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World: Humanitarian Funding Update December 2018 – United Nations Coordinated Appeals

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

At the end of December 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) required US$24.93 billion to assist 97.9 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The requirements remained unchanged as of the end of November 2018. The plans are funded at $14.58 billion which amounts to 58.5 per cent of financial requirements for 2018. Notably, the percentage of total funding contributed through humanitarian response plans carried out by the UN with partners in 2018 is estimated at 62.9%. This is higher than at any time in the last ten years except 2017 (66.2 per cent). The plans were funded at $14.58 billion which amounted to 58.5 per cent of financial requirements for 2018.

Global requirements finished the year $230 million higher than for December 2017, and the amount of funding reported against UN-coordinated appeals at the end of 2018 was $78 million higher than at this time last year.

To make information on vulnerable people’s needs, planned response, funding and funding gaps in humanitarian crises accessible to all in one place, on 4 December, OCHA announced the launch of a new web-based portal, Humanitarian Insight.

Pooled Funds

With $945 million received from 32 Member States, one crown dependency and the general public through the UN Foundation, 2018 became the fifth consecutive year of record-high contributions received for country-based pooled funds (CBPFs). The increased contributions to CBPFs are testament to donors’ trust in this funding mechanism as a tool for principled, transparent and inclusive humanitarian assistance. Globally, a total of $756 million was allocated during the calendar year to 1,334 projects implemented by 657 partners, with two-thirds of overall CBPF allocations disbursed to NGOs. Over 24 percent were directly allocated to local and national NGOs, amounting to some $183 million. Health, emergency shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene, food security, nutrition and protection were the largest funded sectors during 2018. In 2018, the Yemen Humanitarian Fund became the largest CBPF ever, allocating $188 million to 53 partners implementing 112 projects. The country-based funds in Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Turkey each allocated over $50 million.

Between 1 January and 31 December 2018, the Emergency Relief Coordinator approved the largest amount of funding from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) in a single year with a total of $500 million. This includes $320 million from the Rapid Response Window and $180 million from the Underfunded Emergencies Window, for life-saving activities in 49 countries. In December, a total of $12.8 million was released to assist Congolese returnees and people expelled from Angola, to meet needs outstanding since the October earthquake in Haiti, and to support people affected by flooding in Nigeria.

Specific appeal information

On 17 December, the Palestinian Authority and the Humanitarian Coordinator for the occupied Palestinian territory launched the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for $350 million to address critical humanitarian needs of 1.4 million Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. A full 77 per cent of the requested funds target Gaza where the humanitarian crisis has been aggravated by a massive rise in Palestinian casualties due to demonstrations. Israel’s prolonged blockade, the internal Palestinian political divide and recurrent escalations of hostilities necessitate urgent humanitarian assistance for people assessed as being most in need of protection, food, health care, shelter, water and sanitation in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

A three-month Operational Plan for Rapid Response to Internal Displacement issued on 31 December seeks $25.5 million to reach civilians displaced by inter-communal violence in Ethiopia. The plan focuses exclusively on addressing health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation and hygiene, non-food items, protection and agriculture issues related to recent violence-induced displacements around Kamashi and Assoss (Benishangul Gumuz region) and East and West Wollega (Oromia region). Nearly 250,000 people have been displaced in these regions since September 2018. The plan has been developed to bridge the period between now and the official launch of the 2019 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP). The needs and requirements for the Benishangul Gumuz-East/West Wollega response will be included in the HDRP.

On 13 December, Assistant-Secretary-General/Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (ASG/DERC) Ursula Mueller delivered a statement to the Security Council on the humanitarian situation in Ukraine, where more than 3,000 civilians have been killed and up to 9,000 injured since conflict began in 2014. The crisis affects over 30 per cent of elderly people in the country, the highest proportion of people in this category in the world. The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, which required $187 million, was only 32 per cent funded. Without adequate funds, food, healthcare, water and sanitation, and other life-saving assistance cannot be provided.

During a 14 December briefing the USG/ERC and the Special Envoy for Yemen urged the Security Council to act swiftly to ensure full implementation of the Stockholm Agreement to demilitarize ports in the country. The agreement requires mutual withdrawal of forces from Hodeida city and its ports and a governorate-wide ceasefire to allow desperately needed humanitarian assistance to flow. The USG/ERC encouraged all parties to continue to engage seriously in implementing the multiple agreements reached in Sweden. The Government of Yemen requires billions of dollars in external support for its 2019 budget, and in parallel this year’s humanitarian response plan for Yemen requests $4 billion, about half of it for emergency food assistance.

On 11 December at a meeting in New York on the gravity of the humanitarian situation in the Central African Republic, OCHA reiterated that response to this crisis is a priority for the organization and announced that in 2019 a high-level meeting will be arranged to address the impact of underfunding on the level of humanitarian response in the Central African Republic.

In 2019 twelve countries will have multi-year HRPs. These are Afghanistan, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Haiti, Niger, Nigeria, oPt, Somalia, Sudan and Ukraine.

Libya: Special Report No 32/2018: European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa: Flexible but lacking focus

Source: European Court of Auditors
Country: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

I. Since January 2013, the Financial Regulation governing the EU budget has allowed the European Commission to create and administer European Union trust funds for external actions. These are multi-donor trust funds for emergency, post-emergency or thematic actions.

II. The European Union Emergency trust fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa (the ‘EUTF for Africa’) is aimed at fostering stability and helping to better manage migration by addressing the root causes of destabilisation, forced displacement and irregular migration. It was agreed at the Valletta Summit on Migration in November 2015. It supports activities in 26 countries across three regions of Africa (referred to as ‘windows’): the Sahel and Lake Chad, the Horn of Africa and North of Africa.

III. We examined whether the EUTF for Africa is well-designed and well-implemented. We conclude that the EUTF for Africa is a flexible tool, but considering the unprecedented challenges that it faces, its design should have been more focused. Compared to traditional instruments, the EUTF for Africa was faster in launching projects. It has, overall, managed to speed up the signing of contracts and making advance payments. However, projects face similar challenges as traditional instruments that delay their implementation.

IV. We found that the objectives of the EUTF for Africa are broad. This has allowed flexibility in terms of adapting the support to suit different and changing situations, but is less useful when it comes to steering action across the three windows and for measuring impact. The Commission has not comprehensively analysed and quantified the needs to be addressed by the trust fund, nor the means at its disposal. We also found that the strategic guidance provided to the managers of the three windows has not been specific enough, and the pooling of resources and capacities of donors is not yet sufficiently effective.

V. Concerning the implementation, we found that the procedures for selecting projects varied between the windows and that the criteria for assessing project proposals were not sufficiently clear or documented. Furthermore, the comparative advantage of funding projects through the EUTF for Africa was not always well explained.

VI. While the EUTF for Africa has adopted a common monitoring system, it is not yet operational and the three windows use different systems for monitoring performance. We found that project objectives were often not SMART and indicators used for measuring project performance lacked baselines. The audited projects were at an early phase of implementation but had started to produce outputs.

VII. The EUTF for Africa has contributed to the effort of decreasing the number of irregular migrants passing from Africa to Europe, but this contribution cannot be measured precisely.

VIII. Based on our audit, we make a number of recommendations, which should be implemented as soon as possible, given that the EUTF for Africa is expected to end in 2020. The Commission should:
- improve the quality of the objectives of the EUTF for Africa,
- revise the selection procedure for projects,
- take measures to speed up implementation,
- improve the monitoring of the EUTF for Africa.

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma and Kalobeyei Population Statistics by Country of Origin, Sex and Age Group (as of 31 December 2018)

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Uni...

Kenya: Kenya: Kakuma Camp Population Statistics by Country of Origin, Sex and Age Group (as of 31 December 2018)

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Niger, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Repu...

World: Le monde a failli à son devoir de protection envers les enfants pris dans des conflits en 2018

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

NEW YORK, le 28 décembre 2018 – Des millions d’enfants vivant dans des pays touchés par des conflits armés voient leur avenir menacé tandis que les parties belligérantes continuent de bafouer leurs droits et que les dirigeants du monde échouent à leur demander des comptes, a déclaré l’UNICEF aujourd’hui.

« Les enfants qui vivent dans des zones touchées par des conflits à travers le monde ont continué à subir des violences d’une ampleur inouïe au cours des 12 derniers mois et le monde les a une fois de plus abandonnés », déplore Manuel Fontaine, Directeur des programmes d’urgence de l’UNICEF. « Depuis trop longtemps, les parties aux conflits commettent des atrocités dans une impunité presque totale, et la situation est loin de s’améliorer. Bien plus d’efforts peuvent et doivent être déployés pour protéger les enfants et leur venir en aide. »

En temps de guerre, les enfants sont directement pris pour cible, sont utilisés en tant que boucliers humains, sont tués, mutilés ou recrutés pour les combats. De la Syrie au Yémen, de la République démocratique du Congo au Nigéria, en passant par le Soudan du Sud et le Myanmar, les viols, les mariages forcés et les enlèvements sont devenus des armes de guerre à part entière.

Durant l’année 2018 :

  • En Afghanistan, la violence et les bains de sang continuent de faire partie du quotidien. Près de 5 000 enfants ont été tués ou mutilés au cours des trois premiers trimestres de l’année 2018, le même nombre de victimes que pour toute l’année 2017. Dans ce pays, les enfants représentent 87 % des victimes civiles des restes explosifs de guerre.

  • Au Cameroun, le conflit s’est aggravé dans les régions du nord-ouest et du sud-ouest, et les écoles, les élèves et leurs enseignants sont régulièrement pris pour cible. En novembre, plus de 80 personnes, dont de nombreux enfants, ont été enlevées dans une école située à Nkwen, dans le nord-ouest du pays, avant d’être relâchées quelques jours plus tard. À ce jour, 93 villages auraient été partiellement ou totalement incendiés en raison du conflit qui sévit dans ces régions, et de nombreux enfants ont été exposés à des actes d’une extrême violence.

  • En République centrafricaine, une recrudescence dramatique des combats a frappé la majeure partie du pays et deux enfants sur trois ont besoin d’une aide humanitaire.

  • En République démocratique du Congo, les violences interethniques et les affrontements entre les forces de sécurité et les groupes armés ou les milices dans la région du Grand Kasaï ainsi que dans les provinces de la Tanganyika, du Sud-Kivu, du Nord-Kivu et de l’Ituri, dans l’est du pays, ont eu des répercussions dévastatrices sur les enfants. Les violences et l’instabilité ont gravement sapé les efforts déployés pour enrayer l’épidémie du virus Ebola qui sévit actuellement dans l’est du pays. Par ailleurs, 4,2 millions d’enfants sont à risque de souffrir de malnutrition aiguë sévère, selon les estimations. La situation est d’autant plus grave que les enfants voient leurs droits bafoués, notamment avec les recrutements forcés par des groupes armés ou les violences sexuelles.

  • En Iraq, en dépit d’une nette accalmie des combats, quatre enfants ont été tués en novembre dans le nord du pays lorsque le camion qui les emmenait à l’école a été attaqué. Les familles et les enfants qui rentrent chez eux dans des régions qui ont été gravement éprouvées par les violences sont toujours exposés au danger des engins non explosés. Des milliers de familles restent déplacées et doivent actuellement faire face aux températures hivernales et aux inondations soudaines.

  • Dans le bassin du lac Tchad, le conflit en cours, les déplacements et les attaques ciblant les écoles, les enseignants et d’autres infrastructures éducatives menacent l’éducation de 3,5 millions d’enfants. Actuellement, dans la région qui englobe le nord-est du Nigéria, la région du lac Tchad, l’extrême nord du Cameroun et la région de Diffa au Niger, au moins 1 041 écoles sont fermées ou ne fonctionnent pas en raison de la violence, de la peur des attaques ou de l’instabilité, perturbant l’éducation de près de 445 000 enfants.

  • Une flambée récente de la violence dans la région frontalière entre le Mali, le Burkina Faso et le Niger a entraîné la fermeture de 1 478 écoles.

  • Au Myanmar, l’ONU continue de recevoir des informations indiquant que le droit des Rohingyas à rester dans l’État de Rakhine, dans le nord du pays, est toujours bafoué. Ces informations font notamment état de tueries, de disparitions et d’arrestations arbitraires. Le droit des Rohingyas à circuler librement est largement restreint et ils ne peuvent accéder aux services de santé et à l’éducation, y compris dans le centre de l’État de Rakhine. Il est impératif de garantir que les enfants ont accès à une éducation de qualité et à d’autres services essentiels pour éviter une « génération perdue » d’enfants rohingyas privés des compétences nécessaires pour contribuer au développement de leur société.

  • Dans le nord-est du Nigéria, des groupes armés, notamment des factions de Boko Haram, continuent de s’en prendre aux filles, qui sont violées, victimes de mariages forcés avec les combattants ou utilisées en tant que « bombes humaines ». En février, le groupe a enlevé 110 filles et un garçon dans un établissement d’enseignement technique à Dapchi, dans l’État de Yobe. La plupart des enfants ont été libérés depuis, mais cinq filles sont mortes et une autre est toujours retenue en esclavage.

  • En Palestine, plus de 50 enfants ont été tués et des centaines de plus blessés cette année, généralement lors de manifestations contre la détérioration des conditions de vie à Gaza. Les enfants de Palestine et d’**Israël** sont exposés à la peur, au traumatisme et aux blessures.

  • Au Soudan du Sud, 6,1 million de personnes souffrent d’une faim extrême à cause des conflits et de l’insécurité qui ont touché le pays tout au long de la saison annuelle de soudure. Même avec l’arrivée de la saison des pluies, plus de 43 % de la population continue de vivre dans l’insécurité alimentaire. Si la promesse d’un nouvel accord de paix offre une lueur d’espoir aux enfants, les rapports faisant état de violences extrêmes à l’encontre des femmes et des enfants continuent d’affluer, notamment à Bentiu, où plus de 150 femmes et filles auraient récemment été victimes de terribles agressions sexuelles.

  • En Somalie, plus de 1 800 enfants ont été recrutés par des parties au conflit durant les neuf premiers mois de l’année et 1 278 enfants ont été enlevés.

  • En Syrie, entre les mois de janvier et de septembre, l’ONU a confirmé l’assassinat de 870 enfants – c’est le nombre d’assassinats le plus élevé jamais enregistré en cette période de l’année depuis le début du conflit en 2011. Les attaques se sont poursuivies jusqu’à la fin de l’année, tuant 30 enfants dans le village d’Al Shafa, situé dans l’est du pays, en novembre.

  • Dans l’**est de l’Ukraine**, le confit qui fait rage depuis plus de quatre ans a eu des effets dévastateurs sur le système éducatif, détruisant et endommageant des centaines d’écoles et forçant 700 000 enfants à apprendre dans des environnements précaires, au milieu de la violence des combats et des dangers posés par les engins de guerre non explosés. La situation est particulièrement grave pour les 400 000 enfants qui vivent à moins de 20 km de la « ligne de contact », qui marque la séparation entre les régions contrôlées par le gouvernement et les autres. Les tirs d’artillerie et les niveaux extrêmement élevés de contamination par les mines constituent une menace mortelle pour les enfants qui vivent à proximité de cette ligne.

  • Et au Yémen, l’ONU a confirmé que 1 427 enfants avaient été tués ou mutilés dans des attaques, notamment dans une attaque « inadmissible » visant un bus scolaire à Saada. Les écoles et les hôpitaux sont fréquemment pris pour cible ou sont utilisés à des fins militaires, privant les enfants de leur droit à l’éducation et à des soins de santé. Cette situation alimente la situation de crise déjà présente dans ce pays où un enfant meurt d’une maladie évitable toutes les 10 minutes et où la malnutrition aiguë sévère touche 400 000 enfants.

« L’année 2019 marque le 30e anniversaire de la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant et le 70e anniversaire des Conventions de Genève. Pourtant, au cours des trois dernières décennies, il n’y a jamais eu autant de pays impliqués dans des conflits internes ou internationaux. Les enfants qui vivent dans des régions en conflit font partie de ceux qui ont le moins de chances de voir leurs droits respectés. Il faut arrêter de prendre les enfants pour cible », déclare Manuel Fontaine.

L’UNICEF appelle toutes les parties belligérantes à respecter leurs obligations en vertu du droit international et à cesser immédiatement de porter atteinte aux droits de l’enfant et de cibler des infrastructures civiles, notamment les établissements scolaires, les hôpitaux et les infrastructures d’approvisionnement en eau. L’UNICEF appelle également tous les États susceptibles de faire pression sur les parties au conflit à exercer cette influence pour protéger les enfants.

« Bien plus d’efforts doivent être déployés pour éviter les guerres et pour mettre un terme aux nombreux conflits armés qui détruisent la vie des enfants. Mais en attendant, nous ne pouvons en aucun cas accepter que les enfants soient pris pour cible. Nous devons confronter les parties belligérantes à leur obligation de protéger les enfants. Faute de quoi, les enfants, leur famille et leur communauté continueront de subir les conséquences dévastatrices de ces conflits, non seulement maintenant, mais tout au long des années à venir », ajoute-t-il.

L’UNICEF travaille avec ses partenaires dans tous ces pays afin de fournir des services de santé, de nutrition, d’éducation et de protection aux enfants les plus vulnérables. En octobre, par exemple, l’UNICEF a participé à la libération de 833 enfants recrutés par des forces armées dans le nord-est du Nigéria et travaille actuellement avec ces enfants afin de les aider à réintégrer leur communauté. Depuis le début du conflit au Soudan du Sud il y a cinq ans, l’UNICEF a permis à près de 6 000 enfants non accompagnés et séparés de retrouver leur famille. Au Bangladesh, en 2018, l’UNICEF est venu en aide à des milliers d’enfants rohingyas réfugiés en leur fournissant un soutien psychiatrique et psychosocial. En Iraq, l’UNICEF travaille avec ses partenaires pour fournir des services spécialisés aux femmes et aux enfants victimes de violences liées au genre.

Contacts presse

Joe English
UNICEF New York
Tél: +1 917 893 0692
Adresse électronique: jenglish@unicef.org

World: Commission Implementing Decision of 13.12.2018 amending Commission Implementing Decision C(2017) 8863 on the financing of humanitarian aid operational priorities from the 2018 general budget of the European Union – ECHO/WWD/BUD/2018/01000

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,

Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,

Having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union, amending Regulations (EU) No 1296/2013, (EU) No 1301/2013, (EU) No 1303/2013, (EU)
No 1304/2013, (EU) No 1309/2013, (EU) No 1316/2013, (EU) No 223/2014, (EU) No 283/2014, and Decision No 541/2014/EU and repealing Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/20123 , and in particular Article 110 thereof,

Whereas:

(1) Commission Decision C(2017) 88634 provides for the financing of humanitarian aid operational priorities from the 2018 general budget of the European Union for a total amount of EUR 842 200 000 from budget articles 23 02 01 and 23 02 02. In light of the evolution of the humanitarian needs during the year, this amount was raised to EUR 1 037 600 000 by Decision C(2018) 35745 of 07 June 2018 and subsequently to EUR 1 212 600 000 by Decision C(2018) 65326 of 9 October 2018 amending decision C(2017) 8863.

(2) The Commission is committed to providing a humanitarian response in those areas where humanitarian needs are greatest. Accordingly, when required by changing circumstances in the field which might affect existing humanitarian needs or generate new needs, the humanitarian response may be subject to reorientation or scaling-up in the course of implementation of actions. Union financial assistance may also have to be awarded to new actions to satisfy exacerbated or increased humanitarian needs.

(3) The global humanitarian context has been characterised by an increase in humanitarian needs in locations such as Central African Republic facing an internal conflict, Chad where the food security situation has drastically deteriorated, Cameroon facing an increasing influx of refugees, Niger facing a cholera outbreak, the Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Nigeria) with increased needs of vulnerable populations affected by accute food or nutrition insecurity or conflict, Burundi with a regional refugee crisis, Madagascar and Haiti with a deteriorating food and nutrition security situation, Columbia facing a resurgence of violence, Palestine where the deterioration of the humanitarian situation has a high impact on the health and food security sectors, Yemen where the crisis is deteriorating, in Ukraine where the situation remains critical. In Myanmar where the Rohingya are in very serious food insecuriy situation and the humanitarian needs in most of the sectors remain uncovered. In addition the country is facing a conflict-related internal displacement crisis because of the escalation of the confilct in Kachin and Chan. In the Philippines where the humanitarian needs are mainly caused by displacement and lack of services, and destroyed or looted assets in areas of return.

(4) Non-substantial changes under this Decision are to be calculated by reference to the maximum contribution, excluding the contributions received from other donors pursuant to Article 21(2)(a)(ii) and Article 21(2)(e) of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 2018/1046.

(5) It is therefore appropriate to amend Decision C(2017) 8863, as amended, to reflect the increase by EUR 176 174 635.17 already made on the basis of the fexibility clause in order to adapt the humanitarian response to the evolving humanitarian aid operational priorities and to distribute this additional funding to the specific objectives fixed in this Decision.

(6) This Decision complies with the conditions laid down in Article 110 of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 2018/1046.

(7) The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Humanitarian Aid Committee established by Article 17(1) of Council Regulation (EC)
No 1257/96,

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Sole Article

Decision C(2017) 8863 is amended as follows:

(1) Article 1 is amended as follows:

(a) Paragraphs (1) and (2) are replaced by the following: '1. A maximum contribution from the Union budget to the financing of humanitarian aid operational priorities is set at EUR 1 388 774 635.17, of which EUR 1 338 774 635.17 shall be financed from budget article 23 02 01 and EUR 50 000 000 shall be financed from budget article 23 02 02, of the 2018 general budget of the European Union, is approved.

The amount from budget article 23 02 01 referred to above includes a contribution amounting to EUR 36 174 635.17, received by the Union from the Department for International Development (DFID) of the United Kingdom Government, to be used in support humanitarian aid operations in the Sahel.

  1. The humanitarian actions shall be implemented in order to:

(a) Provide humanitarian and food assistance, relief and protection to vulnerable people affected by man-made crises, possibly aggravated by natural disasters, including new crises and existing crises where the scale and complexity of the humanitarian crisis is such that it seems likely to continue.
A total of EUR 1 185 300 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this specific objective.

(b) Provide humanitarian and food assistance, relief and protection to vulnerable people affected by natural disasters that have entailed major loss of life, physical and psychological or social suffering or material damage.
A total of EUR 111 474 635.17 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this specific objective.

(c) Provide humanitarian assistance for response and disaster preparedness to populations affected by disasters where a small scale response is adequate and to populations affected by epidemic outbreaks.
A total of EUR 21 000 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this specific objective.

(d) Support strategies and complement existing strategies that enable local communities and institutions to better prepare for, mitigate and respond adequately to natural disasters by enhancing their capacities to cope and respond, thereby increasing resilience and reducing vulnerability.
A total of EUR 50 000 000 from budget article 23 02 02 is allocated to this specific objective.

(e) Improve the delivery of aid through complementary and thematic activities aiming at increasing the effectiveness, efficiency, quality, timeliness and visibility of humanitarian actions and transport.
A total of EUR 21 000 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this specific objective.
This specific objective shall be met through achieving the following subspecific objectives:

(i) Strengthen the global humanitarian preparedness and response capacity of humanitarian partners by increasing the effectiveness and reinforcing the capacity of international humanitarian organisations and non-governmental organisations to assess, analyse, prepare and respond to humanitarian crises.
A total of EUR 3 500 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this subspecific objective.

(ii) Improve the conditions for delivering humanitarian aid by supporting transport services to ensure that aid is accessible to beneficiaries, including by means of medical evacuation of humanitarian staff where the unavailability of such transport services could adversely affect the timely and effective provision of assistance to beneficiaries. A total of EUR 14 800 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this sub-specific objective.

(iii) Increase awareness, understanding of and support for humanitarian issues, especially in the Union and in third countries where the Union is funding major humanitarian operations through public awareness and information campaigns. Communication actions in 2018 will also contribute, where appropriate, to the corporate communication of the Commission, in particular regarding the EU's role in the world (A stronger global actor) as well as to the corporate communication cluster "An EU that protects".

A total of EUR 2 000 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this subspecific objective.

(iv) Provide high quality European education and professional qualifications on humanitarian action that impact on humanitarian aid policy and practice.

A total of EUR 700 000 from budget article 23 02 01 is allocated to this subspecific objective.
Annex 1 to this Decision reflects the above-mentioned allocations by specific objectives.
Annex 2 to this Decision gives an indication of the contemplated allocation by countries/regions.'

(2) Annex 1 is replaced by Annex 1 to this Decision.

(3) Annex 2 is replaced by Annex 2 to this Decision.

Done at Brussels, 13.12.2018

World: World has failed to protect children in conflict in 2018: UNICEF

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: World, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Yemen

Widespread violations against children in conflict continue in shocking year-on-year trend

NEW YORK, 28 December 2018 – The futures of millions of children living in countries affected by armed conflict are at risk, as warring parties continue to commit grave violations against children, and world leaders fail to hold perpetrators accountable – UNICEF said today.

“Children living in conflict zones around the world have continued to suffer through extreme levels of violence over the past 12 months, and the world has continued to fail them,” said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Director of Emergency Programmes. “For too long, parties to conflict have been committing atrocities with near-total impunity, and it is only getting worse. Much more can and must be done to protect and assist children.”

Children living in countries at war have come under direct attack, have been used as human shields, killed, maimed or recruited to fight. Rape, forced marriage and abduction have become standard tactics in conflicts from Syria to Yemen, and from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Nigeria, South Sudan and Myanmar.

Over the course of 2018:

In Afghanistan, violence and bloodshed remain a daily occurrence, with some 5,000 children killed or maimed within the first three quarters of 2018, equal to all of 2017, and children making up 89 per cent of civilian casualties from explosive remnants of war.

Cameroon has seen an escalation of the conflict in the North-West and South-West regions of the country, with schools, students and teachers often coming under attack. In November, more than 80 people, including many children, were abducted from a school in Nkwen, in the north-west of the country and released a few days later. To date, 93 villages have allegedly been partially or totally burned due to conflict in the areas, with many children experiencing extreme levels of violence.

In the Central African Republic, a dramatic resurgence in fighting has enveloped much of the country, with two out of three children in need of humanitarian assistance.

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, inter-ethnic violence and clashes between security forces and armed groups/militia in the Great Kasai-region and in the eastern provinces of Tanganyika, South Kivu, Nord Kivu and Ituri have had a devastating impact on children. The response to the ongoing Ebola outbreak has been seriously hindered by violence and instability in eastern DRC. In addition, an estimated 4.2 million children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The situation is compounded by violations of children's rights, including forced recruitment by armed groups and sexual abuse.

In Iraq, even as fighting has largely subsided, four children were killed in November in the north of the country when the truck they were travelling to school in came under attack. Children and families returning to their homes in areas previously impacted by heavy violence continue to be exposed to the danger of unexploded ordnance. Thousands of families remain displaced and now face the additional threats of freezing winter temperatures and flash floods.

In the Lake Chad basin, ongoing conflict, displacement and attacks on schools, teachers and other education facilities have put the education of 3.5 million children at risk. Today in northeast Nigeria, the Lake region of Chad, extreme north of Cameroon and Diffa region of Niger, at least 1,041 schools are closed or non-functional due to violence, fear of attacks, or unrest, affecting nearly 445,000 children.

A recent surge in violence in the border region between Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger has left 1,478 schools closed.

In Myanmar, the UN continues to receive reports of ongoing violations of the rights of Rohingya remaining in northern Rakhine State, which include allegations of killings, disappearances and arbitrary arrests. There are also widespread restrictions on the rights to freedom of movement and barriers to access health and education including in central Rakhine State. Ensuring children have access to quality education and other essential services will avert a ‘lost generation’ of Rohingya children; otherwise, they will lack the skills they need to contribute to society.

In northeast Nigeria, armed groups, including Boko Haram factions, continue to target girls, who are raped, forced to become wives of fighters or used as ‘human bombs’. In February, the group abducted 110 girls and one boy from a technical college in Dapchi, Yobe State. While most of the children have since been released, five girls died and one is still being held captive as a slave.

In Palestine, over 50 children were killed and hundreds more injured this year, many whilst demonstrating against deteriorating living conditions in Gaza. Children in Palestine and Israel have been exposed to fear, trauma and injuries.

In South Sudan, relentless conflict and insecurity throughout the annual lean season pushed 6.1 million people into extreme hunger. Even with the advent of the rainy season, more than 43 per cent of the population remain food insecure. While the promise of a revitalized peace-agreement offers a glimmer of hope for children, reports of extreme violence against women and children continue, most recently in Bentiu, where more than 150 women and girls reported suffering horrific sexual assault.

In Somalia, more than 1,800 children were recruited by parties to the conflict in the first nine months of the year, with 1,278 children abducted.

In Syria, between January and September, the UN verified the killing of 870 children – the highest number ever in the first nine months of any year since the start of the conflict in 2011. Attacks continued throughout the year, including the killing of 30 children in the eastern village of Al Shafa in November.

In eastern Ukraine, more than four years of conflict have taken a devastating toll on the education system, destroying and damaging hundreds of schools and forcing 700,000 children to learn in fragile environments, amidst volatile fighting and the dangers posed by unexploded weapons of war. The situation is particularly severe for 400,000 children who live within 20km of the “contact line”, which divides the government and non-government-controlled areas and where shelling and extreme levels of mine-contamination pose a lethal threat.

And in Yemen, the UN has verified 1,427 children killed or maimed in attacks, including an ‘unconscionable’ attack on a school bus in Sa’ada. Schools and hospitals have come under frequent attack or been used for military purposes, denying children access to their right to education and health care. This is further fueling a crisis in a country where every 10 minutes, a child dies due to preventable diseases, and 400,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition.

“2019 marks the 30th anniversary of the landmark Convention on the Rights of the Child and the 70th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, yet today, more countries are embroiled in internal or international conflict than at any other time in the past three decades. Children living through conflict are among the least likely to be guaranteed their rights. Attacks on children must end,” Fontaine said.

UNICEF calls on all warring parties to abide by their obligations under international law to immediately end violations against children and the targeting of civilian infrastructure, including schools, hospitals and water infrastructure. UNICEF also calls on states with influence over parties to conflict to use that influence to protect children.

“Much more needs to be done to prevent wars, and to end the many disastrous armed conflicts devastating children’s lives. Yet even as wars continue, we must never accept attacks against children. We must hold warring parties to their obligation to protect children. Otherwise, it is children, their families and their communities who will continue to suffer the devastating consequences, for now, and for years to come,” Fontaine said.

Across all these countries, UNICEF works with partners to provide the most vulnerable children with health, nutrition, education and child protection services. For example, in October, UNICEF helped to secure the release of 833 children recruited into armed forces in northeast Nigeria, and are working these children to reintegrate them into their communities. Since conflict broke out in South Sudan five years ago, UNICEF has reunited almost 6,000 unaccompanied and separated children with their families. In Bangladesh, in 2018, UNICEF reached thousands of Rohingya refugee children with mental health and psychosocial support. In Iraq, UNICEF is working with partners to provide specialized services to women and children affected by gender-based violence.

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Notes for editors:

Multimedia materials available here: https://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIFI7QW8B

Find out more about UNICEF’s work for children in conflict here: uni.cf/childrenunderattack

ABOUT UNICEF

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For more information please contact:
Joe English, UNICEF New York. +1 917 893 0692 jenglish@unicef.org

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