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About South Sudan

South Sudan officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa that gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011. Its current capital, Juba, is also the largest city. Before the outbreak of a civil war in 2013, it was planned that the capital city would be moved to the more centrally located Ramciel in the future.

Where is South Sudan Located
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west.

South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal.

Map of South Sudan Showing all 28 States (2016)

 

South Sudan Map
By Aotearoa, based on the Establishment Order Number 36/2015 for the Creation of 28 States in the Decentralized Governance System in the Republic of South Sudan and map of South Sudan Countries published by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs of 16/07/2012 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46401411

South Sudan Country Profile

South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011 as the outcome of a 2005 agreement that ended Africa’s longest-running civil war.

Initially made up of the 10 southern-most states of Sudan, South Sudan is one of the most diverse countries in Africa with a total of 28 states as of January 2018. . It is home to over 60 different major ethnic groups, and the majority of its people follow traditional religions.

Independence did not bring conflict in South Sudan to an end. The 2013-2015 civil war displaced 2.2 million people and threatened the success of one of the world’s newest countries.

Fast Facts About South Sudan

Capital
and largest city
Juba
04°51′N 31°36′E
Official languages English
Recognised national languages
and around 60 other languages

 

Demonym South Sudanese
Government Federation
Salva Kiir Mayardit
James Wani Igga
Taban Deng Gai
Legislature National Legislature
Council of States
National Legislative Assembly
Establishment
1 January 1956
6 January 2005
9 July 2005
9 July 2011
13 July 2011
Area
• Total
619,745 km2(239,285 sq mi) (41st)
Population
• 2016 estimate
12,230,730
• 2008 census
8,260,490 (disputed)
• Density
13.33/km2 (34.5/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$20.038 billion
• Per capita
$1,525
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.618 billion
• Per capita
$275
Gini (2009) 45.5
medium
HDI (2015) Decrease 0.418
low · 181st
Currency South Sudanese pound(SSP)
Time zone East Africa Time(UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +211
ISO 3166 code SS
Internet TLD .ss
  1. Registered, but not yet operational.
 
Source : Wikipedia

 

Some Key Dates in South Sudan’s History:

1956 – Sudan becomes independent but southern states are unhappy with their lack of autonomy. Tensions boil over into fighting that lasts until 1972, when the south is promised a degree of self-government.

1983 – Fighting starts again after the Sudanese government cancels the autonomy arrangements.

2011 – South Sudan becomes an independent country, after over 20 years of guerrilla warfare, which claimed the lives of at least 1.5 million people and more than four million were displaced.

2012 – Disagreements with Sudan over the oil-rich region of Abyei erupt into fighting, known as the Heglig Crisis. A peace deal was reached in June 2012 that helped resume South Sudan’s oil exports and created a 10km demilitarized zone along the border.

2013 – Civil war breaks out after the president, Salva Kiir Mayardiit, sacks the cabinet and accuses Vice-President Riek Machar of planning a failed coup. Over 2.2 million people are displaced by the fighting and severe famine puts the lives of thousands at risk.

2015 – Warring sides sign a peace deal to end the civil war, but the conflict continues.

Source : BBC

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