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World: Drought, Disease and War Hit Global Agriculture, Says U.N.

Source: Inter Press Service
Country: Cambodia, Central African Republic, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Mongolia, Mozambique, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

By James Reinl

UNITED NATIONS, Jul 11 2019 (IPS) - The United Nations has warned of drought, disease and war preventing farmers from producing enough food for millions of people across Africa and other regions, leading to the need for major aid operations.

A report called the Crop Prospects and Food Situation by the U.N.’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) says that shortages of grain and other foodstuffs have left people in 41 countries — 31 of them in Africa — in need of handouts.

“Ongoing conflicts and dry weather conditions remain the primary causes of high levels of severe food insecurity, hampering food availability and access for millions of people,” U.N. spokesman Farhan Haq told reporters on Tuesday.

Southern Africa has experienced both dry spells and rainfall damage from Cyclone Idai, which made landfall in Mozambique on Mar. 14. The storm caused “agricultural production shortfalls” and big “increases in cereal import needs,” added Haq.

Farmers in Zimbabwe and Zambia have seen harvests decline this year. Some three million people faced shortages at the start of 2019, but food price spikes there will likely push that number upwards in the coming months, researchers say.

In eastern Africa, crop yields have dropped in Somalia, Kenya and Sudan due to “severe dryness”, added Haq.

According to the FAO, life for rural herders in Kassala State, in eastern Sudan, has been upended by a drought that has forced them to move livestock away from traditional grazing routes in pursuit of greener pastures.

“Life would be so hard if our livestock died. We wouldn’t have food or milk for the children,” Khalda Mohammed Ibrahim, a farmer near Aroma, in Kassala State, told FAO. “When it is dry, I am afraid the animals will starve — and then we will too.”

Droughts are getting worse, says the U.N. Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). By 2025, some 1.8 billion people will experience serious water shortages, and two thirds of the world will be “water-stressed”.

In Asia, low yields of wheat and barley outputs are raising concerns in North Korea, where dry spells, heatwaves and flooding have led to what has been called the worst harvests the hermit dictatorship has seen in a decade, the report said.

More than 10 million North Koreans — or 40 percent of the country’s population — are short of food or require aid handouts, the U.N.’s Rome-based agency for agriculture said in its 42-page study.

FAO researchers also addressed the spread of a deadly pig disease in China that has disrupted the world’s biggest pork market and is one of the major risks to a well-supplied global agricultural sector.

China is grappling with African swine fever, which has spread across much of the country this past year. There is no cure or vaccine for the disease, often fatal for pigs although harmless for humans.

By the middle of June, more than 1.1 million pigs had died or been culled. The bug has also been reported in Vietnam, Cambodia, Mongolia, North Korea and Laos, affecting millions of pigs and threatening farmers’ livelihoods.

The FAO forecast a five percent fall in Chinese pork output this year, while imports were predicted to rise to almost two million tonnes from an average 1.6 million tonnes per year from 2016 to 2018.

Conflict is another worry, the FAO said. While Syria and Yemen have seen “generally conducive weather conditions for crops”, fighting between government forces, rebels and other groups in both countries has ravaged agriculture.

Violence in Yemen has triggered what the U.N. calls the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with 3.3 million people displaced and 24.1 million — more than two-thirds of the population — in need of aid.

Last month, the U.N.’s World Food Programme (WFP) announced a “partial suspension” of aid affecting 850,000 people in Yemen’s capital Sanaa, saying the Houthi rebels that run the city were diverting food from the needy.

Likewise, in Africa, simmering conflicts in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan have caused a “dire food security situation”. In South Sudan, seven million people do not have enough food.

China to support South Sudan’s pre-transitional committee

July 6, 2019 (JUBA) – South Sudan and China on Saturday signed three agreements on the in-kind support from the Chinese government to the National Pre-Transitional Committee (NPTC).
The Chinese ambassador to South Sudan, Hua Ning and the undersecretary of South Sudan's Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Baak Wol signed these three agreements on behalf of their governments.
As part of the new agreement, the implementation of South Sudan's revitalized peace accord will be paid under the Chinese (...)

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World: 41 pays dans le monde, dont 31 en Afrique, ont besoin d’une aide alimentaire (FAO)

Source: UN News Service
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Les conflits prolongés et les mauvaises conditions climatiques exacerbent les besoins alimentaires, alerte l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO).

Selon le dernier rapport de la FAO sur les Perspectives de récoltes et la situation alimentaire publié jeudi, les conflits en cours et les sécheresses demeurent les principales causes de grave insécurité alimentaire, compromettant ainsi l'accès aux aliments et leur disponibilité pour des millions de personnes.

Le rapport indique que 41 pays, dont 31 en Afrique, ont toujours besoin d'une aide extérieure pour couvrir leurs besoins alimentaires, une situation inchangée depuis trois mois.

Les 41 pays ayant actuellement besoin d'une aide extérieure pour couvrir leurs besoins alimentaires sont l'Afghanistan, le Bangladesh, le Burkina Faso, le Burundi, le Cap Vert, le Cameroun, la République centrafricaine, le Tchad, le Congo, la Corée du Nord, la République démocratique du Congo, Djibouti, l'Erythrée, l'Eswatini, l'Ethiopie, la Guinée, Haïti, l'Iraq, le Kenya, le Lesotho, le Libéria, la Libye, Madagascar, le Malawi, le Mali, la Mauritanie, le Mozambique, le Myanmar, le Niger, le Nigéria, le Pakistan, le Sénégal, la Sierra Leone, la Somalie, le Soudan du Sud, le Soudan, la Syrie, l'Ouganda, le Venezuela, le Yémen et le Zimbabwe.

Le manque de pluies compromet la production alimentaire

En 2019, les dégâts causés par le cyclone Idai et le manque de pluies ont eu de lourdes répercussions sur la production agricole d'Afrique australe, dont celles de faire grimper les besoins d'importations en céréales. Les récoltes ont baissé pour la deuxième année consécutive au Zimbabwe et en Zambie, tandis que les pays voisins ont également enregistré des baisses de leur production en raison de conditions climatiques défavorables, comme par exemple au Mozambique avec le cyclone Idai. Au Zimbabwe, l'insécurité alimentaire devrait s'aggraver davantage en 2019, exacerbée par une forte hausse des prix des aliments de base et par la crise économique. Début 2019, près de 3 millions de personnes dans le pays étaient considérées comme étant en situation d'insécurité alimentaire.

En Afrique de l'Est, une grave sécheresse a affecté les récoltes de la première saison et conduit à une dégradation des conditions de pâturages. Les plus importantes baisses de production céréalière en 2019 sont attendues au Kenya, en Somalie et au Soudan où, d'après le rapport, les récoltes devraient être inférieures à la moyenne.

En Asie, des productions de blé et d'orge inférieures à la moyenne en 2018/19 sont attendues en Corée du Nord et des inquiétudes subsistent quant aux principales cultures saisonnières de 2019, en raison de pluies de plus en plus rares et de la faiblesse de la disponibilité en eau destinée à l'irrigation. Selon la récente mission rapide d'évaluation de la sécurité alimentaire de la FAO et du PAM de 2019, plus de 10 millions de personnes, soit 40 pour cent de la population, sont actuellement en situation d'insécurité alimentaire et ont besoin d'une aide alimentaire de manière urgente.

Les conflits chroniques ont de graves répercussions sur la sécurité alimentaire

Au Proche-Orient, malgré des conditions climatiques propices aux cultures, les conflits armés en cours en Syrie et au Yémen continuent d'entraver les activités agricoles en limitant la disponibilité des intrants et en augmentant les coûts de production. Au Yémen, lors de la période allant de décembre 2018 à janvier 2019, près de 15,9 millions de personnes, soit 53 pour cent de la population, faisaient face à une situation d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë.

De même, en Afrique, la situation désastreuse de la sécurité alimentaire dans de nombreux pays, y compris en République centrafricaine, en République démocratique du Congo et au Soudan du Sud, est le résultat de conflits persistants et de l'insécurité. Au Soudan du Sud, en particulier, selon certaines estimations, de mai à juillet 2019, le nombre de personnes en situation de grave insécurité alimentaire s'élevait à presque 7 millions, soit 60% de la population

World: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 2, July 2019

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

AFRICA

Cyclone damage and rainfall deficits in 2019 caused significant production declines in Southern Africa, while in East Africa severe dryness reduced first season harvests and led to a degradation of rangeland conditions. Rainfall in West Africa is predicted to be below average, constraining production prospects.

ASIA Cereal production in 2019

in Far East Asia is forecast to rise marginally, mostly resting on a larger harvest in India. Similarly, in the Near East, despite damaging floods and persistent conflicts, production is set to increase for the region as a whole. Cereal production is also seen to increase in CIS Asia.

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Significant production upturn is forecast in South America in 2019, compared to last year's reduced output. In Central America and the Caribbean, irregular rains have raised concerns over the maize harvests in all countries, except Mexico, where crop prospect are favourable.

China: WFP China Country Brief, April 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, South Sudan

In Numbers

More than 8,700 tonnes of rice, a contribution from China, were shipped from China to benefit approximately 300,000 vulnerable people throu...

World: Education in Danger Monthly News Brief, April 2019

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Algeria, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, China, Colombia, Cuba, Gabon, Kenya, Libya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic,...

Afghanistan: R2P Monitor, Issue 45 (15 May 2019)

Source: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Yemen

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:

"Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I). "

"The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II)."

"If a State is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action, in a timely and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter (Pillar III)."

Democratic Republic of the Congo: WFP ships China’s contributions to Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia and South Sudan

Source: World Food Programme
Country: China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, South Sudan

SHANGHAI – The World Food Programme has shipped thousands of tons of rice donated by China to Somalia, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, to help address their food security challenges.
This is part of China’s food assistance this year which also covers The Republic of Congo and Lesotho. The five countries are facing a range of issues that can impact food security, including armed conflict, climate-related disasters and sluggish economies. The assistance will mainly support displaced people and refugees, many of whom are women and children.

A departure ceremony was organized by the WFP China Office on April 12th at a port in Shanghai, eastern China, to recognize China’s significant contributions.

“China’s support enables us to expand our work and to reach more people in urgent need of food assistance,” Qu Sixi, Representative of WFP China Office, said during the ceremony. “We hope to further strengthen our partnership with China and make joint efforts towards achieving zero hunger.”

Said Jama Mire, Charge d’affaires of Somali Embassy to China, also expressed his gratitude. “We are very grateful for China's support for this food donation to Somalia and other African brothers,” he said. “Also I would like to thank World Food Programme for their great support to Somali people.”

China’s contributions have enabled the WFP to purchase more than 8,700 tons of rice in China and other food globally that will benefit approximately 300,000 vulnerable people in these African countries. Established last year, China International Development Cooperation Agency or CIDCA is China’s new governmental agency that oversees foreign aid.

“When African’s need is highest, the help from China will always be timely. It is in line with the principle of sincerity, real results and good faith and the principle of pursuing the greater good and shared interests, “ said Tian Lin, Director General of CIDCA’s Department of International Cooperation. “It is a reflection of the brotherhood between Chinese and African people to share good times and bad times. It is a follow-up action of the 2018 Beijing Summit of China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), aiming to help Africa to realize food security and sustainable development, and build a community with a shared future for China and Africa,”

Wang Yu, Deputy Director General of the Department of Outbound Investment and Economic Cooperation, MOFCOM said that as the Ministry overseeing the execution of China foreign aid projects, the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) has cooperated a lot with WFP in the area of humanitarian assistance. “This assistance brings hope and relief to developing countries suffering from natural disasters and conflicts,” she said. . “So I think today’s departure of Chinese food assistance from Shanghai is a very good example of China’s efforts to promote the shared future of mankind.”

Contact

For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):

Wei Xiangnan, WFP/China, +86 185 1358 7633

World: Commission Implementing Decision of 11.1.2019 on the financing of humanitarian aid actions from the 2019 general budget of the European Union – ECHO/WWD/BUD/2019/01000

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union, amending Regulations (EU) No 1296/2013, (EU) No 1301/2013, (EU) No 1303/2013, (EU)
No 1304/2013, (EU) No 1309/2013, (EU) No 1316/2013, (EU) No 223/2014, (EU) No 283/2014, and Decision No 541/2014/EU and repealing Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/20121 , and in particular Article 110 thereof,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid2 ('the Humanitarian Aid Regulation' or 'HAR'), and in particular Article 1,

Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,

Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('the Overseas Association Decision')3 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,

Whereas:

(1) In order to ensure the implementation of the humanitarian aid actions of the Union for 2019, it is necessary to adopt an annual financing decision for 2019. Article 110 of Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 (‘the Financial Regulation’) establishes detailed rules on financing decisions.

(2) The human and economic losses caused by natural disasters are devastating. These natural disasters, be they sudden or slow onset, that entail major loss of life, physical and psychological or social suffering or material damage, are constantly increasing, and with them so is the number of victims. Man-made humanitarian crises, resulting from wars or outbreaks of fighting (also called complex or protracted crises) account for a large proportion of, and are, the main source of humanitarian needs in the world.
There is also a need for international support for preparedness activities. Disaster preparedness aims at reducing the impact of disasters and crises on populations, allowing early warning and early action to better assist those affected.

(3) The humanitarian aid funded under this Decision should also cover essential activities and support services to humanitarian organisations as referred to in Articles 2(c) and 4 HAR, including notably the protection of humanitarian goods and personnel.

(4) The Union became party to the Food Assistance Convention on 28 November 2012; the Convention entered into force on 1 January 2013. In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, an amount of EUR 350 000 000, to be spent as food and nutrition assistance funded under this Decision, is to be counted towards the minimum annual commitment for the year 2019 of the Union under the Food Assistance Convention.

(5) Although as a general rule grants funded by this Decision should be co-financed, by way of derogation, the Authorising Officer in accordance with Article 190(3) of the Financial Regulation, may agree to their full financing.

(6) The envisaged assistance is to comply with the conditions and procedures set out by the restrictive measures adopted pursuant to Article 215 TFEU. The needs-based and impartial nature of humanitarian aid implies that the Union may be called to finance humanitarian assistance in crises and countries covered by Union restrictive measures.
In such situations, and in keeping with the relevant principles of international law and with the principles of impartiality, neutrality and non-discrimination referred to in Article 214(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the Union should allow and facilitate rapid and unimpeded access to humanitarian relief by civilians in need. The relevant Union restrictive measures should therefore be interpreted and implemented in such a manner as not to preclude the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the intended beneficiaries.

(7) The Commission may acknowledge and accept contributions from other donors in accordance with Article 21(2)(b) of the Financial Regulation, subject to the signing of the relevant agreement. Where such contributions are not denominated in euro, a reasonable estimate of conversion should be made.

(8) It is advisable to maintain a part of the Union budget for humanitarian aid unallocated in order to cover unforeseen operations, as part of an operational reserve.

(9) In cases where Union funding is granted to non-governmental organisations in accordance with Article 7 HAR, in order to guarantee that the beneficiaries of that funding are able to meet their commitments in the long term, the Authorising Officer responsible should verify if the non-governmental organisations concerned satisfy the requisite eligibility and selection criteria, notably as regards their legal, operational and financial capacity. The verification to be made should also seek to confirm whether the non-governmental organisations concerned are able to provide humanitarian aid in accordance with the humanitarian principles set out in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid4 .

(10) In cases where the Union finances humanitarian aid operations of Member States' specialised agencies in accordance with Article 9 HAR, in order to guarantee that the beneficiaries of Union grants are capable of fulfilling their commitments in the long run, the Authorising Officer responsible should verify the legal, operational and, where the entities or bodies concerned are governed by private law, financial capacity of any Member States' specialised agencies desiring to receive financial support under this Decision. The verification to be made should notably seek to confirm whether the Member States' specialised agencies concerned are able to provide humanitarian assistance or equivalent international relief outside the Union in accordance with the humanitarian principles set out in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

(11) Pursuant to Article 195(a) Financial Regulation, it is appropriate to authorise the award of grants without a call for proposals to the non-governmental organisations satisfying the eligibility and suitability criteria referred to in Article 7 HAR for the purpose of humanitarian aid.

(12) In order to ensure an effective delivery in the field of Union-funded humanitarian aid in all relevant crisis contexts while taking into account the specific mandates of international organisations, such as the United Nations and the international component of the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement (International Committee of the Red Cross and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), it is necessary to use indirect management for the implementation of Union-funded humanitarian aid operations.

(13) The Commission is to ensure a level of protection of the financial interests of the Union with regards to entities and persons entrusted with the implementation of Union funds by indirect management as provided for in Article 154(3) of the Financial Regulation. To this end, such entities and persons are to be subject to an assessment of their systems and procedures in accordance with Article 154(4) of the Financial Regulationand, if necessary, to appropriate supervisory measures in accordance with Article 154(5) of the Financial Regulation before a contribution agreement can be signed.

(14) It is necessary to allow for the payment of interest due for late payment on the basis of Article 116(5) Financial Regulation.

(15) It is appropriate to reserve appropriations for a trust fund in accordance with Article 234 Financial Regulation in order to strengthen the international role of the Union in external actions and development and to increase its visibility and efficiency.

(16) In order to allow for flexibility in the implementation of the financing decision, it is appropriate to define the term 'substantial change' within the meaning of Article 110(5) of the Financial Regulation.

(17) The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Humanitarian Aid Committee established by Article 17(1) HAR.

China sends 100 peacekeepers to Darfur

December 12, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - A Chinese peacekeeping force including 100 blue helmets on Tuesday has travelled to Sudan to take part in a one-year peacekeeping mission in the Darfur region, said China's Ministry of National Defence
According to China's official news agency Xinhua, the Defence Ministry said this is the first group of a peacekeeping team including 225 blue helmets, pointing out that the rest of the team would head to Darfur next Tuesday.
It added the Chinese blue helmets (...)

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World: Aid in Danger: Security Incident Data Analysis – All Regions (January 2017 – June 2018)

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

World: Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health Annual Report

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Benin, Burundi, Cambodia, China, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Japan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mongolia, Myanmar, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia

Animal health emergencies continue to erupt around the world at an ever-increasing pace. Increased global travel, human migration and informal trade of animals and animal products continue to intensify the risk of disease spread. Infectious diseases and other animal health threats have the potential to move rapidly within a country or around the world leading to severe socio-economic and public health consequences. For zoonoses that develop the ability for human to human transmission, an early response to an animal health emergency could prevent the next pandemic. As the demands continue to evolve for effective and efficient management of animal diseases, including emerging diseases and zoonoses, the Emergency Management Centre for Animal Health (EMC-AH) continues to evolve and keep pace with the global demands, adding value to Member States of FAO.

Building on the first eleven years of success, the Centre rebranded its platform in 2018 as EMC-AH, with the full support of the Crisis Management Centre for Animal Health Steering Committee in November 2017. The new name reflects the modernization of the platform and new way of working to better address the needs of the future. Further, the inaugural EMC-AH strategic action plan 2018 2022 released in June 2018 clearly states the vision, mission, and core functions of EMC AH for the coming five years with the aim of reducing the impact of animal health emergencies.

EMC AH’s annual report reflects EMC AH’s new way of working under its strategic action plan and addresses EMC AH performance and actions for the twelve-month period of November 2017-October 2018. During the reporting period, EMC AH contributed to strengthening resilience of livelihoods to animal health-related emergencies and zoonoses through the core pillars of its strategic action plan: preparedness, response, incident coordination, collaboration and resource mobilization. The annual report illustrates EMC-AH’s commitment to transparency and accountability.

FAO’s Member States have an ongoing need for a holistic and sustainable international platform that provides the necessary tools and interventions inclusive of animal health emergency management. EMC-AH strategic action plan requires a substantial commitment of resources to implement the full range of proposed activities, and EMC-AH must maintain key personnel essential to carry out its objectives and components of the 2016-2019 FAO Strategic Framework that addresses increased resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises (Strategic Programme five [SP5]).

As a joint platform of FAO’s Animal Health Service and Emergency Response and Resilience Team, and in close collaboration with related partners and networks, EMC-AH is appropriately positioned to provide renewed leadership, coordination and action for global animal health emergencies.

Sudanese diplomat appointed as AU representative to China

September 3, 2018 (KHARTOUM) Head of the African Union Commission Moussa Faki Mahamat has announced the appointment of Ambassador Rahmat Allah Mohamed Osman as Permanent Representative of the AU to China, residing in Beijing.
Faki and the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Sunday inaugurated the AU office in Beijing on the sidelines of the China-Africa Cooperation Forum (FOCAC).
Osman joined the diplomatic corps in 1977 and was Sudan's permanent envoy to the United Nations from 2014 to (...)

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China commits $88 million in loans, grants to Sudan

September 2, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - The Chinese President Xi Jinping vowed to support Sudan to overcome its economic woes announcing his country would provide a 400 mln Yuan grant and a 200 mln Yuan interest-free loan to the East African nation.
The Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir has arrived in Beijing on Saturday to participate in the China-Africa Cooperation Forum (FOCAC). During his meeting with al-Bashir on Sunday, Xi Jinping said his country appreciates the harsh economic conditions (...)

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Sudan’s Bashir to attend China-Africa cooperation forum

August 30, 2018 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese President Omer Hassan al-Bashir will lead his country's delegation to the China-Africa Cooperation Forum (FOCAC) that will kick off in Beijing early next week.
The summit, expected to bring together top officials from 51 African nations, will be held under the theme "China and Africa: toward an even stronger community with a shared future through win-win cooperation".
The 3rd FOCAC summit will also witness the participation of the Chairperson of the (...)

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China to assume new humanitarian role in Sudan

August 24, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese Ambassador to Beijing Ahmed Shawir said China has started to provide humanitarian assistance to Sudan.
In an interview with the Sudan News Agency (SUNA), Shawir said China has extended $500,000 for voluntary organizations providing schools meals in Sudan.
He added the Chinese government provided farming equipment and machines to former rebels absorbed into the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes.
The envoy also said China (...)

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