CONTEXT AND METHODOLOGY
Yambio town is located in Yambio County, Upper Nile State, near South Sudan’s border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Yambio town was the centre of significant armed clashes and widespread displacement in 2016, and hosts a large population of internally displaced persons (IDPs) many of whom have started to return home as of early 2018.
This factsheet provides results from the REACH road monitoring exercise in Yambio town, Yambio County. REACH monitors four bus/car parks in Yambio town to record the arrivals and departures of South Sudanese returnee and IDP households (HHs) on a daily basis. Daily data is synthesized into a monthly factsheet to provide an overview of wider movement trends, including push/pull factors and intentions.
The following findings are based on primary data collected between 5 and 29 April 2018, during which 374 departing HHs (1227 individuals) and 112 arriving HHs (432 individuals) were recorded, along with 37 HHs (161 individuals) that were transiting through Yambio town.1 Enumerators interviewed respondents who were arriving in and departing from any of Yambio town’s four (Tambura, Nzara, Maridi, and the DRC) bus/car parks. Respondents were selected based on pre-survey questions on motives of travel to ensure that only displaced people or returnees were interviewed. Not all entry points to Yambio town were covered systematically, and some arrivals and departures reportedly took place outside of data collection hours (9:00 a.m – 5:00 p.m). Moreover, departures are over-represented due to many arrivals getting off buses early due to the matatu system. As such, the data presented in this factsheet is not representative, rather indicative of movement trends for the assessed population.