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Posts published in “Coordination”

World: To Walk the Earth in Safety (2019): January – December 2018, 18th Edition – Documenting the United States’ Commitment to Conventional Weapons Destruction

Source: US Department of State
Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Estonia, Georgia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Palau, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

A Message From Deputy Assistant Secretary Marik String

This 18th Edition of To Walk the Earth In Safety summarizes the United States’ Conventional Weapons Destruction (CWD) programs in 2018. CWD assistance provides the United States with a powerful and flexible tool to help partner countries manage their stockpiles of munitions, destroy excess small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) and clear explosive hazards such as landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and unexploded ordnance (UXO). Our assistance also helps countries destroy illicitly-held or poorlysecured man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and mitigate their threat to civilian aviation and public safety.

In today’s dynamic world, threats to U.S. national security abound. The work carried out by the Department of State’s Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/ WRA) through its CWD programs is essential to protecting civilians and advancing our nation’s interests. From my work as a Reserve Naval Officer and as a staff member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, I understand the need for a robust effort to secure weapons so they do not fall into the hands of nefarious actors.

Stockpiles of excess, poorly-secured, or otherwise at-risk conventional weapons remain a serious challenge to peace and prosperity in many countries. Poorly-secured munitions are illicitly diverted to terrorists and other destabilizing actors. Explosive hazards continue to kill and maim people long after conflicts have ended, preventing the safe return of displaced people and suppressing economic opportunities that are crucial to prosperity and political stability. As long as these dangers persist, it is difficult for communities to recover from conflict.

Since late 2015, the United States and our partners in the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS have cleared IEDs from critical infrastructure in Iraq and Syria including hospitals, schools, and water pumping stations, facilitating the flow of hundreds of millions of dollars in stabilization assistance and humanitarian aid into liberated areas. In this regard, explosive hazard clearance serves as an essential enabler for follow-on stabilization and humanitarian assistance. CWD programs such as this lay the foundation for long-term benefits. U.S. humanitarian demining assistance to Vietnam began in 1993 and helped set the stage for our current bilateral relationship. In the near term, across Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia, CWD programs focused on excess and poorly-secured weapons have helped keep those weapons out of the hands of criminals and terrorists.

Since 1993, the United States has provided more than $3.4 billion in CWD assistance to over 100 countries. In 2018, we had active CWD programs in 59 countries. These programs are implemented by commercial contractors, nongovernmental organizations, and international organizations.

United States CWD programs are tied to key U.S. foreign policy priorities and play a direct role in keeping U.S. citizens and our allies safe, while also clearing the way for a stable, secure, and prosperous future in countries that are key to U.S. security interests. Thanks to the U.S. Congress’ bipartisan support and generosity of the American people, we can attest that our goal remains a future in which all may walk the earth in safety.

MARIK STRING
Deputy Assistant Secretary
Political-Military Affairs

World: 9 ways to create a more evidence-based humanitarian response

Source: Global Humanitarian Assistance programme (Development Initiatives)
Country: South Sudan, World
By Sam Mednick // 04 July 2019

JUBA, South Sudan — According to the U.N.’s International Organization for Migration, which was one of the first bodi...

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Country Brief, May 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

In Numbers

25,184 mt of food and nutrition assistance distributed*

US$ 1.78 m in cash-based transfers made*

US$ 202.2 m six months (June - November 2019) net fundin...

South Sudan: The Ministers signed the Multilateral Cross-border MOU to enhance animal disease control among Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda and finalized the Implementation Framework to operationalize the MOU

Source: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Uganda
3-5th July, 2019 (Entebbe, Uganda): IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) with financial support from USAID and FAO/South Sudan...

Ethiopia: UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #5 – Reporting Period: May 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan

Highlights

  • Failed spring rains this year in parts of Afar, Amhara, Oromia and Somali regions have renewed concerns about another drought affecting children, further compounding vulnerabilities in regions already suffering from chronic food insecurity, prolonged and complex population displacements, and increased risks to outbreaks of cholera and measles. These regions also have over-stretched health care systems, poor access to water, and recurrent outbreaks of preventable diseases.

  • As of April 2019, UNICEF has supported the screening and admission of 110,826 children under the age of five for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) treatment and the numbers are expected to grow with the projected drought in the country.

  • UNICEF Ethiopia urgently requires US$ 5.4 million to replenish its nutrition commodities pipeline for the expected surge in severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2019. In addition, US$ 2.45 million is required to rehabilitate 35 water schemes and provide durable safe water and sanitation for the most vulnerable children, including displaced children, in drought affected areas.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) and the Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) report that there is increased likelihood of drier than normal conditions for much of Ethiopia from June to September 2019. An early cessation of rains in eastern Ethiopia is also expected, potentially resulting in long dry spells. Despite some revitalization of water points for livestock and human consumption in some woredas1 in the Somali region, Borena and Guji zones of Oromia region, and South Omo zone of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region (SNNPR) due to the Gu/Genna2 seasonal rainfall, improvements in livestock body conditions and productivity are not expected until the Deyr/Hageya season in October 2019.

Food security is expected to deteriorate in southern and south-eastern pastoral areas due to the poor performance of the Gu/Genna rains. These pastoral areas will remain in crisis (IPC Phase 3), with a risk of increased malnutrition. In addition, 190 cholera cases have been reported in Amhara plus 11 in Oromia regions since the start of the rainy season, further straining already under-resourced health systems.

Following the announcement of the Government-led strategic plan for the return and relocation of conflict-displaced people in April 2019, the Government has already implemented the first phase, with the reported return of over 1.4 million4 internally displaced people (IDPs) to their places of origin.

In the West Guji zone, Oromia region, Protection Monitoring Teams are reporting significant protection concerns among the returnees, especially for girls and women (over 51 per cent) and children (61 per cent) who are residing in temporary sites in their kebeles of origin and are vulnerable to exploitation, abuse and neglect. Children continue to be at risk of separation from their caregivers during the return process, with 594 children currently reported to be unaccompanied and separated, all of whom require family reunification services. Furthermore, the IDPs and returnees are hosted in drought-affected areas, thus exposing children to food insecurity. An increase in SAM among returnee children has been noted and more cases are expected as drought and displacements continue to compound existing vulnerabilities.

Without adequate investments in early actions in the drought-affected areas, children are exposed to increased vulnerabilities to disease outbreaks, malnutrition, and morbidity due to limited access to essential health care services and sanitation. Children are further exposed to exploitation and abuse, child marriage and child labour as a negative coping strategy, increased school dropouts and a decrease in regular school attendance due to migration for economic reasons and potential school closures. Investments in early actions for children in pastoral communities, such as the provision of fodder and water, restocking and veterinary care of livestock, are critical as children’s milk intake in these areas could fall by 90 per cent with livestock depletion, leading to SAM.

South Sudan: IOM South Sudan Monthly Update – May 2019

Source: International Organization for Migration
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

SITUATION OVERVIEW

In May, inter-communal violence continued to displace thousands from Jur River County. IOM continued to coordinate a multi-sect...

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