Source: US Agency for International Development
Country: South Sudan, United States of America
Relief actor records at least 150 GBV cases in Bentiu during a 12-day period
UN records two aid worker deaths, 60 humanitarian access inciden…
GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN APPEAL AIMS TO REACH 93.6 MILLION PEOPLE WITH ASSISTANCE IN 2019
Crises affect more people, for longer, and conflict remains the main driver of humanitarian and protection needs. The Global Humanitarian Overview presents detailed, prioritized and costed plans for how the United Nations and partner organizations will respond worldwide
(Geneva, 4 December 2018) – The world is witnessing extremely high levels of humanitarian need driven primarily by armed conflicts that generate enormous suffering and displacement for years on end.
In 2019, nearly 132 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance. The United Nations and its partner organizations aim to assist 93.6 million of the most vulnerable with food, shelter, health care, emergency education, protection and other basic assistance, according to the Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 (GHO) presented by Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock today in Geneva.
Funding requirements for 2019 amount to US$21.9 billion. This figure does not include the financial requirements for Syria, which will be confirmed upon finalization of the 2019 Syria Humanitarian Response Plan. It is expected that total requirements, including those for Syria, will be comparable to current requirements of around $25 billion. Donors have this year provided a record $13.9 billion, as of mid-November, about 10 per cent more than at the same time in 2017, which was itself a record.
“Donors are increasingly generous, yet every year there is a gap between what is required and the funding received,” Mr. Lowcock said. “Early action and innovative financing, such as risk insurance and contingency financing, can help close this gap. Improved coordination with development programming in 2019 can also help reduce overall future requirements by tackling the root causes of humanitarian need and strengthening community resilience.”
Over recent years, the average length of Humanitarian Response Plans – the individual country plans which combined make up the annual GHO – have increased from 5.2 years in 2014 to 9.3 years in 2018. The numbers of people affected, and the financial requirements to meet their urgent needs, have also gone up year after year. Large, protracted crises have commanded the majority of resources. Between 2014 and 2018, the crises in Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Syria alone accounted for 55 per cent of all funding requested and received.
Natural disasters and climate change also have a high human cost. Disasters affect 350 million people on average each year and cause billions of dollars in damage.
The humanitarian community continues to deliver, more and better, and has reached tens of millions of people in 41 countries in 2018 through coordinated response plans. For example, every month humanitarians reach 8 million Yemenis with food assistance and 5.4 million people in Syria with supplies, medical assistance and protection. This is happening even as threats to the safety of aid workers are on the rise.
“The humanitarian system today is more effective than ever. We are better at identifying different groups’ specific needs and vulnerabilities and quicker to respond when disaster strikes.
“Response plans are now more inclusive, comprehensive, innovative and prioritized,” Mr. Lowcock said.
Affected people themselves have informed the coordinated response plans in face-to-face interviews and assessments are carried out at local community level. In addition, dedicated networks are active in at least 20 countries to protect people from sexual exploitation and abuse.
The Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 and World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018 documents are available online www.unocha.org/global-humanitarian-overview-2019
The refugee verification exercise that started in March 2018 by the Office of the Prime Minister and UNHCR has ended, revising the active registered population in Uganda to 1,154,352 individuals as of end of October 2018.
In October, over 6,536 refugees arrived from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), South Sudan and Burundi. Sixty per cent of refugees and host communities are children, who continue to be in need of essential services such as health, nutrition, WASH, child protection and education services, for their survival, development and well-being.
Over 7,000 children are benefitting from the recently concluded 33 multi-purpose education facilities completed in Arua and Yumbe.
Since the Ebola outbreak in Eastern DRC was declared on 1 August 2018, no cases have been reported in Uganda, largely as a result of intensive prevention and preparedness efforts by the Ministry of Health and partners, including UNICEF. Efforts have included risk communication activities that have reached nearly 400,000 people, including 135,000 children.
In October, a flood and landslide affected 13 villages in Bududa district, killing 43 people, including eight children.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Refugees: According to UNHCR and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), the refugee influx remains significant. OPM and UNHCR concluded the countrywide biometric verification exercise of all asylum seekers and refugees in Uganda on 24 October 2018; the active registered population in Uganda stands at 1,154,352 individuals as of end of October. Of these, 785,104 are refugees and asylum seekers from South Sudan, 284,265 from the DRC, 33,657 from Burundi and 51,326 from Somalia, Rwanda and other countries.
Representatives from the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD), UNICEF and the Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) attended a workshop in Addis Ababa in October aimed at improving leadership and collaboration of local actors to enhance coordination of child protection in preparedness and humanitarian response. As part of this, an Action Plan was developed highlighting key actions that the MGLSD will take on to strengthen coordination and leadership for child protection in emergencies at national and field levels. Moving forward, the MGLSD, as the technical ministry responsible for child protection in Uganda, will co-chair the Child Protection Sector Working Group for the refugee response with UNHCR and UNICEF, and will implement activities to strengthen coordination and emergency preparedness efforts.
The workshop was organised by the Child Protection Area of Responsibility and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, in association with the Global Partnership to End Violence against Children.
As of 26 October 2018, the Public Health Emergency Operations Centre of the Ministry of Health (MoH) had not reported any suspected or confirmed cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Uganda. The MoH and partners continue to intensify risk communication, social mobilization and surveillance, including at points of entry in 28 priority districts, as per the revised national EVD contingency plan, in six existing Ebola Treatment Centres (ETC) in Entebbe, Wakiso district; Naguru, Kampala district; Bundibugyo hospital; Ntoroko health centre 3; Rwebisengo and Bwera, in addition to 10 ETCs to be established in selected very high-risk districts along the border with DRC. Comprehensive surveillance continues in all communities, health facilities and at formal and informal border crossings in all districts, especially the 20 high-risk districts. Alert cases continue to be identified and isolated with blood samples taken for testing to the Uganda Virus Research Institute.
Cholera and other outbreaks
There has been a re-emergence of cholera in Hoima/Kikuube, two months after the second round of the Oral Cholera Vaccination (OCV) campaign. Two cases aged 20 years (female) and 27 years (male) were confirmed on culture and sensitivity both from Ndongo village in Kikuube district. Cases were found in the communities. This has been attributed to poor sanitation and lack of safe water. Additionally, 14 cases and six deaths of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) were reported between July and October in Kakumiro, Isingiro, Kiboga, Kiryandongo, Nakaseke and Sembabule districts; 14 cases of Anthrax with no deaths in Arua, Kiruhura, Isingiro and Kween districts; and 33 cases and 18 deaths of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) had been reported in 17 districts. A total of 264 measles cases were reported in 76 districts while 157 cases of Rubella were reported in 33 districts.
Floods and Landslides:
In October, a flood and subsequent landslide occurred in Bukalasi sub-county, Bududa district, affecting 13 villages, injuring 21 people, and killing 43, including eight children. Rescue teams from OPM and partners conducted search and recovery of the dead bodies and evacuated the injured. The 139 displaced households are currently hosted by neighbours, relatives and friends who were in safer areas, while the Government finalizes their resettlement. Road infrastructure, water and sanitation facilities, and education facilities were destroyed by the incident. Services at the available health facilities in the area are stretched in terms of human resources and medical supplies. According to URCS, more than 4,300 people (2,583 children) across Bududa, Namisindwa, Butalejja, and Manafwa districts in the Mt. Elgon region are at risk given the meteorological forecast of normal to above normal rainfall in most parts of the country until December 2018.
The Global Partnership for Education is to help fund multi-year education projects in Afghanistan, Myanmar and South Sudan.
The education systems of three developing countries will be strengthened by a multi-year funding boost of more than $200 million.
The Global Partnership for Education (GPE) – which focuses on helping some of the world’s most vulnerable children – is to give substantial grants for Afghanistan, Myanmar and South Sudan, which have all been affected by conflict.
Children living in conflict areas are at far greater risk of missing out on education – especially girls, who are more likely to drop out of school. More than 60% of GPE’s funding supports the education systems in countries affected by fragility and conflict.
The $209.4 million package almost doubles the amount the multilateral partnership has contributed this year. It has now given $430 million to improve children’s education in more than 40 developing countries and regions.
“Educating children in Afghanistan, Myanmar and South Sudan is critical to their countries’ long-term prosperity, peace and stability,” said GPE Board Chair Julia Gillard.
“These GPE partner countries have each suffered prolonged periods of conflict and instability, drastically impacting children’s chances to learn.”
GPE supports education in some of the world’s poorest countries. Its work is complemented by Education Cannot Wait (ECW), which helps children in humanitarian emergencies including conflicts and disasters.
The planned International Financing Facility for Education will work alongside GPE and ECW to create a new stream of finance for countries committed to education reform and investment..
Here’s how the newly-announced GPE grants will be used.
It will get $100 million over five years to increase access to basic education, especially for girls in provinces that lag behind the rest of the country.
The funding will be used to build new schools and get more children into school and improve their learning through better trained teachers and a new curriculum.
A results-based portion of the grant is dependent on improved transparency and accountability.
Will receive $73.7 million over four and a half years to support the country’s first national education sector plan. An estimated 23% of children between five and 16 – about 2.7 million – are not enrolled in school.
The grant will help improve the quality of learning and address the education needs of marginalised children. This includes channelling more resources to the most vulnerable schools and expanding non-formal education for out-of-school children.
Many of these out-of-school children are thought to be from ethnic minorities, internally displaced, low-income households or children with disabilities. $14 million of the total grant has been ring-fenced for Northern Rakhine state.
A grant of $35.7 million will support the country’s education sector over four years. With a third of its population displaced by conflict, the number of children not in school has significantly increased over the past two years.
GPE’s grant will support one million children by training teachers, developing new curriculum and textbooks and improving management, supervision and inspection systems.
Gender disparity in South Sudan is the highest in sub-Saharan Africa – so a special advocacy programme will focus on increasing girls’ enrolment in school.
Situation in Numbers
People are food insecure
(2018 Long Rains Assessment, August 2018)
Children are food insecure
(2018 Long Rains Assessment, August 2018)
Children under 5 in need of severe acute malnutrition treatment
(2018 Long Rains Assessment, August 2018)
UNICEF HAC Appeal 2018
*Funds available include funding received against current appeal as well as carry-forward from the previous year (US$ 5.5 million, which includes US$1.7 million for the refugee response).
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The Kenya Meteorological Department has reported that the onset of the October to December short rains was timely over most parts of the country. Very heavy rainfall was recorded towards the end of October, resulting in flash floods in the coastal strip and northern counties. This affected access to communities in Mandera during the measles campaign, which was thus extended by two days to end on 2 November 2018. November is normally the peak month for the short-rains season, and the forecast indicates that several parts of the country are likely to experience enhanced rainfall with the likelihood of flooding, landslides/mudslides in prone areas and outbreak of diseases normally associated with excessive water. According to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS), effects of floods including destruction of shelter, roads and water infrastructure and possible outbreaks of cholera, malaria, yellow fever and Rift Valley fever are expected in the coastal counties of Kwale, Tana River, Kilifi, Taita, Taveta and Lamu; western counties of Kisumu, Migori, Siaya, Busia and Homa Bay; north eastern counties of Garissa, Wajir and Mandera and upper eastern counties of Isiolo, Marsabit, Samburu; and North Rift counties of Baringo and Turkana.
According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET), the historically above-average 2018 March to May long rains have continued to drive food security improvements countrywide. With an average to above-average forecast for the October to December short rains, livelihood recovery from the severe 2016/2017 drought is expected to continue, however, majority of the poorest households are likely to take longer to recover, thus maintaining the pastoral areas in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) through to January 2019. In addition, critical global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels (15-29.9 per cent) are likely to be sustained to January 2019 in Mandera, Turkana, Samburu, parts of Baringo (East Pokot), and Marsabit (North Horr) counties, driven by various factors, including poor child care feeding practices and lack of suitable access to health facilities. Serious GAM levels (10-14.9 per cent) are anticipated in Wajir, Garissa, Isiolo, Laikipia, Tana River, and Marsabit (Laisamis) counties.
FACTS & FIGURES
6 million people are at crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity
2 million internally displaced people need humanitarian assistance
930 000 refugees, including 760 000 from South Sudan
2.3 million acutely malnourished children (source: UNICEF/MoH, OCHA, Aug. 2018)
EU humanitarian funding: €41 million in 2018
The European Union responds to a wide range of emergencies in Sudan, from conflict and population displacements to severe food insecurity and malnutrition. As the economic crisis – which has caused price inflation – continues, many vulnerable families are struggling to access food and essential services. Since 2011, the EU has provided €463 million for humanitarian partners working in Sudan.
What are the needs?
Sudan is the scene of both protracted and new humanitarian crises.
Fifteen years since the start of the Darfur crisis, 1.6 million people continue to live in camps in the region, while conflict also affects South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. At least 20 000 Sudanese were newly displaced in 2018. More than 195 000 refugees, 65% of them children, arrived from war-torn South Sudan in 2017. This brings the total number of refugees in the country to over 900 000, one of the highest in Africa. The majority of uprooted people and refugees rely on humanitarian aid for their survival and hundreds of thousands of children, especially in conflict-affected areas, continue to be out of school.
Drought and floods regularly affect large areas of the country, displacing thousands and destroying crops. Malnutrition rates in Sudan are among the highest in Africa. One in six children suffers from malnutrition, one in 20 children suffers from the most severe form of malnutrition, which is life-threatening and requires urgent treatment.
How are we helping?
Since 2011, the EU has provided €463 million for life-saving assistance to people affected by conflict, natural disasters, food insecurity and malnutrition, this sum includes €41 million committed in 2018. The EU acts on all fronts, assisting thousands of forcibly displaced people and refugees while also supporting the fight against malnutrition and addressing the impact of natural disasters such as floods and droughts.
In close collaboration with its humanitarian partners, the EU supports a principled and needs-based approach in Sudan which aims to reach the most-affected and vulnerable populations. The EU supports the provision of healthcare and nutrition treatment, water and sanitation, shelter, protection, emergency education, and food security.
EU humanitarian aid addresses the needs of conflict-affected people, with a focus on new emergencies. Among them is the mass refugee influx from South Sudan, and the high malnutrition levels in Jebel Marra, an area in the Darfur region where renewed conflict has occurred since early 2018 and accessible to humanitarian workers only recently.
With thousands of new arrivals from South Sudan each month, EU humanitarian funds help to organise the reception of the new refugees, ensure that they receive shelter and essential household goods, and are able to access basic services such as healthcare, safe water and sanitation facilities. In 2017, €1 million in humanitarian aid enabled 15 000 children to go to school. Half of the pupils were girls affected by conflict in Darfur and Kordofan,
Food assistance and nutrition account for the bulk of EU humanitarian aid in Sudan. In 2017, humanitarian partners succeeded in helping more than 220 000 children with severe malnutrition through specialised treatment and care. This included children in previously inaccessible communities of Jebel Marra. The EU contributes to the countrywide expansion of nutrition treatment and care.
The European Union’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations are run from offices in the capital Khartoum and in Nyala, the capital of South Darfur. EU humanitarian experts travel regularly to the field to assess the multitude of needs.
They also identify the gaps in the response and monitor projects carried out by their partners (international nongovernmental organisations, UN agencies, and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement).
As millions of people continue to be in need of humanitarian assistance in Sudan, the European Commission has announced an additional €18 million in emergency aid. This brings total EU humanitarian funding in Sudan for 2018 to €41 million.
“The EU is committed to help people in need in Sudan. Our new funding will get emergency aid to those displaced by conflict and deliver nutrition treatment for malnourished children. We will also support humanitarian air services, so that aid can reach people in areas which are difficult to access.” said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides.
The complex humanitarian crisis in Sudan is driven by conflict, forced displacement, food insecurity and undernutrition. Millions of people are internally displaced while Sudan also hosts more than 900 000 refugees. Most of the refugees are South Sudanese who have fled conflict and famine.
In close collaboration with its humanitarian partners, the EU assists thousands of forcibly displaced people and refugees while also supporting the fight against malnutrition and addressing the impact of natural disasters such as floods and droughts.
All EU humanitarian aid in Sudan is closely monitored and provided only through non-governmental organisations (NGOs), UN agencies, and international organisations. On top of addressing the most pressing humanitarian needs, the EU has strengthened coordination with development programmes in Sudan to respond more effectively to protracted crises linked to forced displacement and undernutrition.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs:
Since January 2018, Sudan is facing serious economic challenges. By the end of September, the annual inflation rate had reached nearly 70 per cent in 2018, leading to a continued rise in the cost of living and a decrease in purchasing power. The situation was further aggravated by shortages in basic commodities, particularly fuel, wheat flour, and pharmaceuticals, causing major disruption in basic service delivery, including electricity, education, health and WASH services. In response to this situation, the Sudanese government is accelerating the pace of economic reforms. The Government is also planning a 15-month economic austerity programme, which would likely see major cuts to sector budget allocations in 2019. In order to inform its evidence-based advocacy around the economic situation, UNICEF Country Office in Sudan with support from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Regional Office, has engaged expertise from an International Policy Centre to undertake an analysis of the impact of the current economic situation on children and families in Sudan, as well as to develop possible options and scenarios for scaling up social impact mitigation measures.
As of 27 October, 19,804 Chikungunya cases were reported from Kassala State, 172 cases from Red Sea State and 47 cases from AlGedaref State. Approximately, 7 per cent of the reported cases are children less than 5 years of age and 60 per cent are females. No deaths have been officially reported. Al-Gedaref state is however reporting zero cases since 15 October. The Chikungunya outbreak that affected Sudan eastern states since 8 August and reached a peak of daily reporting of 572 cases on the 1st of October is now progressively declining towards containment.