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South Sudan: South Sudan Situation Report, 28 Jun 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan


  • More than 3,300 internally displaced people return to Baliet County, Upper Nile
  • Almost 7 million people facing critical lack of food
  • South Sudan appeals for $12 million to prevent Ebola
  • Lack of water displaces thousands of people to Mogos, Kapoeta East, Eastern Equatoria
  • Increased food pre-positioning as the rainy season starts


More than 3,300 internally displaced people return to Baliet County, Upper Nile

A total of 3,324 internally displaced people, mainly women and children, have returned from Melut to their places of origin in Baliet County in Upper Nile. The return exercise was conducted between 7 and 28 May 2019, spearheaded by the Upper Nile Solutions Working Group. The joint approach involving humanitarian organizations, UNMISS and the government helped minimize the cost of the return and was the first movement of displaced people of this scale out of a settlement site in Upper Nile.

The effort to relocate the families followed an appeal by IDPs in five settlements in Melut town to the government to be returned to their homes. The reasons cited by the displaced people included family reunion and relatively improved security situation in most parts of Upper Nile, including Baliet County. Due to the lack of resources to relocate the IDPs, the government requested UNHCR to facilitate the exercise. UNHCR conducted surveys and verification exercises to ascertain people’s intentions.

Humanitarian organizations provided trucks for the movement of the displaced people and a three month food ration, essential household items and emergency shelter, and sanitation and hygiene materials. In addition, access to health, education, safe water and livelihood opportunities, including fishing and agriculture, were scaled up to ensure the returnees could easily reintegrate with their host communities.

Other response activities prior to the movement included setting up transit sites and sensitizing the host community on peaceful co-existence. The road through which the convoy travelled and the return areas were assessed by a mine action team, which also provided mine education to the returnees on arrival.

The government ensured the safety and security of the displaced people during the return process. In Baliet, local authorities assisted in managing the reception sites and provided warehouse facilities free of charge for temporary storage of humanitarian supplies. The authorities issued a letter of assurance prior to the exercise and ensured that there were no checkpoints along the road.

The host communities and community leaders played an important role in receiving the returnees. They ensured that everyone, including persons with special needs, received due attention and were assisted in a proper manner.


Almost 7 million people facing critical lack of food

The number of people likely to face acute food insecurity in South Sudan by the end of July has risen to the highest level yet, with an estimated 6.96 million people – 61 per cent of the South Sudanese population – affected, UN agencies have warned.

According to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), by the end of July, 21,000 people will face a catastrophic lack of food access.

Another 1.82 million people will be a step away from catastrophic food insecurity. Further, over 5 million people will face Crisis levels of food insecurity.

About 81,000 more people than originally estimated in a January forecast for May to July are facing Crisis levels of food insecurity or worse, particularly in Jonglei, Lakes, Unity and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.

Poor harvest in 2018 meant that the lean season – when people do not have enough food stocks to eat – started earlier this year. Delayed seasonal rains, that came in late May, compounded the situation. South Sudan’s harvest is largely dependent on rains.

Persistent economic instability, the impacts of previous years of conflict, and related asset depletion and population displacements have added to the disruption of livelihoods and reduced people's access to food.

“This update to the IPC reveals that much more work needs to be done. The recovery of food production and increased yields in South Sudan are reliant on the maintenance of peace, and must be given a chance,” said Meshack Malo, the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Representative in South Sudan.

“With greater stability in the country, access to those in need has improved, allowing us to treat more than 100,000 children suffering from severe malnutrition in the first five months of the year, with more than 90 per cent of those children recovering,” said Mohamed Ag Ayoya, UNICEF’s Representative in South Sudan. “But malnutrition levels remain critical in many areas and our fear is that the situation could worsen in the coming months.”

“The hunger season coincides with the rainy season and that’s a perfect storm in South Sudan,” said Ronald Sibanda, WFP’s Country Director in South Sudan. “As we ramp up our response, the race is now against time and nature – we must act now to save the lives and livelihoods of the millions on the brink of starvation.”

The three UN agencies called for effective implementation of the late-2018 revitalized peace agreement to allow scaled-up humanitarian assistance and to boost agricultural production across the country.


South Sudan appeals for $12 million to prevent Ebola On 13 June, the Ministry of Health together with the United Nations and its partners launched an updated Ebola Virus Disease preparedness plan to prevent the disease spreading from neighbouring countries and prepare for a possible outbreak in the country. The plan requires $12.2 million and will be implemented between April and September 2019.

The launch occurred only two days after the first Ebola case was confirmed in neighbouring Uganda, and more cases have been confirmed since. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the number of cases has surpassed 2,000. The World Health Organization has assessed the risk of the disease spreading to South Sudan as ‘very high.’ Prioritized activities in the plan include improving the existing surveillance system with a greater focus on community-based surveillance, scaling up training for front-line health workers, increasing the number of isolation units, and expanding risk communication and community mobilization. In addition, a 72-hour outbreak response and containment plan and vaccine readiness strategy will be put in place. “The cases in Uganda were detected early, thanks to the preparedness measures in place. [This] sends the message that investing in prevention and preparedness is not only the right thing to do, it is the smart thing to do,” said acting Humanitarian Coordinator for the United Nations in South Sudan, Dr. Olushayo Olu. “The cost of a fully-fledged outbreak is staggering compared to prevention, and would include immense human suffering, long-term economic damage, and further depletion of an already weak healthcare system. We cannot allow it to happen.”


Lack of water displaces thousands of people to Mogos, Kapoeta East, Eastern Equatoria

Humanitarian organizations report that up to 5,700 people have been displaced from Lopeat and Kassengor to Mogos, in Kapoeta East County, due to a chronic lack of water and other basic services.
The people, mainly women and children, are said to be living in makeshift shelters under trees. "We ran to this place because of lack of water in our village. Children are drinking and washing with dirty water. Many children have diarrhoea and coughs and there are no medicines," said one woman in Mogos.
In addition to water and health services, the people’s main needs are food, emergency shelter and essential household supplies.
Kapoeta East is projected to be facing ‘emergency’ food insecurity (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Phase 4) in the May-July period, even in the presence of humanitarian food assistance.
Humanitarian organizations plan to increase response in the area. A key priority is to ensure the population has access to safe water by distributing water purification materials and water containers, and repairing hand pumps.
Prior to the displacement, more than 4,500 people out of the 5,700 displaced people received a 15-day food assistance ration in Lopeat and Kassengor. Food distribution to the same people will continue until July. Health care and nutrition services, including screening and treatment of severe and moderate acute malnutrition, are ongoing.

South Sudan: UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report – May 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan


  • On 03 May, leadership of the parties to the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) unanimously agreed to extend the Pre-Transitional period by six months after its original date of conclusion on 12 May 2019 to create more time to complete ongoing and pending tasks yet to be completed during the original Pre-Transitional period.

  • The second round of the national Polio immunization campaign was implemented from 30 April to 06 May, targeting 3,158,099 children, the administration data showed that 3,232,687 children were vaccinated, the post campaign evaluation survey coverage is 91 per cent.

  • As of January 2019, a total of 2,732,892 children 6-59 months were reached with vitamin A, surpassing the 2019 target. A similar coverage of 100 per cent of the annual target was also achieved for deworming of children 12-59 months with 2,237,249 children reached.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

According to the January 2019 integrated food security phase classification (IPC) projections for May to July 2019, the total number of people in crisis (IPC phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse is projected to 6.87 million people or 60 per cent of the population with an estimated 50,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). In 2019, about 860,000 children under five are estimated to be acutely malnourished including 259,000 of severe acute malnutrition (SAM).
To reach 2019 targets and to be ready to respond for the first quarter 2020, UNICEF Nutrition Programme needs to mobilize US$ 42 million before September 2019 for procurement of Ready-To-Use Therapeutic food (RUTF) and frontline cost of the programme. There is risk for RUTF pipeline break during the last quarter of 2019 or early 2020, if UNICEF fails to mobilize adequate resources before September 2019; highlighting the urgent need for donor support to avoid a pipeline break for life saving nutrition interventions.
In May, UNICEF and partners have faced an increasing number of challenges with bureaucratic impediments, operational interference and access restrictions for the delivery of humanitarian services. In April, the Ministry of Health introduced a new harmonized incentive scale to create consistency and equity across different cadres of health workers. While the new incentive scale has increased incentives for some workers and expanded the number of health facility staff receiving incentives, some have seen their incentives decrease. In many cases, those who have seen their incentives decrease have initiated strikes, leading to the closure of the health facilities and a lack of health services to the population. While the number of health facilities closed has fluctuated (with some returning to work and others starting to strike), at its peak, 75 health facilities supported by UNICEF in Jongeli and Upper Nile were closed due to the strike. By the end of the month, 35 health facilities are closed, limiting health services to almost 1 million people.
UNICEF, together with the health cluster, donors, state and opposition authorities, are engaging with health facility staff to have them return to work pending further discussions on the new incentives and the regularization of salaries for all health workers.
State and non-state civilian authorities, as well as local youth groups, are increasing the number of bureaucratic impediments placed on humanitarian actors and attempting to interfere in operational decisions by humanitarian actors. In Malakal, state authorities have increased the rate of different airport fees, increasing the costs for UNICEF and partners to operate in Upper Nile. Similarly, opposition authorities in Tonga have requested visiting humanitarian actors to stay at pre-designated hotels rather than humanitarian compounds, and demanded hiring be done locally rather than bringing national staff from other parts of the country. Similarly, in Pibor (Jongeli) and Yambio (Western Equatoria), youth groups have sent threatening letters demanding national staff from Juba be replaced with staff from the local population. UNICEF and the NGO Forum are working to address these impediments together with national state and opposition authorities to ensure operational independence.
While physical access in much of the country remains possible due to the decrease in both armed hostilities and active denials of access for UNICEF and partners, violence in several parts of the country are limiting humanitarian operations.
In southern Central Equatoria, sporadic fighting between the South Sudan Peoples Defense Force (SSPDF – formerly the SPLA) and the National Salvation Front (NAS – a non-signatory to the peace agreement) continues to impede both regular humanitarian activities and EVD preparedness efforts outside of Yei town. However, UNICEF and OCHA continue to negotiate access with all parties to conflict and are gradually expanding operations in new areas outside of Yei. In Warrap, a dramatic increase in inter-communal clashes has led to restrictions on many key transport routes around Rumbek, hindering the movement of humanitarian cargo and programme activities.

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Situation Report #248, 21 June 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: South Sudan, Uganda


• A record number of people – 6.9 million, or more than 60 percent of South Sudan’s entire population – do not know where their next meal will come from as hunger peaks during the l...

Democratic Republic of the Congo: USAID Administrator Mark Green’s Remarks at Press Roundtable on Ebola

Source: US Agency for International Development
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

June 18, 2019
Sheraton Four Points
Nairobi, Kenya

MR. BABINGTON: So, we'll kick things off. Thanks, first of all, everyone, for joining us this morning. We're kind of in the middle of our Africa trip. The Administrator's been to Eastern DRC, Rwanda -- yesterday, we returned from Somalia, and later today, we're off to Mozambique. But, wanted to use this time to just chat a little bit about some of his observations in the Eastern DRC, where he was over the weekend, and then, open it up for Q and A. So, maybe before we do that, if you just want to tell us who you are and what outlet you're working for.

REPORTER: Sure. My name's Sara Jerving; I'm a reporter with Devex.

REPORTER: My name is Omar Mohammed. I'm with Reuters here, in Nairobi.

REPORTER: My name is Moses, I'm with AP.

REPORTER: My name is Khalil, I'm with AP.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Thanks. Thanks for taking time, thanks for coming this morning. As Tom just mentioned, we're in the middle of an extensive Africa trip. Kenya's always particularly fun for me to visit. I lived here at one time; 30 years ago, I was a teacher in western Kenya. It's changed a little bit in 30 years, but nonetheless, it's always enjoyable to come back and have a chance to reconnect with the wonderful people of Kenya. This past weekend, I visited the cities of Goma, Butembo, and Katwa, in North Kivu province of the DRC. I had a chance to meet with healthcare workers at an Ebola Treatment Unit in Katwa, community and local leaders at the Emergency Operations Center in Butembo, and representatives of the NGO community.

Additionally, I have with me here today one of my staff, Sonali Korde, who -- this is actually her second trip to the region in a rather short period of time. She visited Butembo about a month ago. And so, she brought the additional perspective of time and change.

From our perspective, even though the WHO has not declared a public health emergency, it is very clear to me that this is a development emergency. As we all know, a deadly virus has struck a region of Africa that was already besieged over the years by a number of failures -- failures in development, a failure of democracy, and a failure of governance. And, this is a combustible, deadly mix. And I think, going forward, a number of things will need to happen.

First, I'm very pleased that the UN has responded to the donor community's call for a reset, and appointed David Gressly, a veteran of many crises, to lead the Ebola response in DRC. One of the most important things that we've heard from him, and had a very good discussion with him -- he said that, given all that he has seen in DRC and seen in other crises zones, there was nothing that he saw that was insurmountable. And, I agree with that optimistic assessment. And, I believe that as we move forward, when more order is brought to what has been a chaotic situation, I think that we will see progress. Steps need to be taken, but I believe they are steps that we can take.

Second, with over 2,168 cases and over 1,400 deaths, we need to turn distrust in the community, which has been well-reported by many of you, into an asset. We need to turn it into a community-based response. We need a response that engages all parts of the community not only to tackle the virus, but to rebuild the institutions that will be necessary so as not to leave the area vulnerable again for the next shock which could come its way. This includes a commitment to transparently communicating to the community all aspects of the response, from testing and treatment to finances and hiring.

And, there is no reason for information to be withheld from the community at all. We want to see a continued and deepening engagement, and utilization of the NGO and faith-based community actors who, as they pointed out to us -- they have been there for years, and they will continue to be there, partnering with local leaders, long after everybody else has left.

We need to see vaccines deployed more broadly, and we need to see an application of the latest recommendations in that regard. And, we need to see an effective approach to addressing security concerns in the region, and that needs to be done without militarizing the response, which will only further alienate the local community.

It was interesting to me that almost everyone that we spoke to, when they asked -- when we asked them what the biggest problem was, they would say, "security." And, you realized that "security" was a very broad term in their minds, that covered the obvious: the prevention of violence and conflict, to also taking steps towards eliminating distrust. They saw that as questions of security as well.

Third, the cases in Uganda clearly heightened the urgency to bolster Ebola preparedness efforts regionally and in Goma. There is room for improvement in real-time communication, coordination, and data-sharing, not just in DRC, but regionally. We have -- the United States government made a number of investments, along with other partners, in building preparedness systems. Those investments have been sound investments, and those investments need to continue.

Obviously, the crisis is far from over. I will have a few more announcements in coming weeks, as it relates to USAID's response efforts. But, this is obviously an important matter, and I am truly grateful to have had the opportunity to visit the places that I did. So, in summary, I agree with David Gressly when he said that with all of the challenges -- and there are many -- there is nothing that is insurmountable. But, in order to take advantage of the openings that are there, to make real progress towards containing and eliminating the outbreak, there are steps that we need to do in close coordination with local actors from all parts of the community. And, I'm confident that those steps will be taken. And again, we will have some more concrete announcements in coming days, as early as next week. So, with that, I'd be happy to address any questions that you might have.


REPORTER: Yeah, actually, I'm wanting to start off first with a question about the move of the permanent Mission to Mogadishu. So, the Somali central government has been criticized for its kind of dismissive attitude towards other member states, including concerns on how foreign aid is spent and allocated. So, the U.S. government is considered a supporter of a strong, centralized approach in Somalia. There are concerns that moving the USAID office to Mogadishu, as kind of a symbolic act, will encourage this dismissive attitude, and give it more control -- give the central government more control over allocation of U.S. funds. Can you respond to these concerns, and --


REPORTER: -- will the U.S. be putting effort into mending the ties between the central government and (inaudible) member states?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: First off, no foreign government controls the allocation of U.S. funds -- first and foremost. Secondly, I am thrilled that we've reopened a Mission after nearly 30 years away. We took that step because we are seeing signs of a real commitment by the new government in Somalia, to undertake the kinds of reforms that we believe will be necessary in the long run to achieve the progress that we all want to see. And, first and foremost, that's why we've taken that step.

Secondly, we've made clear a key step towards self-reliance and realizing Somalia's potential is for the government to achieve the reforms it needs to achieve to receive debt relief. And, a big part of that is making sure that they are connected with, working with, listening to, and partnering with, the external governments. So, that it is not simply something managed from Mogadishu, but there is ongoing communication and partnership and coordination. So, that we have a government that represents not really one part of the country, but the entire country. And, the Prime Minister made very clear to us that he is committed to that, and we spoke with one of his Ministers who has been, as he put it, "always in motion." And so, I think that that's very important. We agree with that, that it is very important.

But Somalia has, we think, a good opportunity, and we look forward to walking shoulder-to-shoulder with them to help them achieve those reforms that will be necessary to rise and undo, obviously, years of challenge and violence and distrust.

REPORTER: Hi, I have a question about the level of preparedness in some of the countries that you went to, with regards to Ebola. If a situation, like what happened in Uganda last week, were to have been, let's say, in South Sudan. How prepared is USAID, do you think, to deal with that challenge?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first, a few thoughts -- I'm not sure I can comment on the details of preparation in any given country other than where I've visited. However, what I can say is that the U.S. Government, USAID, CDC -- all of us who are involved in helping to strengthen health systems -- we have been working with local government leaders on preparedness not just for Ebola, but for other health challenges. In our model of assistance, we hope to help countries undertake the reforms and build the institutions needed to take on their own health challenges, all the while walking with them along the way.

We all recognize that the scourge of Ebola, a deadly virus -- when it emerges in a setting that has had years of conflict, distrust, lack of citizen responsiveness, and fragmentation, is an extraordinary challenge. And, we must remember that this recent outbreak in DRC is not the only outbreak of Ebola, but it is a virus that emerged in a very complicated setting at a very complicated point in the country's history. All of those forces combined, I think, to bring us to the terrible situation that we're in, in terms of loss of life and damage.

But, those are things that can be fixed, they must be fixed, and I am pleased to hear from David Gressly and others who have been responding to U.S. Government calls for a reset -- U.S. Government, as well as our partners, particularly the British -- those are encouraging. Again, we are a long way away from saying that this outbreak is entirely contained, but there are some positive signs. And again, I think the appointment of David Gressly is a positive sign, and Sonali can comment more to it, but in the roughly 30 days in between her visits, she saw that as signs of some progress.

MS. KORDE: Yes, that's correct. I think the appointment of David Gressly as the head -- definitely has been a very positive development. And, what we heard from others in the community and from the NGOs seemed to reflect that fact, as well. I'll also just say that USAID has been investing, and we've been working with partners in South Sudan, on Ebola preparedness efforts, as well. Those have been ongoing.

REPORTER: I'm wondering if you can further elaborate on kind of what the difference between the global emergency and the development emergency is, kind of, from your perspective? And kind of, how would the declaration of a global emergency have changed USAID's work on the ground, and at what point should the WHO --

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Hold on. I'm not a medical doctor. I'm the son of a medical doctor. That doesn't give me much qualification. Again, what I can comment on is -- as a development guy who started off in East Africa 30 years ago -- it is very clear in DRC that decades of damage have been done. You have people who are impoverished, who have lost faith in institutions, who see outsiders coming in as -- in some cases, they see them as being more concerned about the virus than they are about them. Those are bad things. The way that you defeat this deadly virus is to harness the strength, the connections, and the spirit of every part of the community. Every part of the community is affected, every part of the community must be in the response, and that is, to me, the most important thing.

In DRC, we have work to do. We have to undo some of the damage and distrust that has built up over the years. I think we need to make the kinds of investments that make clear that there is hope, from a development perspective. And, I think we also have to redouble our efforts to demystify Ebola. One thing that I saw at the emergency treatment unit, which I was pleased with -- and understand, I've not been to an Ebola treatment unit before, so I have limited comparisons. But, in every step in the process, the tarped-off area that they were using, they used clear panels, so that people saw those who were in, from being tested to -- at least, in one case that I saw, a gentleman who had tested positive, which is, obviously, a difficult thing. And yet, the community and his family could at least come and see that he was being cared for respectfully, and as comfortably as possible.

Those kinds of steps, which may be small from a technical standpoint, are extraordinarily important from a community standpoint. Remember that in the earliest days of this outbreak, we all heard of rumors running around the place about Ebola, and other terms were tossed in. And a lack of information, a lack of trust, in those settings, is combustible. And, my opinion is that there should be completely transparent, regular reporting constantly, as to where resources are going, as to facilities that are enhanced or created, and the progress that is being made. There is no reason not to be sharing that information.

I know that when an outbreak occurs, it is a chaotic time often. And people are, sometimes, not so much panicked as harried and hurried. And you know, some of that is understandable, from a human nature perspective. But, turning to everyone in the community -- turning to elders, turning to institutions that are trusted, and being completely open and transparent is a step not to be bypassed. You know, we've seen, in taking on challenges from the AIDS pandemic, to even the more, quite frankly, common challenges of Malaria -- and I come from a Malaria background -- that progress was made, and success occurred, when it was completely transparent and everybody was involved. And, that needs to be the case here.

REPORTER: How can all of this be managed with also protecting aid workers on the ground, and what are the top concerns in terms of protection, as well as kind of what steps will USAID take?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, again, I -- the facilities that I visited -- and I'll stick to those, because I have first-hand knowledge of those -- I was actually quite impressed with the steps that were -- had been taken. You know, the -- again, I sound like a broken record, but the most important part of that is being very open with people as to how Ebola is spread.

When someone who is confirmed to have Ebola, when they are contagious, being very clear on those steps, again, helps to demystify the response, and then the steps, the obvious steps, of disinfectant and such become more effective, because people understand why those steps are taken and when they're taken. So, as you can tell, I'm a big believer in taking a broad approach to an outbreak of Ebola. We know what to do medically.

We know precisely what to do medically. We have vaccines, and while it remains a deadly disease, we've also seen progress. When people report early, their chances of survival are better and better. People are often prevented from reporting early. Anger, distrust, lack of knowledge, conflict -- you have to take those problems on to allow this to be addressed effectively medically, and that's why we believe it is a development emergency certainly.

REPORTER: I'm sorry. I actually meant security in terms of armed militia.

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Oh. Well, there are a number of steps that need to be taken. I'm not fully qualified to answer all of that. But, again, when I take a look at insecurity, I think part of it does come from distrust, a distrust as to where resources are going and institutions who are being partnered with. Yes, clearly there are -- and I've heard various terms used, spoilers, and, again, these are terms that are used specifically in that setting. And, those are things to be concerned about. Anytime that healthcare facilities, in particular, are targeted, that obviously has -- any violence is bad. Any violence against individuals is bad, but when healthcare facilities are targeted such that a disruption in surveillance and treatment occurs, that is obviously exponentially worse.

MR. BABINGTON: We probably have time for one more question.

REPORTER: You talked about the reset with the UN. Is there any other areas that you think need to be reset in the Ebola response besides (inaudible) this issue of transparency?

ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: We'll have more announcements next week.


ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: For me, the most important step that I've seen to date was the appointment of Gressly so that you have a focal point which is always the most important step. I think that was an enormously important step. I'd like to think that my visit and meeting with NGO leaders, elected and community leaders, as well as families that that, too, is an important part of building a comprehensive response. You know, at USAID we have a DART as we call it, Disaster Assistance Response Team, that has been deployed for a number of months. It may be deployed by USAID, but it is a cross U.S. Government team. Our close partners, the Centers for Disease Control, are a critical part of this in bringing to bear medical knowledge and experience, and that obviously will be a key part of the response as well.

World: Annual Report 2018

Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
Country: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Iraq, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, World, Yemen



Democratic Republic of the Congo: ECHO Factsheet – The Democratic Republic of Congo – EU Response to the Ebola epidemic (Last updated 07/05/2019)

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda


In 2018, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared its 9th and 10th Ebola outbreaks.

Over 1 570 cases and 1 045 deaths reported since 1 August 2018 in the DRC’s current Ebola outbreak

In 2014-2016, there were 28 600 Ebola cases and 11 300 Ebola-related deaths in West Africa

EU response to the tenth (and current) Ebola outbreak in the DRC: €17.83 million since 2018

EU response to Ebola What is it?

The Ebola virus is a severe and often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads further through human-to-human transmission. Beyond the human suffering and loss of life, the disease has a devastating impact on the security, economies, and healthcare systems of the affected regions. The European Union appointed an Ebola Coordinator in 2014, at the height of the pandemic in West Africa, and has since mobilised all available political, financial, and scientific resources to help Ebola patients and contain the disease.

Why is this important?

When Ebola ravaged previously unaffected countries in West Africa between 2014 and 2016, leaving in its wake a huge death toll and paralysed economies, the world woke up to the potential global threat of the disease. Until then, Ebola had been mostly limited to East and Central Africa, with the number of reported cases never exceeding 500 at each outbreak.

However, in 2014, the Ebola virus found a new conducive environment in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. It was only two years later that an end could be put to the outbreak, thanks to the combined efforts of the international community. In the meantime, nearly 30 000 cases were reported and over 11 000 lives were lost.

In 2018, Ebola returned to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where the first ever outbreak of the Ebola virus disease was reported back in 1976. The DRC declared its ninth outbreak in May 2018 in Equateur province, in the west of the country, and its tenth outbreak on 1 August, barely a week after the previous one had come to an end. Despite the intensive response that has been put into place since the outbreak was declared, the disease is still not under control.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the public health risk from Ebola is considered to be "very high" at a national and regional level, given the proximity of the affected area to the borders of South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) considers the risk of the virus reaching the EU to be low.

South Sudan: South Sudan Operation Overview – May 2019

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan


The Logistics Cluster facilitates the coordination of the logistics response in support of the humanitarian community. Furthermore, it p...

World: 100 Years of Fighting for Children – Annual report 2018

Source: Save the Children
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Rep...

South Sudan: WFP South Sudan Situation Report #247, 7 June 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: South Sudan

In Numbers

6.87 million people facing acute food insecurity from May
to July 2019 (IPC)
2.1 million acutely malnourished women and children
2.77 million people assisted by WFP in April 2019

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