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Posts published in “Bangladesh”

World: Education in Danger Monthly News Brief, April 2019

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Algeria, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, China, Colombia, Cuba, Gabon, Kenya, Libya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic,...

World: Logistics Cluster: Global Overview – April 2019

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Afghanistan: R2P Monitor, Issue 45 (15 May 2019)

Source: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Yemen

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:

"Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I). "

"The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II)."

"If a State is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action, in a timely and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter (Pillar III)."

World: Journée mondiale des réfugiés

Source: World Vision
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lebanon, Myanmar, Pakistan, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, World

En 2018, le monde comptait plus de 25,4 millions de réfugiés.

La journée mondiale des réfugiés du 20 juin a pour objectif de commémorer et de rendre hommage aux personnes qui ont dû tout fuir pour avoir le droit de vivre en sécurité. Vision du Monde tient à rappeler qu’il est de notre responsabilité mondiale de leur venir en aide et de les protéger. En 2018, selon le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), le nombre de réfugiés était estimé à 25,4 millions, dont la moitié avait moins de 18 ans.

Qu’est-ce qu’un réfugié ?

Selon le rapport annuel de l'Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, les guerres, les violences et la persécution ont propulsé les déplacements forcés dans le monde vers un nouveau record avec 68,5 millions de personnes déracinées en 2017, soit une toutes les deux secondes. Cela représente environ la population de la Thaïlande.

D’après l’Organisation internationale pour les migrants (OIM), le terme « réfugié » fait référence à toute personne qui, « craignant avec raison d'être persécutée du fait de sa race, de sa religion, de sa nationalité, de son appartenance à un certain groupe social ou de ses opinions politiques, se trouve hors du pays dont elle a la nationalité et qui ne peut ou, du fait de cette crainte, ne veut se réclamer de la protection de ce pays ; ou qui, si elle n'a pas de nationalité et se trouve hors du pays dans lequel elle avait sa résidence habituelle à la suite de tels événements, ne peut ou, en raison de ladite crainte, ne veut y retourner. »

La situation des réfugiés dans le monde en chiffres

En 2018, on comptait 68,5 millions de personnes déracinées à travers le monde et 40 millions de déplacés internes. Le nombre de réfugiés a quant à lui augmenté de 2,9 millions par rapport à 2016 s’élevant désormais à 25,4 millions.

Près de la moitié des réfugiés à travers le monde sont originaires de trois pays :

  • 6,3 millions sont syriens

  • 2,6 millions sont afghans

  • 2,4 millions sont sud-soudanais

Selon le HCR, parmi les principaux pays d’accueil, on compte la Turquie avec 3,5 millions de réfugiés (64% sont syriens), l’Ouganda avec 1,4 million (35% sont sud-soudanais), le Pakistan avec 1,4 million et le Liban avec 1 million (16% sont syriens).

Zoom sur les réfugiés sud-soudanais

Le Soudan du Sud est le plus jeune pays du monde, après avoir fait sécession de la République du Soudan le 9 juillet 2011. Mais depuis décembre 2013, ce petit pays de 13 millions d’habitants est plongé dans l’une des pires guerres civiles opposant le président Salva Kiir et le vice-président Riek Machar. Il s’agit d’un conflit ethnique des plus violents.

Un tiers des Sud-Soudanais ont quitté le pays. Si l’Ouganda accueille un million de Sud-Soudanais, les réfugiés du Soudan du Sud ont également trouvé refuge en Éthiopie, au Kenya, en République démocratique du Congo et en République centrafricaine.

86% sont des femmes et des enfants. Ils ont marché pendant de longs jours, la peur et la faim au ventre. Les femmes ont quitté leurs maisons après l’attaque des soldats de l’armée régulière ou des milices qui nettoient les villages. Souvent dépouillées et violées sur le chemin, ces femmes arrivent brisées à la frontière ougandaise. Elles sont accueillies par le Haut-Commissariat aux Réfugiés qui les prend en charge. Le viol est devenu une arme de guerre au Soudan du Sud.

Le camp d’accueil de Bidi-Bidi a été ouvert en urgence en Ouganda en août 2016, après la reprise de la guerre civile qui a éclaté en 2013 au Sud-Soudan. Les Sud-Soudanais fuient l’épuration ethnique et la famine. En quelques mois, le camp de Bidi-Bidi est devenu le plus grand camp du monde. Il détiendra ce triste record jusqu’en 2018, et l’ouverture des camps au Bangladesh où se sont réfugiés 800 000 Rohingyas chassés de Birmanie.

Zoom sur les réfugiés Rohingyas

Depuis le 25 août 2017, plus de 720 000 migrants rohingyas fuient vers le Bangladesh pour échapper aux violences et aux diverses persécutions dont ils sont victimes. En 2017, la condition des Rohingyas s’est considérablement détériorée.

Une campagne de répression disproportionnée a été lancée par l’armée birmane en réaction aux attaques des postes de police par des groupes armés rohingyas en août 2017. En 3 mois, plus de 620 000 Rohingyas ont dû fuir au Bangladesh pour échapper à cette répression violente qui vise à punir la totalité de cette minorité ethnique. Les Rohingyas sont donc poussés à la migration pour fuir les exécutions, la torture, le viol.

Selon l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, environ 12 000 personnes sont arrivées au Bangladesh au cours du premier semestre 2018. La grande majorité des réfugiés au Bangladesh sont des femmes et des enfants, dont plus de 40% ont moins de 12 ans.Dans son rapport publié le 27 août 2018, l’ONU affirme que les Rohingyas sont aujourd’hui une des minorités les plus persécutées au monde.

Partis pour ne pas mourir, les Rohingyas sont allés se réfugier dans la région de Cox’s Bazar, au Bangladesh. Kutupalong est aujourd’hui le camp de réfugiés le plus dense du monde avec 70 000 habitants au km², soit trois fois plus dense que Paris.

L’Ouganda et le Bangladesh accueillent 60% des réfugiés victimes de conflits.

Vision du Monde s’engage pour la protection des familles réfugiées

Les besoins de première nécessité des enfants vulnérables et de leurs familles n’ont jamais été aussi importants. Selon les Nations Unies, seulement 1% des réfugiés ont été replacés.

Alors que 44 400 personnes sont forcées chaque jour de fuir les conflits et la persécution, Vision du Monde s’engage, à travers le partenariat World Vision, dans la protection des enfants au cœur des crises d’urgence et de longue durée. L’accès à l’éducation est un axe primordial sur lequel travaille l’ONG et insiste pour qu’il soit maintenu en temps de crise pour que les enfants réfugiés ne soient pas une génération sacrifiée.

Le partenariat international permet à Vision du Monde d’apporter une aide directe aux réfugiés en travaillant avec des ONG partenaires et les différents gouvernements. Il s’agit alors d’apporter une assistance alimentaire, de mettre en place des espaces dédiés à la protection des enfants où ils peuvent jouer et apprendre... L’association fournit un soutien aux réfugiés en termes d’accès aux soins de santé, à une bonne nutrition, à l’eau potable et aux pratiques d’hygiène qui en découlent.

L’ONG humanitaire intervient au plus près des causes des conflits à travers des initiatives de construction de la paix auprès des enfants.

À travers le partenariat mondial World Vision, Vision du Monde est venue en aide à 2,2 millions de Syriens dont 1,1 million d’enfants en 2016 et 265 000 Rohingyas en 2018.

World: La France et le PAM luttent ensemble pour faire reculer la faim à travers le monde

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, France, Jordan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Senegal, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

PARIS – Grâce à la politique française d’aide au développement, et avec une contribution de près de 11 800 000 euros, le Programme Alimentaire Mondial poursuit son combat contre la faim et la malnutrition.

En 2018, 113 millions de personnes ont souffert d’insécurité alimentaire sévère. Une nouvelle fois, la France se mobilise. Cette contribution à destination de 18 pays va permettre au PAM de poursuivre son travail en apportant une aide alimentaire et nutritionnelle, des repas scolaires, ainsi qu’en renforçant la résilience et l’autonomie en reconstruisant les moyens de subsistance des femmes et des hommes. Beaucoup de ces pays sont touchés par de graves conflits, première cause de la faim dans le monde.

C’est notamment le cas en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) - l'un des pays les plus touchés par les conflits en Afrique – où 85 millions d'habitants sont confrontés à l'une des pires crises alimentaire et nutritionnelle au monde. Le PAM salue également la contribution anticipée de la France au Yémen, où les taux de malnutrition chez les femmes et les enfants sont parmi les plus élevés du monde : 3,2 millions de femmes et d'enfants nécessitent un traitement pour malnutrition aiguë.

Bon nombre des personnes que nous aidons fuient le conflit et ont été forcées d'abandonner leurs terres, leurs maisons et leurs emplois. La contribution française permettra ainsi au PAM de venir en aide aux réfugiés syriens au Liban et en Jordanie principalement, permettant notamment aux enfants d’obtenir un repas chaud grâce aux cantines scolaires. L’impact des investissements dans le cadre scolaire est indéniable, un tel dispositif est indispensable au développement des jeunes générations qui représentent le futur de ces pays. La contribution française permet au PAM de faire de l’éducation un levier pour la croissance et le développement des zones les plus fortement touchées, en ligne avec les politiques nationales. Les filles sont au cœur de cette politique, car elles sont souvent les premières à être retirée de l’école et à souffrir de l’insécurité alimentaire.

La France marque de nouveau son attachement à la collaboration inter-agences et finance plusieurs projets menés conjointement par le PAM et d’autres agences des Nations-Unies (FAO, UNICEF), notamment au Mali, qui porte principalement sur des activités de nutrition. En dépit des progrès considérables réalisés au cours des dernières décennies, la malnutrition demeure un problème immense et universel, qui touche tous les pays du monde et responsable de plus de problèmes de santé que toute autre cause.

Au total, l’engagement de la France permettra au PAM d’intervenir dans 18 pays : au Bangladesh, au Burkina Faso, au Burundi, en Corée du Nord, à Djibouti, en Éthiopie, en Jordanie, au Laos, au Liban, à Madagascar, au Mali, en Mauritanie, au Nigeria, en République démocratique du Congo, au Sénégal, au Soudan, au Tchad et dans les territoires palestiniens. A cette contribution s’ajoute l’aide anticipée pour répondre à l’urgence au Yémen ainsi qu’aux besoins du service aérien d’aide humanitaire des Nations unies (UNHAS) en République centrafricaine et en Mauritanie. UNHAS est parfois le seul moyen d’atteindre des zones reculées. C’est un outil indispensable pour toute la communauté humanitaire et nous remercions la France d’avoir contribué à maintenir ce service menacé par le manque de financement.

Grâce à cette contribution, le PAM peut continuer à œuvrer dans les zones de crises mais également à lutter contre les inégalités, priorité du G7 et commune au PAM et à la France.

# # #

Le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies - sauve des vies dans les situations d'urgence et change des vies pour des millions de personnes grâce au développement durable. Le PAM travaille dans plus de 80 pays à travers le monde, nourrissant les populations prises dans des conflits et des catastrophes, et instaurant les bases d'un avenir meilleur.

World: Logistics Cluster Global ConOps Map (April 2019)

Source: Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Vanuat...

World: Logistics Cluster: Global Overview – March 2019

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Libya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

World: FAO Early Warning Early Action report on food security and agriculture (April – June 2019)

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Overview

The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It provides a quarterly forward-looking analysis of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture, specifically highlighting:

• potential new emergencies resulting from imminent disaster threats

• new developments in countries already affected by protracted crises which are likely to cause a further deterioration of food insecurity

This report is part of FAO’s efforts to systematically link early warnings to anticipatory actions. By providing specific early action recommendations for each country, the report aims to prompt FAO and partners to proactively mitigate and/or prevent disasters before they start to adversely impact food security.

High risk

Countries are categorized as “high risk” when there is a high likelihood of a new emergency or a significant deterioration of the current situation with potentially severe effects on agriculture and food security.

On watch

Countries categorized as “on watch” instead have a comparatively more moderate likelihood and/or potential impact, requiring close monitoring.

This report represents a summary and a prioritization of analysis provided by FAO’s corporate and joint multi-agency information and early warning systems:

• Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS)

• Food Chain Crisis and Emergency Prevention System (FCC-EMPRES)

• Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) and Cadre Harmonisé

In addition to these, a number of other external sources are consulted. The list of sources is available on page vii.
Countries with ongoing emergency response efforts are not included in the report, unless there are signs of potential significant deterioration. An overview of countries worldwide with humanitarian response plans or emergency plans is provided on page vi.

More details on the risk ranking methodology and the early action recommendations are provided on page ii.

World: Global Nutrition Cluster Annual Report 2018: Achievements, Key Challenges and Ways Forward – January to December 2018

Source: UN Children's Fund, Nutrition Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Kenya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

In 2018, the GNC continued with the implementation of the 2017- 2018 work plan to achieve the three strategic priorities and two supporting objectives of the 2017-2020 GNC Strategy.

The first strategic priority concerns GNC support to coordination platforms to fulfill their role before, during and after a humanitarian response. In 2018 the GNC experienced a severe staff shortage to effectively support its 18 priority countries, due to a lack of funding for its Rapid Response Team (RRT). By March 2018, the GNC-CT lost all four RRT members that it had maintained for the last 6 years due to a funding shortage. Support to countries was therefore provided remotely or through field visits conducted by the GNC-CT, including the GNC Help Desk Officer. Despite the funding constraints, the GNC-CT managed to provide remote support to 24 country-level coordination platforms - including reviewing response plans and provid- ing guidance and operational support. In addition, three field missions were conducted to Bangladesh, Ethiopia and North Eastern Nigeria by the GNC Coordinator. The GNC also successfully organised global partner calls on Yemen, South Sudan, Niger, Ethiopia and DRC. These calls not only acted as good advocacy and fundraising opportunities, they also provided a platform for sharing the nutrition situation, progress with the response, challenges and key support needs from global partners to support coordination, information management and programme scale-up.

In July 2018, the GNC-CT had to reluctantly bid farewell to the GNC Help Desk Officer and Deputy GNC Coordinator who had to move on to take up other positions. Both colleagues had contributed greatly to the GNC in their roles for 3 years and 5 years respectively. In August 2018, the GNC recruited a GNC Help Desk Officer for technical support in nutrition in emergencies, a new position, one of the two Help Desk positions funded by the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA). The position was created to provide ongoing support and linkages between the clusters at country level and the burgeoning Global Technical Assistance Mechanism for Nutrition (GTAM). In October 2018, the GNC-CT welcomed a new Deputy GNC Coordinator, as well as a UNICEF-funded RRT Information Management Officer (IMO), to the team. Shortly after, in December 2018, the much- needed GNC Help Desk for coordination support also joined the GNC-CT. A recruitment process for one more UNICEF-funded RRT Nutrition Cluster Coordinator (NCC) is ongoing.

Additionally, at the end of 2018, UNICEF as a CLA signed Project Cooperation Agreements (PCAs) with the International Medical Corps (IMC) to host an RRT Nutrition Cluster Coordinator (NCC) and with World Vision International (WVI) to host an RRT IMO for six months. This was possible thanks to funding from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), a key UNICEF/CLA donor.

World: Opening Remarks by Henrietta Fore, UNICEF Executive Director, At opening of Sanitation and Water for All Sector Ministers’ Meeting San José, Costa Rica, April 4, 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lebanon, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Togo, World

First, my thanks to the Government of Costa Rica for hosting this event — and for this country’s ongoing commitment to sanitation and water for all.

On behalf of everyone at UNICEF — especially our dedicated WASH staff in over 100 countries around the world — we appreciate this opportunity to galvanize support for this important issue.

But we also have an opportunity — and an obligation — to discuss new approaches and set clear priorities.

Because despite our great progress, new UNICEF and WHO data shows that over two billion people still lack access to safely managed water services. That 4.4 billion lack safely managed sanitation. And 1.4 billion lack basic handwashing facilities at home.

The risks are huge.

Risks to children’s health, when over 700 children under the age of five die from diarrhoea caused by poor sanitation, hygiene and water every day.

Risks to maternal health, when millions of mothers who give birth in health facilities without basic water, sanitation and hygiene are at risk of infection and disease.

Risks to education, when girls are kept home because of a lack of separate toilets or hygiene facilities in schools.

Risks to growth, because parents can’t prepare healthy meals for their children without safe water — and children’s bodies can’t retain nutrients.

And risks to entire economies. According to the World Health Organization, poor sanitation results in an estimated global GDP loss of $260 billion annually, because of health costs and productivity losses.

We must do better.

UNICEF has set an ambitious goal. By 2021, we’re aiming for 60 million more people gaining access to safe drinking water. And 250 million fewer people practicing open defecation.

To help get there, more progress is urgently needed in three areas — WASH in health care facilities, WASH in conflict, and bringing more private sector expertise, products and financing into our work.

First — WASH in health care facilities.

According to a new report UNICEF and WHO released yesterday, one in four health care facilities lacks basic water services. Putting an estimated two billion people at increased risk of infection.

Consider the birth of a baby. Every birth should be supported by a safe pair of hands, washed with soap and water, using sterile equipment, in a clean environment.

Consider also the plight of mothers in the least-developed countries. Seventeen million of them give birth in health centres with inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene every year. Putting them at risk of maternal sepsis.

The report includes eight specific actions that governments can take to improve WASH services in these facilities. From establishing national plans and targets — to improving infrastructure — to working directly with communities to create demand.

The bottom line is this. Improving WASH services is a solvable problem with a high return on investment. And it represents one more step towards improving primary health care services for all people, no matter where they live.

The second priority is WASH in conflicts.

In Lebanon last year, local mayors told me that water is the number-one issue they face. Water systems are straining to meet communities’ needs with the influx of Syrian refugees. Just one example of many where existing water systems are strained by humanitarian crises.

In fact, one in four children in the world is living in a country affected by conflict or disaster. We know that children living in fragile and conflict-affected countries are twice as likely to lack basic sanitation — and four times as likely to lack basic drinking water.

And unsafe water can be as deadly as bullets or bombs. Children under 15 are almost three times more likely to die from diseases linked to unsafe water and sanitation — like diarrhoea or cholera — than from direct violence.

We’re also seeing access to water being used as a weapon of war. Direct and deliberate attacks on water systems are all too common in conflict. When the flow of clean water stops, children are forced to rely on unsafe sources.

A new UNICEF advisory published last month calls for an immediate end to attacks on water and sanitation infrastructure and personnel.

And it calls for investments in these countries’ WASH sectors that will serve not only immediate humanitarian needs — but the long-term development of sustainable water systems.

At UNICEF, we’re taking this long-term view across all of our emergency WASH programmes.

From building dams in Somalia to improve rainwater-harvesting and water security.

To providing emergency water and sanitation to almost 300,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.

To our work in South Sudan, training local women to install water taps, build new latrines with separate facilities for men and women, and ensure that these facilities are well-lit with street lamps.

Step by step, we’re not only improving WASH services in the midst of crisis — we’re building the lasting, resilient systems these communities need to support development in the decades ahead.

My third point is about working with the private sector across our water and sanitation programming.

This includes market development to meet consumer demand — and even potential employment for local populations.

In East Africa, UNICEF has partnered with the LIXIL Corporation and governments across the region to expand the availability of affordable, state-of-the-art toilet pans that use little water.

In Somalia, we’re working with the EU, local government, and businesses and investors to develop public-private partnerships focused on pipelines and reservoirs…drilling and testing boreholes…and supporting better water-system management and maintenance.

And in Bangladesh, Sanitation Market Systems — or “SanMarkS” — is bringing together public, private and development partners to reach more households with improved sanitation. Manufacturing firms are producing low-cost latrine parts and working with local companies to market and install them. So far, 95,000 latrines have been sold, and more than 500 local people are installing and marketing them.

As we move forward, let’s also be inspired by the impressive progress that so many countries and regions have made in recent years.

The progress of South Asia — which has seen the greatest increase in the use of toilets over than last decade than at any time in history.

The progress of Ethiopia, Nepal and Cambodia — all on track to eliminating open defecation by 2030. If not earlier.

The progress of Niger, Kenya, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Togo and Mozambique. All have national roadmaps to deliver total access to sanitation, in every community.

The work in Ghana to bring together the World Bank, the government of the Netherlands and Ghana’s Apex Bank to develop a microfinance mechanism to provide loans to communities to build low-cost toilets.

And the progress we see in the co-operative efforts among governments to learn from one another. As Nigeria has been working closely with India to learn from that country’s Swachh Bharat Mission for total sanitation. An important reminder that we all have much to learn from each other’s progress.

As these successes prove, there is no excuse for failing to act.

So let’s combine our ideas and efforts. Let’s learn from one another. Let’s hold each other accountable for our commitments. And let’s make the coming decade one of action, results and progress for this critical sector. Thank you.

Media Contacts

Najwa Mekki
UNICEF New York
Tel: +1 917 209 1804
Email: nmekki@unicef.org

World: Logistics Cluster – Annual Report 2018

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Ar...

World: Global Report on Food Crises 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme, UN Children's Fund, Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, Food Security Information Network, Food Security Cluster, SICA
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

WHY THIS REPORT?

For several years the number of people who cannot meet their daily food needs without humanitarian assistance has been rising, primarily driven by two factors: persistent instability in conflict-ridden regions and adverse climate events.

These growing needs have been reflected in the increasing level of international humanitarian assistance, which reached US$27.3 billion in 2017, up from US$18.4 billion in 2013. While critical to saving lives and alleviating human suffering, humanitarian assistance does not address the root causes of food crises.

In response, those coordinating emergency humanitarian assistance are working more seriously with those in development support and conflict prevention to find ways to reverse the current trend in escalating numbers of food-insecure people in need of urgent action.

This “new way of working,” aims to address the humanitarian-development (HD) nexus, which emerged from the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016, as well as the Agenda for Humanity’s call to “move from delivering aid to ending need,” which provided a framework for thinking about innovative approaches to address food crises more sustainably in line with Sustainable Development Goal 2.1.

These collaborative efforts to prevent and address food crises are reflected in the UN Security Council’s adoption of resolution 2417 in May 2018. It allows the Council to consider its full range of tools — including sanctions — to ensure that parties to conflict do not violate international humanitarian law (IHL) by, for example, starving civilians as a weapon of war, unlawfully denying humanitarian access to civilian populations in need and depriving people of their means to produce food.

This HD nexus is also reflected in the Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC), which seeks to combat food crises from humanitarian and development perspectives and tackle the root causes of these crises (see box). This Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) contributes to humanitarian development efforts by providing the global and national food security community and GNAFC members with timely, independent and consensus-based information on the severity, magnitude and drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in food crisis contexts. This information supports humanitarian and development actors to plan and fund evidence-based responses, while using the data to seek high-level political action for durable solutions to food crises.

World: Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) | DG ECHO Daily Map | 28/03/2019: DG ECHO support to the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Bangladesh, Belarus, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Montenegro, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, World, Zimbabwe

In 2018, DG ECHO provided EUR 3,83 million to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). When a National Red Cross or Red Crescent Society needs immediate financial support to respond to a disaster, it can request funds from the DREF.

In 2018 this DG ECHO support was used for 39 DREF operations which assisted more than 3 100 000 beneficiaries. The support contributes to saving lives, preventing and alleviating human suffering, and safeguarding the integrity and dignity of people affected by natural disasters and man-made crises.

World: L’eau sous le feu des bombes : Pour chaque enfant, de l’eau et des services d’assainissement dans les situations d’urgence complexes

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Les enfants pris dans des conflits prolongés sont trois fois plus susceptibles de mourir d’une maladie transmise par l’eau que de la violence

NEW YORK, le 22 mars 2019 – Les enfants de moins de 15 ans vivant dans des pays touchés par des conflits prolongés sont, en moyenne, près de trois fois plus susceptibles de mourir d’une maladie diarrhéique provoquée par un manque d’eau salubre, d’assainissement et d’hygiène que des effets directs de la violence, affirme l’UNICEF dans un nouveau rapport paru aujourd’hui.

Ce rapport, intitulé L’eau sous le feu des bombes, explore les taux de la mortalité dans 16 pays exposés à des conflits prolongés et révèle que dans la plupart d’entre eux, les enfants de moins de 5 ans ont 20 fois plus de risques de mourir d’une maladie diarrhéique liée à un manque d’eau salubre et d’assainissement que des effets directs de la violence.

« Le combat est perdu d’avance pour les enfants qui vivent dans des pays touchés par des conflits prolongés sachant que beaucoup n’ont pas accès à des sources d’eau salubre », indique Henrietta H. Fore, Directrice générale de l’UNICEF. « Le fait est que le manque d’eau salubre tue plus d’enfants que les balles. »

En l’absence de services d’approvisionnement en eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiène sûrs et efficaces, les enfants risquent d’être victimes de malnutrition et de contracter des maladies évitables, dont la diarrhée, la typhoïde, le choléra et la polio. La situation est encore plus compliquée pour les filles. Elles s’exposent aux violences sexuelles lorsqu’elles vont chercher de l’eau ou sortent utiliser les latrines. Elles voient leur dignité bafouée au moment de se laver ou de gérer leur hygiène menstruelle. Et elles manquent les cours pendant leurs règles si leur école n’est pas équipée d’installations adaptées en matière d’eau et d’assainissement.

Ces menaces sont amplifiées en période de conflit, lorsque les attaques, qu’elles soient portées délibérément ou non, détruisent les infrastructures, blessent le personnel et coupent l’alimentation électrique qui permet aux systèmes d’approvisionnement en eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiène de fonctionner. Les conflits armés restreignent en outre l’accès à du matériel et à des produits de consommation essentiels, tels que le carburant ou le chlore, qui s’épuisent ou sont rationnés, ou dont la livraison peut être détournée ou bloquée. Bien trop souvent, les services indispensables à la population sont volontairement coupés.

« Prendre intentionnellement l’eau et l’assainissement pour cible revient à prendre les enfants pour cible », déplore Henrietta Fore. « L’eau est un droit fondamental. Sans eau, il est impossible de survivre. »

Dans les pays touchés par des conflits, l’UNICEF s’efforce de fournir des services d’approvisionnement en eau potable et d’assainissement sûrs et adaptés. Pour cela, l’organisation modernise et répare les systèmes de distribution d’eau, achemine de l’eau par camion, installe des latrines et sensibilise la population aux bonnes pratiques en matière d’hygiène.

L’UNICEF exhorte les gouvernements et ses partenaires :

À cesser de prendre les infrastructures d’approvisionnement en eau et d’assainissement ainsi que leur personnel pour cible ; À associer les interventions humanitaires d’importance vitale au développement de systèmes d’eau et d’assainissement durables pour tous ; À renforcer les capacités des gouvernements et des organismes d’aide humanitaire à fournir de manière systématique des services d’excellente qualité en matière d’eau et d’assainissement dans les situations d’urgence.

Note aux rédactions :

Le rapport a examiné les taux de mortalité dans 16 pays touchés par un conflit prolongé, à savoir l’Afghanistan, le Burkina Faso, le Cameroun, l’Éthiopie, l’Iraq, la Libye, le Mali, le Myanmar, la République arabe syrienne, la République centrafricaine, la République démocratique du Congo, la Somalie, le Soudan, le Soudan du Sud, le Tchad et le Yémen. Dans tous ces pays, à l’exception de l’Iraq, de la Libye et de la République arabe syrienne, les enfants de moins de 15 ans sont plus susceptibles de mourir d’une maladie transmise par l’eau que des effets de la violence collective. Quant aux enfants de moins de 5 ans, ils ont près de 20 fois plus de risques de mourir d’une maladie diarrhéique liée à un manque d’EAH que des effets directs de la violence, sauf s’ils vivent en République arabe syrienne ou en Libye.

Cette analyse s’appuie sur les estimations du nombre de décès imputables à la « violence collective » et aux « maladies diarrhéiques associées à un manque d’EAH » publiées par l’OMS pour la période 2014-2016.

Contacts presse

Joe English
UNICEF New York
Tél: +1 917 893 0692
Adresse électronique: jenglish@unicef.org

World: Water under Fire: For every child, water and sanitation in complex emergencies

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: World, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Yemen

Children living in protracted conflicts are three times more likely to die from water-related diseases than from violence – UNICEF

NEW YORK, 22 March 2019 – Children under the age of 15 living in countries affected by protracted conflict are, on average, almost three times more likely to die from diarrhoeal diseases caused by a lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene than by direct violence, UNICEF said in a new report today.

Water Under Fire looks at mortality rates in 16 countries going through prolonged conflicts and finds that, in most of them, children under the age of five are more than 20 times more likely to die from diarrheal-related deaths linked to lack of access to safe water and sanitation than direct violence.

“The odds are already stacked against children living through prolonged conflicts – with many unable to reach a safe water source,” said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. “The reality is that there are more children who die from lack of access to safe water than by bullets."

Without safe and effective water, sanitation and hygiene services, children are at risk of malnutrition and preventable diseases including diarrhoea, typhoid, cholera and polio. Girls are particularly affected: They are vulnerable to sexual violence as they collect water or venture out to use latrines. They deal with affronts to their dignity as they bathe and manage menstrual hygiene. And they miss classes during menstruation if their schools have no suitable water and sanitation facilities.

These threats are exacerbated during conflict when deliberate and indiscriminate attacks destroy infrastructure, injure personnel and cut off the power that keeps water, sanitation and hygiene systems running. Armed conflict also limits access to essential repair equipment and consumables such as fuel or chlorine – which can be depleted, rationed, diverted or blocked from delivery. Far too often, essential services are deliberately denied.

“Deliberate attacks on water and sanitation are attacks on vulnerable children,” said Fore. “Water is a basic right. It is a necessity for life.”

UNICEF works in conflict countries to provide safe drinking water and adequate sanitation services through improving and repairing water systems, trucking water, setting up latrines and promoting awareness of hygiene practices.

UNICEF is calling on governments and partners to:

  • Stop attacks on water and sanitation infrastructure and personnel;

  • Link life-saving humanitarian responses to the development of sustainable water and sanitation systems for all;

  • Reinforce governments and aid agencies’ capacity to consistently provide high-quality water and sanitation services in emergencies.

Notes to Editors:

The report calculated mortality rates in 16 countries with protracted conflict: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen. In all these countries, with the exception of Libya, Iraq and Syria, children 15 and younger are more likely to die from water-related diseases than as a result of collective violence. Excluding Syria and Libya, children under the age of five are almost 20 times more likely to die from diarrheal-disease linked to unsafe WASH than due as a result of collective violence.

The estimates were derived from WHO mortality estimates for ‘collective violence’ and ‘diarrheal deaths attributable to unsafe WASH’ between 2014 – 2016.

Multimedia materials available here: https://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIF3HHUU0

About UNICEF
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. Across more than 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone. For more information about UNICEF and its work for children visit www.unicef.org.

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For more information, please contact:
Joe English, UNICEF New York, Tel: + 1 917-893-0692 jenglish@unicef.org

World: World Water Day – IOM Supports Access to Safe Drinking Water

Source: International Organization for Migration
Country: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, South Sudan, World
Clean water can save lives in emergency contexts and it is essential for sustaining recovery after crises. Access to safe drinking water is a human right...

World: Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) Annual Report (Jan – Dec 2018)

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Special Fund for Emergency and Rehabilitation Activities (SFERA) enables the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to take rapid and effective action in response to food and agricultural threats and emergencies.

The Fund has three components:

(i) a working capital component to advance funds once a resource partner's commitment is secured toward the immediate procurement of inputs to protect livelihoods, restart agricultural activities or contribute to an immediate response to a crisis;

(ii) a revolving fund component to support FAO’s involvement in needs assessment and programme development, early establishment and reinforcement of emergency country team capacities, Level 3 emergency1 preparedness and response activities; and (iii) a programme component, which pools resources in support of a programme framework for large-scale emergencies or strategically complements ongoing programmes through the Agricultural Inputs Response Capacity (AIRC) window, as well as early actions triggered by corporate early warnings.

From its inception through 31 December 2018, SFERA received USD 230.4 million, of which USD 102.5 million were allocated to large-scale programmes (e.g. sudden onset disasters, the Sahel, Horn of Africa, El Niño response, highly pathogenic avian influenza, locust outbreaks, Fall army worm and protracted crises); USD 51.2 million were disbursed under the AIRC window; USD 27.8 million were used to set up or reinforce country office emergency response capacities and support needs assessments and programme formulation; USD 9.2 million were allocated to the Level 3 emergencies preparedness and response window; and USD 5.2 million were contributed to the early action window.

Since SFERA’s inception, USD 390.9 million have been advanced to fund immediate emergency projects, of which USD 36.1 million were advanced over the reporting period. Outstanding advances as at 31 December 2018 amounted to USD 7.6 million, while SFERA’s cash balance as at 31 December 2018 was USD 26.9 million.

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