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Posts published in “Djibouti”

World: World Bank Group Support in Situations Involving Conflict-Induced Displacement – An Independent Evaluation

Source: World Bank
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Montenegro, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the Republic of North Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zambia

Highlights

  • In 2016, the World Bank Group stepped up its engagement in situations of conflictinduced forced displacement at the global and country levels and adopted a new approach to its engagement that recognizes displacement as a development challenge that must be addressed to attain the World Bank Group’s twin goals.

  • Since fiscal year 2016, the Bank Group’s analytical, financial, and operational support has become more aligned with its stated development approach building on lessons from past engagements. This is an important shift.

  • Advisory services and analytics have shifted from providing a rationale for Bank Group engagement in situations involving conflictinduced forced displacement to contextspecific needs assessments focused on evidence-based, medium-term solutions.
    The World Bank successfully mobilized new financing to support situations involving conflict-induced forced displacement and crowded-in funding from other donors. World Bank support for populations forcibly displaced by conflict and their host communities has increased, become more balanced, and focused on priority sectors to
    generate economic opportunities. These are significant achievements.

  • At the same time, the Bank Group has not yet fully leveraged its comparative
    advantages in implementing its development approach. Evidence generated
    from analytical and advisory services needs to be translated better into
    context-specific policy dialogue, project design, and programming.
    Project design, in particular, could further address the specific needs and
    vulnerabilities of conflict-induced forcibly displaced persons and their host
    communities, especially the specific needs and vulnerabilities of the women
    and children among them. Projects should also more systematically include
    specific indicators to monitor and evaluate the effects on affected populations.

  • The World Bank engages and coordinates with humanitarian actors and
    development organizations at various levels, but coordination could be further
    strengthened. Additionally, select partnerships at the country level could be
    leveraged to ensure sector coherence and to foster policy dialogue to enact
    institutional reforms toward self-reliance that address the vulnerabilities of
    forcibly displaced persons. The Bank Group could also increase engagement
    to catalyze the private sector’s role in situations of conflict-induced forced
    displacement.

  • Internal and external factors inhibit the Bank Group’s development
    response to address situations of conflict-induced forced displacement.
    Internal factors include varying levels of active leadership in Country
    Management Units, growing but still limited Bank Group experience, and
    incentives. External factors include the varying nature of displacement
    situations, government capacity, macroeconomic and development
    challenges, and complex political economy factors.

Somalia: Statement from the Fifty Second Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF52): 27-28 May 2019, Radisson Consensus Climate Outlook for June to September 2019) blu hotel, addis ababa, ethiopia

Source: Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

June to September constitutes an important rainfall season over the northern secto...

World: La France et le PAM luttent ensemble pour faire reculer la faim à travers le monde

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, France, Jordan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Senegal, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

PARIS – Grâce à la politique française d’aide au développement, et avec une contribution de près de 11 800 000 euros, le Programme Alimentaire Mondial poursuit son combat contre la faim et la malnutrition.

En 2018, 113 millions de personnes ont souffert d’insécurité alimentaire sévère. Une nouvelle fois, la France se mobilise. Cette contribution à destination de 18 pays va permettre au PAM de poursuivre son travail en apportant une aide alimentaire et nutritionnelle, des repas scolaires, ainsi qu’en renforçant la résilience et l’autonomie en reconstruisant les moyens de subsistance des femmes et des hommes. Beaucoup de ces pays sont touchés par de graves conflits, première cause de la faim dans le monde.

C’est notamment le cas en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) - l'un des pays les plus touchés par les conflits en Afrique – où 85 millions d'habitants sont confrontés à l'une des pires crises alimentaire et nutritionnelle au monde. Le PAM salue également la contribution anticipée de la France au Yémen, où les taux de malnutrition chez les femmes et les enfants sont parmi les plus élevés du monde : 3,2 millions de femmes et d'enfants nécessitent un traitement pour malnutrition aiguë.

Bon nombre des personnes que nous aidons fuient le conflit et ont été forcées d'abandonner leurs terres, leurs maisons et leurs emplois. La contribution française permettra ainsi au PAM de venir en aide aux réfugiés syriens au Liban et en Jordanie principalement, permettant notamment aux enfants d’obtenir un repas chaud grâce aux cantines scolaires. L’impact des investissements dans le cadre scolaire est indéniable, un tel dispositif est indispensable au développement des jeunes générations qui représentent le futur de ces pays. La contribution française permet au PAM de faire de l’éducation un levier pour la croissance et le développement des zones les plus fortement touchées, en ligne avec les politiques nationales. Les filles sont au cœur de cette politique, car elles sont souvent les premières à être retirée de l’école et à souffrir de l’insécurité alimentaire.

La France marque de nouveau son attachement à la collaboration inter-agences et finance plusieurs projets menés conjointement par le PAM et d’autres agences des Nations-Unies (FAO, UNICEF), notamment au Mali, qui porte principalement sur des activités de nutrition. En dépit des progrès considérables réalisés au cours des dernières décennies, la malnutrition demeure un problème immense et universel, qui touche tous les pays du monde et responsable de plus de problèmes de santé que toute autre cause.

Au total, l’engagement de la France permettra au PAM d’intervenir dans 18 pays : au Bangladesh, au Burkina Faso, au Burundi, en Corée du Nord, à Djibouti, en Éthiopie, en Jordanie, au Laos, au Liban, à Madagascar, au Mali, en Mauritanie, au Nigeria, en République démocratique du Congo, au Sénégal, au Soudan, au Tchad et dans les territoires palestiniens. A cette contribution s’ajoute l’aide anticipée pour répondre à l’urgence au Yémen ainsi qu’aux besoins du service aérien d’aide humanitaire des Nations unies (UNHAS) en République centrafricaine et en Mauritanie. UNHAS est parfois le seul moyen d’atteindre des zones reculées. C’est un outil indispensable pour toute la communauté humanitaire et nous remercions la France d’avoir contribué à maintenir ce service menacé par le manque de financement.

Grâce à cette contribution, le PAM peut continuer à œuvrer dans les zones de crises mais également à lutter contre les inégalités, priorité du G7 et commune au PAM et à la France.

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Le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies - sauve des vies dans les situations d'urgence et change des vies pour des millions de personnes grâce au développement durable. Le PAM travaille dans plus de 80 pays à travers le monde, nourrissant les populations prises dans des conflits et des catastrophes, et instaurant les bases d'un avenir meilleur.

World: Logistics Cluster Global ConOps Map (April 2019)

Source: Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Indonesia, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Vanuat...

World: Global Report on Food Crises 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme, UN Children's Fund, Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, Food Security Information Network, Food Security Cluster, SICA
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

WHY THIS REPORT?

For several years the number of people who cannot meet their daily food needs without humanitarian assistance has been rising, primarily driven by two factors: persistent instability in conflict-ridden regions and adverse climate events.

These growing needs have been reflected in the increasing level of international humanitarian assistance, which reached US$27.3 billion in 2017, up from US$18.4 billion in 2013. While critical to saving lives and alleviating human suffering, humanitarian assistance does not address the root causes of food crises.

In response, those coordinating emergency humanitarian assistance are working more seriously with those in development support and conflict prevention to find ways to reverse the current trend in escalating numbers of food-insecure people in need of urgent action.

This “new way of working,” aims to address the humanitarian-development (HD) nexus, which emerged from the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016, as well as the Agenda for Humanity’s call to “move from delivering aid to ending need,” which provided a framework for thinking about innovative approaches to address food crises more sustainably in line with Sustainable Development Goal 2.1.

These collaborative efforts to prevent and address food crises are reflected in the UN Security Council’s adoption of resolution 2417 in May 2018. It allows the Council to consider its full range of tools — including sanctions — to ensure that parties to conflict do not violate international humanitarian law (IHL) by, for example, starving civilians as a weapon of war, unlawfully denying humanitarian access to civilian populations in need and depriving people of their means to produce food.

This HD nexus is also reflected in the Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC), which seeks to combat food crises from humanitarian and development perspectives and tackle the root causes of these crises (see box). This Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) contributes to humanitarian development efforts by providing the global and national food security community and GNAFC members with timely, independent and consensus-based information on the severity, magnitude and drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in food crisis contexts. This information supports humanitarian and development actors to plan and fund evidence-based responses, while using the data to seek high-level political action for durable solutions to food crises.

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