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South Sudan: UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report – March 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda

Highlights

  • Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) projections for February to March, indicate 57 per cent of the population will face acute food insecurity or worse. Currently, UNICEF is funding gap of 42 million in nutrition section. There is a high-risk of a ready-to-use-therapeutic food (RUTF) pipeline break during the last quarter of 2019, if adequate funds are not mobilized before September 2019.

  • On 26 March, the EU-funded Education in Emergency programme was launched in Aweil, Northern Bahr el Ghazal. The programme will be jointly managed by UNICEF and the World Food Programme (WFP), the largest collaboration ever between these two agencies in the field of education in South Sudan. Lasting two years, it aims to reach 75,000 children (33,000 girls) in 150 schools, providing them with access to quality education and school feeding.

  • In the response to the measles outbreak in two Melut and Aweil South counties, reactive measles vaccination campaigns were initiated, targeting 15,502 and 22,071 children aged 6 months to 5 years in Melut and Aweil South respectively.

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

1.92 million
Internally displaced persons (IDPs)
(OCHA South Sudan Humanitarian Snapshot, February 2019)

2.29 million
South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries
(UNHCR Regional Portal, South Sudan Situation 28 February 2019)

5.25 million
South Sudanese who are severely food insecure
(January-March 2019 Projection, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification)

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

According to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) projections for February to March 2019, a total of 6.5 million people or 57 per cent of the population will be in crisis (IPC phase 3) acute food insecurity or worse, including 45,000 in catastrophe (IPC phase 5). Approximately 860,000 children under five estimated to be acutely malnourished including over a quarter million with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). To reach 2019 targets, UNICEF must to mobilize USD 42 million before September 2019 for the RUTF procurement and frontline cost of the programme. There is a high-risk of an RUTF pipeline break during the last quarter of 2019, if UNICEF fails to mobilize adequate resources before September 2019.

The decrease of hostilities following signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution on the conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS), as well as proactive efforts by UNICEF and partners to expand access, has led to incremental but consistent gains in access in many parts of South Sudan. Key road and river routes remain open in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states, improving access to vulnerable people and the transport of supplies for both static and integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) programmes. In Western Bahr el Ghazal, UNICEF and partners are exploring ways to expand service provision to displaced communities in Greater Baggari. And through the joint efforts of WFP and UNICEF together with community leaders, the road from Raja to Dolo was opened, enabling the first road-based IRRM mission to the location since services began in early 2018. After several access denials to Koyoki and Birigo in southern Central Equatoria state, UNICEF contributed to successful advocacy efforts by OCHA to secure the agreement of state government officials to enable consistent humanitarian access. And with the decrease in hostilities in the Yei area, humanitarians including UNICEF are beginning to access locations outside of Yei town for the first time since December 2018.

At the same time, UNICEF and its partners continue to face a number of access challenges in reaching vulnerable women and children. UNICEF and partners faced 12 recorded access incidents in March, mostly due to operational interference and violence / intimidation of humanitarian personnel and contractors. Several IRRM missions in Jongeli and Upper Nile were suspended indefinitely due to opposition by state authorities for WFP to biometrically register the population. Several incidents of the looting of nutrition supplies took place in Jongeli following clashes near outpatient treatment centers. In southern Central Equatoria, a humanitarian assessment mission to Koyoki and Birigo was denied access for the second time by state government authorities. And several clashes between state security forces and armed youths in Unity and Upper Nile led to the temporary suspension of humanitarian activities and/or the relocation of humanitarian staff.

South Sudan: IRC Urges New Approach to Malnutrition in S. Sudan

Source: Voice of America
Country: South Sudan

April 19, 2019 4:38 PM Carol Van Dam

More than 750,000 South Sudanese children under age 5 are expected to face acute malnutrition this year, according to the International Rescue Committee.

The IRC's new spokeswoman, actress Mia Farrow, returned last week from South Sudan's Unity state and said she'd witnessed a new IRC approach that could treat millions more malnourished children over the next decade than the current global model for treatment.

She noted Unity state was particularly hard hit by fighting during South Sudan's five-year conflict and that many people were forced to flee their homes, leaving behind their plots of land where they would grow food for their families.

'Catastrophic' situation

"South Sudan is on the brink of famine. It's truly a catastrophic humanitarian situation, and people are literally starving," Farrow told South Sudan in Focus.

Farrow said she met many people who described how difficult it was to find food.

"The encouraging thing was meeting these women who are volunteers and who are working within their communities to address some of the very common illnesses that children face," such as pneumonia and diarrhea, Farrow said.

"I saw them as heroes because they are absolutely committed to their communities. The children can be brought to them and they very ably, swiftly and effectively address these common problems," she said.

U.N. efforts

But Farrow said the volunteers are not allowed to treat the condition. The U.N.'s World Food Program and UNICEF took over that task years ago and treat children in clinics.

"Well, that sounds great, " Farrow told VOA, but many people live too far away from the help they need.

Farrow said that on her last trip to South Sudan, she witnessed something unforgettable: "A mother was sitting in the corner, holding her baby, a particularly beautiful baby who was panting, and she told us she had walked for five days to reach that clinic. And as I spoke to her, the baby died. The mother just — there was a howl that will remain with me to my last breath."

The IRC has come up with what Farrow calls "an effective, lifesaving method" of dealing with malnutrition that involves the use of peanut-based nutrients. She said that while training community volunteers for that job has not been implemented widely, "it has to happen."

If U.N. agencies adopt the IRC method, Farrow said, mothers no longer will have to walk for days in oppressive heat to have their children treated.

"These community health care workers, every single woman that I spoke to, expressed the fervent desire to treat malnutrition," said Farrow, adding that the current setup "doesn't make sense."

'Moral imperative'

Farrow called it a "moral imperative" to bring the nutrients used to treat malnourished children to the communities, rather than have children brought to a clinic "that may or may not exist."

The IRC has run a pilot program using community health care workers to treat acute and moderate malnutrition in South Sudan this past year and has deemed the program "extremely successful."

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary: April 19 – 25, 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Belize, Benin, Burundi, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Liberia, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panama, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Seasonal rainfall deficits continue to strengthen across the Greater Horn of Africa

  1. Seasonal rainfall deficits since October have resulted in significant dryness across Angola, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  2. Continued below-average rainfall and high temperatures have strengthened moisture deficits in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania.

World: Aperçu du financement humanitaire, Mars 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

L’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale (GHO), publié le 4 décembre 2018 annonçait des besoins en financement de 21,9 milliards de dollars pour 21 Plans de réponse humanitaire (HRP) et le Plan régional de réponse pour les réfugiés et les migrants du Venezuela (RMRP). À la fin du mois de février, les besoins s’élevaient à 22,42 milliards de dollars et, au 31mars, le montant demandé avait atteint 25,11 milliards de dollars. L’augmentation enregistrée ce mois-ci est principalement due à la demande de 3,32 milliards de dollars pour le HRP de la Syrie qui n’avait pas été inclus dans le calcul des besoins globaux en février, la finalisation du Plan de l’Éthiopie et les besoins associés à la réponse du Cyclone tropical Idai au Mozambique. À la fin du mois de mars, le nombre de personnes dans le besoin est estimé à 140,8 millions, par rapport à 138,8 millions à la fin du mois de février, dans 54 pays.2 Un nombre plus important de personnes sont estimées être dans le besoin en Éthiopie et au Mozambique qu’en février et davantage au Yémen.
Le nombre total de personnes que les plans visent à assister est aujourd’hui de 105,7 millions par rapport à 103,7 millions en février.

L’Appel Éclair pour le Mozambique envisageait une aide à 700 000 des 815 000 personnes affectées par la sécheresse. Ce plan a été révisé suite au passage du Cyclone Idai afin d’aider 1,1 million de personnes de plus. En Éthiopie, 300 000 personnes de plus que le nombre estimé précédemment doivent recevoir une assistance. De même, le nombre de personnes devant recevoir une assistance au Yémen est de 21,4 millions au lieu des 15 millions estimés précédemment. Des millions de personnes au Yémen sont aujourd’hui plus sous l’emprise de la faim, de la maladie et d’une plus grande vulnérabilité qu’il y a un an. En Syrie, le chiffre avancé de 11,2 millions de personnes devant recevoir une assistance a été révisé à la hausse ce mois-ci pour atteindre 11,7 millions de personnes.

South Sudan: South Sudan Situation Report,18 April 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: South Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

More than 75,000 children to receive education in emergency services
Nearly 20,000 people received Yellow Fever vaccine in Sakura, Nzara County
Food insec...

South Sudan: South Sudan Operation Overview – March 2019

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

Background

The Logistics Cluster facilitates the coordination of the logistics response in support of the humanitarian community. Furthermore, it p...

South Sudan: South Sudan: Humanitarian Dashboard (as of 31 March 2019)

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: South Sudan

SITUATION OVERVIEW

In March, inter-agency teams responded to humanitarian needs across the country. Notably, they reached Mugwo County in Central Equatoria and Koch, ...

Uganda: UNICEF Uganda Humanitarian Situation Report – March 2019

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, South Sudan, Uganda

Highlights

  • Uganda remains free of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) as of March 2019. UNICEF is supporting the Ministry of Health (MoH) in extending the National Ebola Preparedness Plan through to September 2019 due to the continued risk of disease importation from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

  • During the reporting period, 43,364 children (20,249 boys and 23,115 girls) were immunized against measles in refugee-hosting districts.

  • A total of 399 unaccompanied and separated refugee children (199 boys and 200 girls) in alternative care placements in West Nile benefitted from follow-up visits, placements, and referrals by UNICEF and partners.

  • UNICEF, in collaboration with MoH and Uganda’s Infectious Diseases Institute, conducted mentorship and coaching for 45 health workers in West Nile focusing on the elimination of motherto-child transmission of HIV/AIDS (e-MTCT) among refugees and host communities.

  • Concerns about the food security and the nutrition situation in Karamoja and Teso have been raised due to drier-than-usual conditions in March and forecasts of below-average rainfall for April.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

According to UNHCR and Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), Uganda is host to 1,223,033 refugees as of 28 February 2019, with 95 per cent living in settlements in 11 of Uganda’s 128 districts, and five per cent living in Kampala. Sixty per cent of the refugee population are children. Most refugees are from either South Sudan (801,555), the DRC (326,383), or Burundi (36,256). According to UNHCR, while the refugee influx from South Sudan to Uganda continues, there are recent reports of voluntary returns to South Sudan. UNHCR and OPM are following up with colleagues in South Sudan to ensure the safety of voluntary returnees. If such information is confirmed, the Uganda contingency plan for refugees from South Sudan will be revised accordingly.

Ebola Preparedness and Response Overview: Uganda remains Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) free as of March 2019, although the risk of EVD importation remains very high given the continuous spread of EVD in DRC and significant cross-border population movements from DRC into Uganda. Surveillance of border points and community-based surveillance for EVD continues, including coordinated cross-border contact tracing, to ensure prompt detection of EVD cases and timely initiation of management and control activities.

Measles Overview: Uganda continues to experience measles outbreaks in 38 districts (nine of which are refugee-hosting). Outbreaks are attributed to frequent stock-outs of measles vaccines at the district and health facility levels, compounded by irregular outreach activities. The basic causes are related to chronic underfunding of traditional vaccines, stagnated funding for primary health care services in the context of rapid population growth, and delayed implementation of measles Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIAs).

Climate change: Concerns about the food security and nutrition situation in Karamoja and Teso have been raised due to drier-than-usual conditions in March and forecasts of below-average rainfall for April. The impact of poor rainfall on food security and nutrition could be serious as 2019 could become a second failed season for Karamoja after a below-average season in 2018. SAM admissions in the last few months have shown a higher trend than in previous years.

The District Water Officers in Nakapiripit, Kaabong, Amudat and Moroto do report some water stress although figures are not provided yet. In Loro sub county in Amudat a number of boreholes have dried up, forcing people to move long distances in search for water; while in Nakapiripirt, the pressure from incoming cattle from the Pokots from Kenya, is being felt and some pastoralists migrated with their herds to Teso.

South Sudan: Measles outbreaks in South Sudan not yet under control

Source: Medair
Country: South Sudan

Juba, South Sudan. 16 April 2019. Just 15 weeks into 2019, more measles outbreaks have been declared in South Sudan than occurred in all of 2018. As of Wednesday, 10 April, there had been 11 active outbreaks and fou...

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