Category: Chad

World: Your trusted partner in humanitarian action in Africa: 2017 Annual Report

Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Message from our Regional Director

Despite numerous humanitarian challenges in 2017 in Africa, there were also a number of heart-warming accomplishments. A case in point, was when a local response of Red Crescent teams—and other partners—curbed Somalia’s cholera outbreak through the power of local volunteers and shared international expertise. In terms of support to our members, 36 National Societies were able to kick start initiatives that built their capacity through seed grants.

It is such highlights that I am pleased to present in this annual report for 2017, a year during which the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in Africa continued to pursue the direction and specific milestones defined in the “IFRC in Africa, Road Map 2017 – 2020.” The humanitarian context in 2017 remained challenging. A food crisis continued to worsen in Somalia, Ethiopia, South Sudan, north-east Nigeria and Central African Republic (CAR). The refugee crisis in Uganda was compounded by a new influx of thousands of people fleeing conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In Madagascar, an outbreak of pneumonic plague killed over 100 people. In the same year, Cyclone Enawo, the strongest storm to hit Madagascar in over a decade, left enormous humanitarian needs in its wake.

Perhaps one of the most dreadful humanitarian disasters of the year was when deadly mudslides killed over 1,000 people in a very short time on the outskirts Freetown, Sierra Leone, leaving about 8,000 families of survivors in need of humanitarian assistance.
Our gallant volunteers responded to all of these challenges with unerring courage and determination. Sadly, it was not without a price: several volunteers lost their lives in line of duty in 2017. Six Red Cross volunteers were killed in an attack on a health centre in southeast Central African Republic on 3 August.

That was the third attack on Red Cross workers in Central African Republic that year. In January 2017, in Nigeria, six Red Cross aid workers were killed in an airstrike on the town of Rann, near the border of Nigeria and Cameroon.

My experience as the IFRC Regional Director for Africa continues to be immeasurably rewarding. The commitment of the network of African Red Cross and Red Crescent staff, volunteers and partners in response to the needs of vulnerable communities has inspired me to be deeply committed to the Movement. It is humbling to see the greatest strength of African National Societies – the volunteers – at work. The 1.4 million volunteers in Africa who selflessly offer unparalleled presence at local level. They help us to respond fast, and to go the extra mile.

I would like to take this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude to Red Cross Red Crescent staff and volunteers and IFRC colleagues who made 2017 a successful, if challenging, year. Their dedication and hard work has ensured we’ve reached millions across the region. This report provides useful insights and inspiration for taking humanitarian work in Africa to the next level.

Dr Fatoumata Nafo-Traoré Regional Director, IFRC Africa

Ethiopia: Austrian Government approves humanitarian aid worth 6.5 million Euros to 5 African countries

Source: Emirates News Agency
Country: Austria, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda

VIENNA, 8th November, 2018 (WAM) — The Government of Austria has decided to provide humanitarian assistance worth 6.5 million Euros to five African countries, including Egypt, South Sudan, Uganda, Chad and Ethiopia, to assist in the provision of humanitarian needs resulting from the crisis of sheltering refugees and Climate problems.

The Austrian aid will be used to provide clean drinking water, health care supplies, and urgent assistance to prevent the aggravation of humanitarian situation in the affected areas and regions where people depend on external assistance, said Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs Karin Kneissl.

Austria’s Prime Minister Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, announced the Cabinet’s approval on the resolution of humanitarian assistance, “Austria meets its humanitarian responsibilities in a fair manner,” said Kurz, stressing the importance of strengthening close cooperation with African countries for improving living conditions and sustainable development.

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Kneissl, said that the recipient countries suffer from various challenges resulting from problems of climate and shelter of refugees, which caused humanitarian problems and hardships.

Minister Kneissl referred to the suffering of Ethiopia, the second African country hosting the largest number of refugees, because of the worst drought crisis for decades, and stressed Austria’s interest in “alleviating humanitarian needs and eliminating the causes of migration,” by giving people perspective that convince them to stay and not leave their countries.

WAM//Esraa Ismail/Rasha Abubaker

World: Humanitarian Funding Update October 2018 – United Nations Coordinated Appeals

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

United Nations-coordinated Appeals








Global Humanitarian Funding




Global Appeal Status

  • At the end of October 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) require US$25.20 billion to assist 97.9 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The plans are funded at $11.97 billion; this amounts to 47.5 per cent of financial requirements for 2018. Requirements are lower than in September 2018 due to revision of the Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP). For the remainder of 2018, humanitarian organizations require another $13.23 billion to meet the needs outlined in these plans.

  • Global requirements are $1.10 billion higher than at this time last year. Overall coverage and the dollar amount were only marginally higher in late October than at the same time in 2017.

  • On 8 October the Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners issued a Mid-Year Review of the HDRP. The revised plan reflects changes in the humanitarian context, and requires $1.49 billion for 2018, as opposed to the March 2018 requirement of $1.6 billion to reach some 7.88 million people in need of food or cash relief assistance and 8.49 million people with non-food assistance in the course of the year. Despite the general good performance of this year’s belg (spring) rains, the number of people targeted for relief food and cash support remains largely unchanged due to the significant spike in internal displacement since April 2018.

Security Council Briefings and High Level Missions

  • At a briefing to the Security Council on 23 October, Under-Secretary-General/Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC) Mark Lowcock called on all stakeholders to do everything possible to avert catastrophe in Yemen. In a follow up note on the humanitarian situation in Yemen of 30 October, the USG/ERC thanked the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States, Kuwait, the United Kingdom and all donors for the record amount raised for the humanitarian appeal in 2018 which had meant nearly 8 million people had received assistance across the country; more than 7 million people had received food and more than 420,000 children been treated for malnutrition; clean water, sanitation and basic hygiene support is now available to 7.4 million people and about 8 million men, women, girls and boys had benefited from health services.

  • At a Security Council briefing on the humanitarian situation in Syria on 29 October, the USG/ERC urged the Security Council and key Member States to ensure that the ceasefire holds in Syria’s northwestern province of Idlib to prevent a military onslaught and overwhelming humanitarian suffering. He thanked donors for the $1.7 billion contributed so far towards the HRP for Syria, but pointed out that this HRP is currently funded at less than 50 per cent.

  • In her statement to the Security Council on 30 October, Assistant Under-Secretary-General/Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (ASG/DERC)
    Ursulla Mueller spoke of the steady decline in humanitarian funding for the Ukraine over the years and mentioned that the HRP for 2018 is funded at only 32 per cent. This is simply not enough to cover food, health care, water, sanitation and other life-saving assistance. ASG/DERC Mueller appealed to donors to increase their support for consolidating gains in anticipation of the fast-approaching winter.

  • During a joint mission to Chad and Nigeria (5-7 October) with UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner, as part of a series of country visits the two will make to advance humanitarian-development collaboration, the USG/ERC called on donors to fulfil pledges and announcements of over $2 million made in Berlin last month at the High Level Conference on the Lake Chad Region (3-4 September). He noted the importance of maintaining humanitarian response in the region as needs were still very high.

  • Following her visit to the Republic of the Philippines from 9 to 11 October, ASG/DERC Mueller announced that OCHA would continue advocating for sustained funding to address humanitarian needs of people displaced by the Marawi conflict while ensuring that support for the transition to longerterm and sustainable recovery is forthcoming.

Upcoming Event

  • The Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 and World Humanitarian Data and Trends will be launched in the course of joint event to take place in the Palais des Nations, Geneva, from 10:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. on 4 December 2018.

Pooled Funds

  • Between January and the end of October 2018, country-based pooled funds (CBPFs) have received a total of $708 million in contributions from 32 donors (including contributions through the UN Foundation). During the same period, a total of $616 million from the 18 operational funds was allocated towards 1,071 projects with 575 implementing partners. Nearly 40 per cent ($246 million) of the funds were allocated to international NGOs and some 26 per cent (approximately $160 million) to national NGOs. UN agencies received 32 per cent ($202 million) of the allocated funds and Red Cross/Red Crescent organizations received over 1 per cent (some $8 million) of all allocated funds. The largest allocations per sector went to health; food security; water, sanitation and hygiene; nutrition; emergency shelter and NFIs.

  • Between 1 January and 31 October 2018, the Emergency Relief Coordinator approved $477 million in grants from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support life-saving activities in 45 countries. This includes $297.7 million from the Rapid Response Window and $179.7 million from the Underfunded Emergencies (UFE) Window. A total of $31.6 million in Rapid Response grants was approved in October in response to cholera outbreaks in Zimbabwe, Niger and Nigeria; flooding in Laos; and the population influx from Venezuela to Brazil, Ecuador and Peru; as well as to support Government relief efforts following the earthquake and tsunami in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The UFE 2018 second round was completed this month, with $30.6 million approved in September and the remaining $49.4 million of the round’s $80 million released in October to assist people caught up in nine chronic emergencies in Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Libya,
    Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Sudan.

Country Updates

  • Funding for humanitarian activities in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is at an all-time low. Nearly all agencies requesting financial support through the HRP have received less funding in 2018 than in previous years. This leaves humanitarian partners ill-placed to meet emerging needs or respond to the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Gaza, where the rise in casualties during the recent demonstrations has stretched Gaza’s overburdened health system.
    Humanitarian agencies appealed in August for $43.8 million to respond to the Gaza crisis, particularly trauma management and emergency health care, in 2018. On 22 September, the Humanitarian Coordinator for the oPt launched an $8.3 million allocation from the oPt Humanitarian Fund to implement critical HRP projects, mainly in Gaza. Stocks of medical supplies are in extremely short supply and depleted to almost half of requirements. Since late October, the Gaza power plant has been providing up to eleven hours of electricity a day. However, around 250 health,
    WASH and essential solid waste facilities continue to rely on UN-procured emergency fuel for running back-up generators. This year’s intensive operations have depleted funds and stocks and the $1 million allocated by the oPt Humanitarian Fund for fuel supplies will only last until the end of November. Further and urgent financial support is therefore required.

  • Conditions in Yemen continued to deteriorate in October, pushing the country to the brink of famine. On 23 October, the USG/ERC warned the Security Council that without urgent action, up to 14 million people – half the population – could face pre-famine conditions in the coming months.
    Assessments are currently under way, with initial results expected in mid-November. The economic crisis is raising the risk of famine. The Yemeni rial has depreciated by nearly 50 per cent over the last year. Commodity prices have soared, as Yemen imports 90 per cent of staple food and nearly all fuel and medicine.

Urgent steps are required to avert immediate catastrophe. First, a cessation of hostilities is needed; this is especially critical in populated areas.
Second, imports of food, fuel and other essentials must be able to enter Yemen without impediment. Roads must remain open so these goods can reach communities across the country. Third, the Yemeni economy must be supported, including by injecting foreign exchange, expediting credit for imports and paying salaries and pensions. Fourth, international funding must increase now to allow humanitarians to meet growing needs for assistance. Finally, all parties must engage with the UN Special Envoy to end the conflict. Yemen remains the largest humanitarian operation in the world, with more than 200 partners working through the Yemen HRP.

Central African Republic: République Centrafricaine: Aperçu des besoins humanitaires 2019 (octobre 2018)

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Sudan


La crise humanitaire que traverse la Centrafrique demeure complexe. Un total de 621 035 personnes sont déplacées à l’intérieur du pays et 572 984 personnes dans les pays voisins à la fin du mois d’août 2018. Le nombre de personnes dans le besoin est passé de 2,5 millions à 2,9 millions dont 1,6 million en besoin d’assistance aiguë et immédiate, soit une augmentation de 16% par rapport à l’année 2017. Cette augmentation est la conséquence directe de la multiplication des foyers de conflit dans plusieurs régions du pays, du nombre croissant d’incidents sécuritaires affectant les civils et les humanitaires, et du manque de ressources nécessaires qui mettent en péril les efforts de restauration des services de base. Les conséquences humanitaires de cette crise sont ressenties dans les domaines de la protection, du déplacement forcé des populations et de l’accès aux services sociaux de base.


La crise en RCA reste principalement une crise de protection. Du 01 janvier au 30 août 2018, 7 270 incidents de protection sur les populations civiles ont été rapportés. Les acteurs humanitaires sont de plus en plus ciblés et le nombre d’incidents contre les humanitaires a augmenté passant de 232 en 2017 à 316 en 2018 (janvier –fin septembre 2018).
Plusieurs organisations se sont retirées temporairement des localités attaquées privant les populations vulnérables de l’assistance humanitaire dont elles ont grandement besoin.


La résurgence des conflits entre groupes armés, l’insécurité et les attaques contre les civils continuent à provoquer des déplacements de populations.
Plus d’1 million de personnes vivent actuellement hors de chez elles, soit plus de 621 000 déplacés internes et plus de 573 000 réfugiés dans les pays voisins.
En revanche, l’accalmie observée ces derniers mois dans certaines préfectures a encouragé plus de 300 000 personnes à retourner dans leurs milieux d’origine qui, dans la plupart de cas, sont soit incendiés soit en décrépitude avancée. Les retournés se trouvent également confrontés à des besoins spécifiques pour la survie au regard des capacités et moyens de subsistance limités.


Les conflits armés ainsi que le faible taux d’investissements publics aussi bien au niveau central que local à travers le pays ont fortement contribué à la détérioration des services essentiels de base. Les conséquences sur les populations en sont multiples, notamment l’accès difficile aux soins étant donné que 236 (23%) formations sanitaires sont partiellement ou totalement détruites, 244 (24%) sont partiellement ou non fonctionnelles ; moins de 30% d’accès à l’eau potable ; 1,9 millions de personnes en insécurité alimentaire ; 39 sous-préfectures sanitaires sur 71 avec des taux de malnutrition aigüe sévère supérieurs à 2%.


Malgré une certaine accalmie observée dans le pays après l’installation des institutions élues en 2016-2017, la recrudescence des violences à partir de la fin de l’année 2017 a replongé la population dans une vague d’insécurité dans plusieurs régions du pays. Cette détérioration a affecté davantage le tissu socio-économique et exacerbé les besoins humanitaires pour des populations déjà vulnérables.

La fragilité des institutions étatiques et l’insécurité

Malgré les efforts en cours pour le redéploiement de l’autorité de l’Etat dans son volet politico-administratif (préfets, sous-préfets, et maires), plus de la moitié du territoire centrafricain reste confrontée à une forte instabilité, avec une présence des groupes armés et des milices d’autodéfense qui ont érigé de véritables administrations parallèles leur garantissant un ancrage territorial fort. A cause de l’insécurité, la plupart de ces autorités, y compris les responsables des services techniques de l’Etat se sont vus obligés de se déplacer à Bangui ou vers d’autres localités. Bien que signé depuis 2015, le programme de Désarmement, de démobilisation et de réinsertion (DDR) des milices armées tarde à se concrétiser.

Outre l’impact sécuritaire et économique très négatif sur les communautés (pillages de biens, taxes illégales), l’insécurité sur les routes et axes principaux handicape très fortement la fourniture de l’aide humanitaire. En 2018, 46 véhicules des acteurs humanitaires ont été braqués dans les préfectures de la Nana Gribizi, (21), de l’Ouham (12), de la Ouaka (8), de la Kémo (2), de l’Ouham Pendé (1), et à Bangui (2). Par ailleurs, 29 véhicules ont été volés à Bangui (8), dans la Ouaka (6), dans la Nana Gribizi (5), dans le Mbomou (4), dans la Nana Mambéré (4) et dans l’Ouham (2).

Les tensions intercommunautaires

En 2018, les affrontements récurrents et localisés ont occasionné une augmentation des tensions intercommunautaires à Bangui et dans plusieurs localités de l’arrière-pays, notamment dans la Haute Kotto, la Basse Kotto, la Nana-Gribizi, l’Ouham, la Ouaka, le Mbomou et le Haut Mbomou, brisant la fragile cohésion sociale dans ces parties du pays.

Dans certaines préfectures, le lien entre groupes armés et communautés est fortement ressenti et contribue à la persistance des conflits : les combattants apparaissent comme les protecteurs d’une communauté déterminée. Cette communautarisation du conflit se traduit notamment par des cycles de représailles violents et répétés, entrainant des mouvements de populations récurrents.

La problématique de la transhumance

Le phénomène de la transhumance dans le Nord-Ouest (région de Bouar-Bocaranga-Baboua), l’Ouest (région de Berberati, Gamboula, Amada-Gaza), le Centre-Ouest (région de Bossembéle-Yaloké), le Centre-Est (région de Kouango-Bambari-Alindao-Kembé), le Nord de la préfecture de l’Ouham et dans la Nana Gribizi, a périodiquement des conséquences désastreuses sur ces zones. Les relations déjà difficiles entre les éleveurs transhumants étrangers (notamment tchadiens et soudanais) et les populations d’agriculteurs autochtones se sont dégradées au fil des années donnant lieu à de nombreux conflits intercommunautaires de plus en plus violents. Les Nations Unies estiment qu’environ 1,1 million de personnes sont dans le besoin dans les zones affectées par le phénomène de la transhumance.

Depuis 2013, ce phénomène n’est plus contrôlé et régulé par le gouvernement. Le vol régulier de bétail appartenant à la communauté peuhle par des éléments armés, les rivalités entre les groupes armés autoproclamés protecteurs des éleveurs ou des agriculteurs et la militarisation des éleveurs, accentuent les risques de conflit intercommunautaire et renforcent la méfiance entre les éleveurs et les agriculteurs. Le délitement des structures traditionnelles de médiation de conflit entre agriculteurs et éleveurs et la désorganisation des couloirs de transhumance, ainsi que la destruction des champs par le bétail des transhumants sont aussi de nature à déclencher des conflits.

La pauvreté chronique

La RCA est l’un des pays les plus pauvres au monde et se trouve à l’avant dernier rang du classement mondial (188/189) selon l’indice de développement humain de 2018. La persistance de l’insécurité sur une grande partie du territoire nationale a notamment freiné la relance du secteur agricole et la concrétisation des investissements étrangers directs (IDE). L’exil des commerçants, les fréquentes attaques de convois transportant des biens ou des marchandises et l’état défectueux des routes sont autant d’entraves à l’approvisionnement des marchés en marchandises et en intrants. Cet état de fait donne par conséquent lieu à une augmentation des prix dans certaines localités. L’activité économique reste faible depuis 2013.

Le niveau de pauvreté structurelle s’est davantage aggravé avec la récurrence du déplacement massif des populations et la perte
des capacités de production des populations affectées. Il est passé de 62 % en 2008 à 75 % en 20171
. Les ménages les plus pauvres se
trouvent en milieu rural, même si la répartition spatiale de la pauvreté varie selon les régions. L’inégalité de revenus est également très
prononcée : la RCA détient l’un des indices de Gini le plus élevé au monde (63). Le taux de chômage reste élevé et près d’un individu
actif sur quatre (24,2 %) est sans emploi. Hormis les inégalités de revenus, l’accès aux services d’éducation et de santé de base n’est pas
assuré de manière équitable dans les différentes régions du pays. L’espérance de vie à la naissance (52,9 ans) est la deuxième plus faible
au monde.

World: The Market Monitor – Trends and impacts of staple food prices in vulnerable countries, Issue 39 – April 2018

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Global Highlights

• In Q1-2018, the FAO cereal price index rose by 8.6 percent from Q1-2017, while the global food price index declined by 2 percent year-on-year.

• The real price for wheat was 22 percent above Q1-2017 levels: crops suffered dryness in the United States and cold weather in Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, leaving production forecasts open to a downward revision.3 World ending stocks remain at record levels.

• The real price for maize was 6 percent higher than last quarter but stable compared to Q1-2017.
Overall favourable crop conditions offset mixed production outcomes in the southern African regions, leading to firm world supplies.

• The real price of rice increased by 14 percent from Q1-2017, with a slight contraction of stocks in exporting countries and increased buying interest from importing countries.

• In Q1, the real price of crude oil increased by 5 percent from the previous quarter following an agreement on extensive production cuts in major oil-producing countries.

• The cost of the basic food basket increased severely (>10%) in Q1-2018 in five countries: Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Rwanda, the Sudan and Yemen. High increases (5–10%) were seen in Indonesia, Iraq, Myanmar, South Sudan, Turkey and Viet Nam. In the other monitored countries, the change was moderate or low (<5%).

• Price spikes, as monitored by ALPS, were detected in 19 countries, particularly in Burkina Faso, Haiti, Mali, Sudan, Sri Lanka, South Sudan and the Sudan (see the map below).4 These spikes indicate crisis levels for the two most important staples in each country, which could be maize, milk, millet, oil, rice, sorghum, sweet potatoes or wheat.

Mali: MMC West Africa – 4Mi Snapshot -Aspirations of refugees and migrants from West Africa, October 2018

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Mixed Migration Centre
Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo

This 4Mi snapshot is a continuation of the snapshot published in September 2018 on profiles and reasons for departure of refugees and migrants from West Africa. It is also based on data collected between 1 January and 31 July 2018.
During this period, 2,184 refugees and migrants were interviewed by 4Mi in West Africa, in Mali (Mopti, Gao and Timbuktu), Niger (Niamey and Agadez) and Burkina Faso (Dori and Bobo Dioulasso).

World: Humanitarian Coordinator Information Products, October 2018

Source: Inter-Agency Standing Committee
Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Nigeria: Les conflits non résolus en Afrique, un facteur clé de l’insécurité alimentaire

Source: Africa Center for Strategic Studies
Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Zimbabwe

Par le Centre d’études stratégiques de l’Afrique

19 octobre 2018

Les conflits sont un facteur central de la géographie de l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique. Plus un conflit se poursuit, plus l’acuité de cette insécurité s’aggrave.

Les conflits en Afrique continuent d’apporter une contribution majeure aux problèmes de sécurité alimentaire du continent. Les violences continues perturbent l’agriculture, les moyens de subsistance et le fonctionnement des marchés, affaiblissant la résilience des ménages face à la sécheresse et à d’autres pressions. Les conflits limitent également les mouvements, empêchant certaines communautés d’accéder à l’aide humanitaire. Une évaluation des zones d’insécurité alimentaire aiguë en Afrique révèle ces conclusions:

  • Les trois quarts des Africains sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire aiguë, en état de crise ou d’urgence – plus de 107 millions sur un total de 143 millions – vivent dans des pays touchés par un conflit.

  • 11 des 12 pays africains en conflit sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire aiguë.

  • Les niveaux d’urgence de l’insécurité alimentaire dans de grandes parties du Soudan du Sud et du nord-est du Nigéria sont presque entièrement dus aux perturbations causées par le conflit.

  • Plus de la moitié de la population de 4 pays africains (Soudan du Sud, Cameroun, Burundi et République centrafricaine) connaît une insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Tous sont en conflit. Au Soudan du Sud, près de 80% de la population est en situation d’insécurité alimentaire extrême.

  • Plus de 15 millions de citoyens de 3 pays africains (Nigeria, Soudan et Cameroun) sont confrontés à une insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Chacun de ces pays connaît des conflits.

  • Les conflits africains non résolus tendent à amplifier les crises de sécurité alimentaire au fil du temps. Les conflits dans les 4 pays connaissant des niveaux de sécurité alimentaire préoccupante se poursuivent depuis 5 ans et demi en moyenne. En revanche, les conflits dans les 7 pays confrontés à une crise ou à une situation d’urgence en matière de sécurité alimentaire persistent depuis 14,7 années en moyenne.

  • 31 travailleurs humanitaires ont été tués en Afrique, dont 11 dans le seul Soudan du Sud, entre janvier et juin 2018. 54 ont été enlevés et 40 ont été arrêtés.

Sudan, Libya, Chad and Niger border committee to meet in Ndjamena

October 22, 2018 (KHARTOUM) – The 4th ministerial meeting to strengthen the security of the joint border among Sudan, Libya, Chad and Niger would be held in Ndjamena on Wednesday.
The two-day meeting would be held with the participation of foreign, defence and interior ministries as well as intelligence services of the four countries.
An informed source within Sudan’s Foreign Minister said the meeting would discuss ways to combat terrorism, negative movements, human and illegal drug (…)