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A Brief History of China – South Sudan Relations

August 24, 2019 

South Sudan NEWS PORTAL (JUBA) – China began to provide assistance for South Sudan in 1970s. Chinese agricultural experts have taught the people there to grow rice. Chinese medical aid teams had been sent to Juba, Wau and Malakal since 1971, offering medical treatment to the South Sudanese People. In 1985, China stopped sending medical teams due to the Sudanese civil war and resumed the aid in January 2012 after China and South Sudan signed a memorandum of understanding.

China has expressed its willingness to develop friendly exchanges and expand mutually beneficial cooperation with South Sudan.
China has expressed its willingness to develop friendly exchanges and expand mutually beneficial cooperation with South Sudan. Photo: Xinhua

The Chinese government has been actively involving in South Sudan’s economic and social construction, which include building hospitals and schools, digging wells, providing medical equipment, musical instruments, anti-malaria drugs and other emergency humanitarian supplies, as well as human resources training.

The bilateral economic and trade relations have been developing smoothly since South Sudan became an independent country. On Nov.22, 2011, the two sides signed bilateral trade, economic and technical agreements and established the bilateral joint economic and trade committee. As of August 2019, more than 75 Chinese-funded enterprises have registered in South Sudan, related mainly to petroleum, construction, road and bridge, communications, etc

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Sino-South Sudan Cultural and Educational Exchanges

China and South Sudan have maintained smooth cooperation in cultural and education fields. In November 2009, China trained five acrobats for South Sudan. China has begun to provide government scholarship for South Sudan students to study in China since 2008. As of October 2012, a total of 23 students have won the scholarship. In August 2019, 29 South Sudanese students awarded scholarships to study Engineering and Technology in China. Since 2009, the Chinese government has helped South Sudan to train human resources. So far, about 500 government officials and technical personnel have received training in China.

Economic Cooperation and Assistance

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Over the years, China has been genuine and sincere in helping South Sudan bring about national stability and development. In a press release by the Chinese Embassy in Juba, the Chinese Ambassodor to South Sudan Hua Ning explained that China has completed such projects as the Kiir Mayardit Women’s Hospital in Rumbek, Rebuilding and Expansion of Juba International Airport, Jubek Model Martyrs Secondary School, Juba China Friendship Secondary school, and Yapa Primary School, to name just a few.

Last year, China produced over one million copies of grade one textbook for South Sudan’s Primary School students, which have already been distributed to the pupils of South Sudan.

The Renovation and Expansion of the Juba Teaching Hospital is under construction and will be put into use later this year. The Wau Jur River Bridge project under China-aid will be launched shortly. Not long ago, under the framework of the Forum on China Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), the Chinese government announced that it will provide 300-Million-RMB (SSP 5,507,044,428) grant and 100-Million-RMB (SSP 1,835,681,476) emergency food aid to South Sudan to support the development of South Sudan’s economy and people’s livelihood.

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South Sudan pays high attention to China’s global position and role, and since its founding, the nation has promoted friendly relations with the Chinese government by deepening bilateral cooperation in various fields. China is the biggest importer of South Sudan’s oil, on which the country’s economy relies for more than 97 percent of its revenue.





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