beni. In November, we have vaccinated 150 health workers in Butembo, with the plan to vaccinate 1,700 people.

Surveillance

The surveillance strategy is led by the MoH/WHO. One MSF epidemiologist in Beni and one in Butembo support surveillance activities.

Health promotion

Our health promotion teams in Beni work in support of the infection prevention and control teams and vaccination teams, as these activities require intensive communication with the community. The health promotion teams are also in contact with local leaders of several health zones, to exchange information about Ebola and the community. We also run health promotion activities around the ETCs in Butembo and Mangina, in Bunia (Ituri).

Emergency preparedness

Our teams in Uganda have also been mobilised to be ready in case the outbreak spills over from across the border. They have installed an isolation tent in Bwera, a small town directly over the border from Beni and Butembo. MSF’s non-emergency project in Hoima (Uganda) has also set up an isolation tent.

In South Sudan, we are supporting the government in preparations for a possible outbreak in the country.

All MSF projects in North Kivu and Ituri areas have been supplied with Ebola equipment, including personal protective equipment (PPE), and have put proper hygiene and infection control protocols in place to safeguard staff and patients from the risk of contamination, should the epidemic spread further.

We remain ready to support the authorities of these – and other – neighbouring countries in the implementation of their response to the Ebola outbreak in DRC.

رأي: بيئتنا تصرخ فهل من مستجيب؟

إن مشكلة البيئة أصبحت مشكلة تورق مضاجعة الدول النامية ، لأنها أكثر الدول تضرراً من أفعال الدول الصناعية الكبرى، عبر ترسانتها الصناعية التي تقضي على طبقات الاوزون، ويسبب أضراراً جمة لتلك الدول النامية من حيث ارتفاع معدلات الحرارة ، وقلة الأمطار على المد…

أهل المعارضة مرة أخرى

بقلم : محمد عتيق
المتأمل في الحالة السياسة السودانية يلاحظ ان تحركات ومواقف قوي المعارضة – في اغلبها – هي اما :
ردود افعال علي افعال الحكومة وحزبها الحاكم ، مثلاً الحكومة تعلن عن انتخابات فتهرول احزاب المعارضة بالتعليق قولاً – بالاتفاق والاختلاف ، جزئياً او كلياً ..
او انها تنهش في بعضها وتتحارب اكثر من حربها وعملها ضد النظام : فئة منها تعلن ان التفاوض بشروط واضحة ومحددة مع النظام هو من وسائل تفكيكه فتهيج عليها فئة اخري متهمة إياها انها تريد مصالحة النظام و (ترتيقه) ، معارض بارز وكبير أقام خارج البلاد اضطراراً وقرر العودة فيقوم بعض من صقور النظام بفتح (…)


عامود الرأي

جماعة معارضة في جنوب السودان مستاءة من التهديد بتسمية غير الموقعين بمعرقلي السلام

جوبا 19 نوفمبر 2018- قالت الحركة الديمقراطية الشعبية المعارضة في جنوب السودان، غير موقعة على اتفاقية السلام المنشطة، إنها تشعر بخيبة الأمل بعد تهديد الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بالتنمية (الإيقاد) بتسمية الجماعات الرافضة للاتفاقية “بمعرقلي السلام “، داعية في الوقت ذاته إلى فتح الاتفاقية من جديد لإعادة التفاوض.
وأصدر مجلس وزراء الإيقاد في 16 نوفمبر توجيها للمبعوث الخاص للهيئة إلى جنوب السودان إسماعيل ويس للتواصل مع المجموعات غير الموقعة للانضمام إلى اتفاق السلام وهدد بوصف المجموعات الرافضة للانضمام بمعرقلي السلام في الدولة الوليدة.
وقال بيان تحصلت عليه (…)


الأخبار

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المعارضة في جنوب السودان,
جنوب السودان

الأمم المتحدة تحدد معايير لنشر قوة الإيقاد في جنوب السودان

نيويورك 19 نوفمبر 2018- حددت إدارة الأمم المتحدة لحفظ السلام ثلاثة معايير لإدماج القوات التي تخطط نشرها الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بالتنمية (الإيقاد) في جنوب السودان في إطار بعثة الأمم المتحدة لحفظ السلام في البلاد (يونميس) ودعت كتلة شرق إفريقيا إلى مناقشة الأمر معها.
وأثيرت القضية خلال جلسة إحاطة بشأن زيارة مشتركة مع الاتحاد الأفريقي إلى جنوب السودان في 7-9 أكتوبر من قبل وكيل الأمين العام لعمليات حفظ السلام جان بيير لاكروا إلى مجلس الأمن الدولي الجمعة.
وقال لاكروا إن الأمم المتحدة مستعدة لدعم عملية السلام في جنوب السودان، مضيفًا أن هذا الدعم (…)


الأخبار

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مقال واجهة ثانوي,
جنوب السودان

تعثر التوافق حول قانون الانتخابات في البرلمان السوداني للمرة الثالثة

الخرطوم 19 نوفمبر 2018 ـ للمرة الثالثة تعثر التوافق بين كتل النيابية والمؤتمر الوطني ـ الحزب صاحب الأغلبية البرلمانية ـ حول مشروع قانون الانتخابات للعام 2018.
واتسم اجتماع بين الكتل البرلمانية يوم الإثنين باتساع شقة الخلاف حول النقاط العالقة المتمثلة في تصويت المغتربين وعدد أيام الإقتراع.
وكان المأمول تجاوز هذه النقاط حتى يتم الدفع بمشروع القانون إلى منضدة البرلمان في مرحلة العرض الثالث والأخير تمهيدا لإجازة القانون الذي ستعتمد عليه انتخابات مقرر تنظيمها في أبريل 2020.
وبحسب مصدر موثوق تحدث لـ “سودان تربيون” فإن الكتل النيابية في مواجهة كتلة المؤتمر (…)


الأخبار

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الخبر الرئيسي,
الانتخابات,
تشريعات