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Sudan: Sudan: Food Assistance Fact Sheet – Updated June 25, 2019

Source: US Agency for International Development
Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, United States of America

Continued political instability, increased food prices, and declining economic conditions are driving food insecurity in Sudan, where 5.8 m...

Uganda: UNICEF Uganda Humanitarian Situation Report – May 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Uganda

Highlights

  • Nearly 11,200 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and South Sudan arrived in Uganda in May, bringing the total population of new arrivals since January 2019 to approximately 44,000 people.

  • With UNICEF support, over 18,800 children were immunized against measles in refugee-hosting districts.

  • Over 412,000 children aged 6-59 months have received Vitamin A supplementation in West Nile since the beginning of the year.

  • Following several months of dry weather that threatened crop and livelihoods in eastern Uganda, rainfall levels increased towards the end of May. However, severe food insecurity—particularly in the regions of Karamoja and Teso—is ongoing.

  • Since the start of the year, over 8,000 children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in Karamoja and across 12 refugee-hosting districts have been treated for SAM by the Government of Uganda (GoU) with support from UNICEF.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs.

Refugees

Uganda remains the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa with over 1.2 million refugees and asylum-seekers, according to UNHCR and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM). Approximately 815,831 people are from South Sudan, 339,476 from the DRC, 39,647 from Burundi, and 29,170 from Somalia. Over 44,000 refugees from South Sudan and DRC arrived in the period January to May 2019.
Despite the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) on 11 September 2018, the humanitarian situation in the country remains grave, with UNHCR, OPM, UNICEF, and other partners preparing for a possible surge in refugee arrivals from the Equatoria region of the country in the wake of reports of deteriorating security conditions. Preliminary reports indicate that a majority of South Sudanese in Uganda are not willing to return home due to insecurity, generalized violence, and a lack of political stability. UNICEF and humanitarian partners are continuing to prepare for a similar surge in new arrivals from eastern DRC due to security concerns.
In May, OPM, UNHCR, and partners launched the revised Refugee Response Plan (RRP) for Uganda for 2019-2020, calling for more funding to support refugees and host communities given anticipated increases in the refugee population (from 1.25 million to 1.3 million) by the end of 2020. The plan, which stands at US$ 927 million for 2019 alone, was revised downwards following verification of the numbers of refugees registered in Uganda in 2018.1 The plan articulates ongoing needs to support emergency response, restoration of the environment, and support to livelihoods.

Disease Outbreaks

Ebola Preparedness and Response: By the end of May 2019, the Public Health Emergency Operations Centre at the Ministry of Health (MoH) had not reported any suspected or confirmed cases of EVD in Uganda. However, by 11 June, there were three confirmed EVD cases in Kasese district in Uganda. The three individuals had travelled to Uganda from the DRC, and all three have since died. The UNICEF response to the confirmed cases of Ebola is being reported in a separate EVD Situation Report. The EVD section of this report relates to UNICEF’s preparedness efforts in May.
Uganda remains the most at risk country in the region for cross border importation of EVD. Since August 2018, UNICEF, in partnership with the Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) and district health teams, has supported MoH in reaching over 2.3 million persons with information on Ebola prevention, control, reporting, and care-seeking through approximately 340,000 household visits and 14,000 community group meetings at primary schools, churches and mosques, market places, bus stops, and funeral gatherings.
Measles Outbreaks: A total of 91 districts (71 per cent of all districts in the country) have investigated at least one suspected case of measles in their jurisdiction. The Ministry of Health has tasked all districts with conducting active searches for measles cases in their health facilities and communities to increase detection and reporting. In May, UNICEF supported the government in immunizing a total of 18,882 children against measles, bringing UNICEF’s achievement against the 2019 target to 30 per cent.
Yellow Fever Virus: In May 2019, MoH declared a yellow fever outbreak after cases were reported in Masaka and Koboko districts, in central and northern Uganda respectively. The rapid response teams of the MoH, in collaboration with district teams, conducted contact tracing and monitoring of line-listed contacts of the index cases. Additionally, MoH drafted a request to the International Coordination Group on vaccines for a reactive campaign in the two affected districts.

Hydro-Meteorological Conditions

Dry Conditions in Karamoja and Teso Regions: Regional monitoring reports show that rainfall from March to mid-May was below 80 percent of the country’s average, delaying planting by four to six weeks in north-eastern Uganda.2 By mid-May, above-average rainfall was reported in the northeast, which may nevertheless produce below-average yields in much of the region. By the end of May, pastoralist populations were reported to have returned to the area after having left in search of pasture and water earlier in the year. The situation continues to be monitored, with UNICEF’s main concern being the overuse of and stress on existing boreholes during the extended dry season, which has led to extensive mechanical failures with the infrastructure.

South Sudan: UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report – May 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

Highlights

  • On 03 May, leadership of the parties to the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) unanimously agreed to extend the Pre-Transitional period by six months after its original date of conclusion on 12 May 2019 to create more time to complete ongoing and pending tasks yet to be completed during the original Pre-Transitional period.

  • The second round of the national Polio immunization campaign was implemented from 30 April to 06 May, targeting 3,158,099 children, the administration data showed that 3,232,687 children were vaccinated, the post campaign evaluation survey coverage is 91 per cent.

  • As of January 2019, a total of 2,732,892 children 6-59 months were reached with vitamin A, surpassing the 2019 target. A similar coverage of 100 per cent of the annual target was also achieved for deworming of children 12-59 months with 2,237,249 children reached.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

According to the January 2019 integrated food security phase classification (IPC) projections for May to July 2019, the total number of people in crisis (IPC phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse is projected to 6.87 million people or 60 per cent of the population with an estimated 50,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). In 2019, about 860,000 children under five are estimated to be acutely malnourished including 259,000 of severe acute malnutrition (SAM).
To reach 2019 targets and to be ready to respond for the first quarter 2020, UNICEF Nutrition Programme needs to mobilize US$ 42 million before September 2019 for procurement of Ready-To-Use Therapeutic food (RUTF) and frontline cost of the programme. There is risk for RUTF pipeline break during the last quarter of 2019 or early 2020, if UNICEF fails to mobilize adequate resources before September 2019; highlighting the urgent need for donor support to avoid a pipeline break for life saving nutrition interventions.
In May, UNICEF and partners have faced an increasing number of challenges with bureaucratic impediments, operational interference and access restrictions for the delivery of humanitarian services. In April, the Ministry of Health introduced a new harmonized incentive scale to create consistency and equity across different cadres of health workers. While the new incentive scale has increased incentives for some workers and expanded the number of health facility staff receiving incentives, some have seen their incentives decrease. In many cases, those who have seen their incentives decrease have initiated strikes, leading to the closure of the health facilities and a lack of health services to the population. While the number of health facilities closed has fluctuated (with some returning to work and others starting to strike), at its peak, 75 health facilities supported by UNICEF in Jongeli and Upper Nile were closed due to the strike. By the end of the month, 35 health facilities are closed, limiting health services to almost 1 million people.
UNICEF, together with the health cluster, donors, state and opposition authorities, are engaging with health facility staff to have them return to work pending further discussions on the new incentives and the regularization of salaries for all health workers.
State and non-state civilian authorities, as well as local youth groups, are increasing the number of bureaucratic impediments placed on humanitarian actors and attempting to interfere in operational decisions by humanitarian actors. In Malakal, state authorities have increased the rate of different airport fees, increasing the costs for UNICEF and partners to operate in Upper Nile. Similarly, opposition authorities in Tonga have requested visiting humanitarian actors to stay at pre-designated hotels rather than humanitarian compounds, and demanded hiring be done locally rather than bringing national staff from other parts of the country. Similarly, in Pibor (Jongeli) and Yambio (Western Equatoria), youth groups have sent threatening letters demanding national staff from Juba be replaced with staff from the local population. UNICEF and the NGO Forum are working to address these impediments together with national state and opposition authorities to ensure operational independence.
While physical access in much of the country remains possible due to the decrease in both armed hostilities and active denials of access for UNICEF and partners, violence in several parts of the country are limiting humanitarian operations.
In southern Central Equatoria, sporadic fighting between the South Sudan Peoples Defense Force (SSPDF – formerly the SPLA) and the National Salvation Front (NAS – a non-signatory to the peace agreement) continues to impede both regular humanitarian activities and EVD preparedness efforts outside of Yei town. However, UNICEF and OCHA continue to negotiate access with all parties to conflict and are gradually expanding operations in new areas outside of Yei. In Warrap, a dramatic increase in inter-communal clashes has led to restrictions on many key transport routes around Rumbek, hindering the movement of humanitarian cargo and programme activities.

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Situation Report #248, 21 June 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: South Sudan, Uganda

Highlights

• A record number of people – 6.9 million, or more than 60 percent of South Sudan’s entire population – do not know where their next meal will come from as hunger peaks during the l...

World: UAE providing sustainable solutions to refugee crisis: Hamdan bin Zayed

Source: Emirates News Agency
Country: Bangladesh, Myanmar, South Sudan, Uganda, World

ABU DHABI, 20th June, 2019 (WAM) -- H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler's Representative in Al Dhafra Region, Chairman of the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, has reiterated the paramount importance attached by the UAE to resolving the refugee crisis across the globe.

In remarks marking the World Refugee Day, an international observance on June 20 each year, Sheikh Hamdan said the UAE leadership is following in the footsteps of late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan by consistently working on introducing sustainable solutions to the untold suffering experienced by refugees and displaced people in various parts of the world.

He hailed the initiatives launched by H.H. Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak, Chairwoman of the General Women's Union, President of the Supreme Council for Motherhood and Childhood, and Supreme Chairwoman of the Family Development Foundation, to empower refugee women economically and socially through the implementation of developmental programmes that help them survive their suffering and dilemmas and enable them to meet their essential needs.

"The UAE will remain a protective shield for refugees, easing their suffering and maintaining their dignity," Sheikh Hamdan added, emphasising on the colossal efforts made by the UAE to restore stability and security in conflict zones and border areas where refugees and internally displaced people, IDP, are living.

He urged the internationally community to exert more significant efforts to provide refugees with better living conditions, noting that the recent years saw increasing numbers of refugees and IDPs as a result of the eruption of bitter conflicts and crises in a number of countries around the globe that resulted in the alarming illegitimate immigration of hundreds of thousands of peoples.

He called for unifying international and regional efforts to improve refugees' living conditions, citing the myriad humanitarian initiatives launched by the UAE on this score, including, but not limited to, the recent 'UAE for Rohingya Women and Children" charity campaign and the strategic partnership between the Emirates Red Crescent and the UNHCR.

Sheikh Hamdan said the $1 million agreement signed last April between the ERC and the UN Refugee Agency aimed to assist Southern Sudan Refugees so that they can establish themselves in Uganda.

The ERC highlighted the importance of such types of projects to empowering refugees economically and encouraging them to work, develop and benefit from their skills, as well as enabling them to continue living with determination.

The Fund for Refugee Women-funded project will provide opportunities for refugees from Southern Sudan to work productively in agricultural and livestock programmes. The project benefited more than 45,000 refugees, with 60 percent of them being women.

The UNHCR says in a world where violence forces thousands of families to flee for their lives each day, the time is now to show that the global public stands with refugees.

The theme for World Refugee Day 2019 is #StepWithRefugees Take A Step on World Refugee Day and focuses on the need to take big and small steps in solidarity with refugees from around the world.

The event honours the courage and determination of those who have been forced to flee their homes.

A record 70.8 million people fled war, persecution and conflict in 2018, according to UNHCR.

WAM/Hatem Mohamed/Tariq alfaham/Hassan Bashir

South Sudan: South Sudan – Factsheet (Last updated 14/06/2019)

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Uganda

Introduction

Following a peace deal, the creation of a transitional government has been postponed to November 2019. Although the deal holds, there are regular clashes between non-signatories and the main parties to the conflict, and violence between communities is on the increase. More than 7 million South Sudanese need urgent humanitarian assistance. An unprecedented number of them face severe food shortages. The man-made crisis in South Sudan has far-reaching consequences for its neighbours. More than 2 million South Sudanese have fled across borders. The EU is a long-standing donor of impartial humanitarian aid to the people in need in South Sudan.

What are the needs?

Years of conflict and economic collapse have caused mass displacement among civilians. Widespread destruction has ruined livelihoods and trade. More than half of the population requires emergency food assistance. In 2019, nearly 2 million people – including young children, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers - are at risk of acute malnourishment. Six million people need help accessing safe water and hygiene.

The national health system is weakened by years of conflict and is ill-prepared to manage disease outbreaks. The first quarter of 2019 saw a significant rise in measles outbreaks. Furthermore, there is concern that the Ebola epidemic could spread across borders from neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo. The healthcare system needs support to provide basic quality services, increase immunisation coverage, and better prepare for outbreaks. With more than 2 million children deprived of education, South Sudan has one of the highest proportions of out-of-school children in the world.

The crisis is characterised by serious violations and abuses against civilians. These include sexual violence and child recruitment into armed forces. The conflict has triggered a mass exodus to Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Sudan. One third of the South Sudanese population continues to live in displacement, either as refugees or in other parts of the country itself.

How are we helping?

In 2019, the European Union allocated €49.5 million in support of humanitarian action in South Sudan. In 2018, it also provided €47.3 million to help South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries. Since 2014, the EU has contributed more than €551 million in aid in South Sudan.

Protection of children and women is a priority for the EU given the extreme levels of violence and the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war. In 2018, EU’s humanitarian partners were able to secure the release of almost 1 000 children from the ranks of armed groups.

The EU prioritises support to emergency teams that have the flexibility to act quickly and respond to new crises in different parts of the country. These teams provide people with shelter, food assistance, protection services and assistance, healthcare, water and sanitation, essential household items and education. Of the nearly 2 million internally displaced people, 182 000 live in sites next to UN peacekeeping bases, in so-called protection of civilian sites. The EU supports agencies for the provision of basic services, shelter and protection in these camps.

With emergency levels of malnutrition across the country, the EU is helping to expand food assistance and nutrition interventions in hard-to-reach areas, particularly in the Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Equatoria regions. EU humanitarian funds support the acquisition and distribution of nutrition products including ready-to-use therapeutic foods for the treatment of malnourished children and mothers.

Since 2018, the EU is also contributing to actions in South Sudan aimed at the strengthening of Ebola prevention and preparedness actions in the country. In 2019, the EU has contributed €1 million in support for such measures.
More than 115 aid workers have been killed since the start of the civil war in 2013 and insecurity continues to hamper access to people in need. The EU has repeatedly called on all parties to grant unhindered, safe and sustained access for humanitarians to all parts of the country and to eliminate impediments to aid.

More than 2 million South Sudanese have fled to neighbouring countries. The EU helps refugees with food assistance, shelter, health and nutritional care, psychosocial assistance, and education. About half of all South Sudanese refugees are below the age of eighteen and many are unaccompanied (without parents or not under the care of an adult). The EU funds specific programmes aimed at better protecting minors, those at risk of sexual and gender-based violence, and other vulnerable people.

South Sudan: South Sudan: €48.5 million in additional EU humanitarian aid

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: South Sudan

Brussels, 20 June 2019

Despite a recent peace deal, humanitarian needs remain high in South Sudan with nearly two million people internally displaced and almost seven million in need of emergency food aid.

To help the most vulnerable in the country, the European Commission today announces €48.5 million in humanitarian assistance. This comes on top of last week's €1 million to step up Ebola prevention in the country.

“The EU continues to stand by people in need in South Sudan. Today on World Refugee Day let us not forget the 4 million South Sudanese who remain uprooted, either within their country or as refugees in the region. Our new funding will help partners save lives on the ground. It is therefore essential that humanitarian workers have full and safe access to do their lifesaving job. While humanitarian support is a matter of urgency, ultimately only a solid commitment to restore peace and stability can bring a long-lasting solution," said Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management.

The EU-funded humanitarian projects will address, in particular:

the protection of the most vulnerable, including displaced people in the country, women, and children;
the provision of food and nutrition assistance to families in need;
the provision of basic health care in hard-to-reach areas, and the prevention of epidemic outbreaks, and
the setting up and running of accelerated education programmes for children who lost out on years of schooling in conflict-affected areas, giving them a safe environment and a chance for a better future.
Since 2014, the EU has contributed more than €551 million in aid in South Sudan. EU support has helped provide food assistance, protection services and assistance, healthcare, water and sanitation, essential household items and education to those most in need.

Background

Humanitarian needs in South Sudan stand at unprecedented levels since 2013, the year when civil war broke out. A third of the South Sudanese population are now internally displaced, with a further 2.3 million having found refuge in neighbouring countries. The conditions are not yet in place allowing for displaced people's assisted return to their homes and for them to rebuild their lives. Outside of the country, the EU continues to provide life-saving assistance to South Sudanese refugees and their host communities in the region.Thanks to a recent peace deal, albeit fragile, violence has significantly reduced in South Sudan. The situation, however, remains volatile and an upsurge of hostilities in Yei River State at the beginning of 2019 led to new displacement.

Press contacts:

Carlos MARTIN RUIZ DE GORDEJUELA (+32 2 296 53 22)
Daniel PUGLISI (+32 2 296 91 40)
General public inquiries: Europe Direct by phone 00 800 67 89 10 11 or by email

South Sudan: UNHCR South Sudan Factsheet – May 2019

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan

25,400+ Refugee children were vaccinated in refugee camps in Upper Nile and Unity

9,000+ Refugee children and mothers received nutritional support in Upper Nile

4,500+ Refugees and IDPs participated in SGBV trainings/awareness sessions

Working with Partners in 2019

■ UNHCR works closely with the Government of South Sudan to deliver assistance and protection services to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).

■ In the refugee response, the main government counterparts are the Ministry of Interior and the Commission for Refugee Affairs (CRA). Implementing partners in 2019 are: Action Africa Help International (AAHI), Africa Humanitarian Action (AHA), Association of Christian Resource Organisation Serving Sudan (ACROSS), Agence d'Aide à la Coopération Technique et au Développement (ACTED), CARE International, Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Humanitarian Development Consortium (HDC), International Medical Corps (IMC), International Rescue Committee (IRC), Lutheran World Federation (LWF), Relief International (RI), Samaritan’s Purse (SP), Save the Children International (SCI), United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR), Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS), and World Vision International (WVI).

■ In the IDP response, the main government counterpart is the Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC). Implementing partners in 2019 are: Action Africa Help International (AAHI), United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR), Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Humanity & Inclusion (HI), Humanitarian Development Consortium (HDC), INTERSOS, Nile Hope, Hope Restoration (HRSS), Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS), Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and Women Development Group (WDG), IsraAID, and International Rescue Committee (IRC).

■ Within the Inter-Agency Cluster System for IDP response, UNHCR in South Sudan is the Protection Cluster Lead (with NRC co-lead), Co-Lead of the CCCM Cluster along with IOM and ACTED, and undertakes active participation in the Shelter/NFI Cluster.

■ On the prevention of statelessness, UNHCR’s main counterpart is the Directorate of Nationality, Passports, and Immigration (DNPI).

■ UNHCR maintains operational partnerships with CAFOD, Caritas, Catholic Medical Mission Board (CMMB), FAO, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), MEDAIR, Médecins Sans Frontières (France, Belgium, Swiss, Holland), Mentor Initiative, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), OXFAM, REACH, UNAIDS, UNOCHA, UN-Habitat, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNMAS, UNMISS, WFP, WHO, Women for Women International and UN Women.

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