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Posts published in “Epidemic”

World: EU increases its humanitarian assistance – record budget adopted for 2019

Source: European Commission
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Brussels, 16 January 2019

As more and more people face humanitarian crises worldwide, the EU has adopted its highest ever initial annual humanitarian budget of €1.6 billion for 2019.

From long-lasting conflicts in the Middle East and Africa, to the growing impact of climate change worldwide, humanitarian crises are worsening and conflict threatens aid delivery to those most in need.

"With this new budget, the EU remains a leading humanitarian donor in the face of crises such as Syria and Yemen. Humanitarian aid alone cannot solve all problems but we must do everything in our power to help the most vulnerable. This is our humanitarian duty. We must also think about the impact of these many crises on children, on the next generation. That's why a record 10% of the new budget, 10 times more than in 2015, is dedicated to education in emergencies, so we can give children the tools to build a better future," said Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management.

The biggest bulk of the budget will address the crisis in Syria, refugees in neighbouring countries and the extremely critical situation in Yemen. In Africa, EU aid will support people in regions affected by crisis in South Sudan, Central African Republic, Lake Chad basin, the Democratic republic of Congo suffering from an Ebola outbreak and in regions suffering food and nutrition crises, such as Sahel.

In Latin America, EU funding will help the most vulnerable populations affected by the crisis in Venezuela and protracted conflict in Colombia. The European Union will also continue to provide assistance in Afghanistan and help Rohingya populations in both Myanmar and Bangladesh. In Europe, the EU's humanitarian efforts will focus on people affected by the conflict in Ukraine.

In view of the growing effects of climate change, the funding will help vulnerable communities in disaster prone countries to prepare better to various climatic shocks, such as droughts, floods and cyclones.

Background

EU humanitarian aid is impartial and independent, and is based only on needs, delivered in accordance with humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence. The EU's humanitarian assistance helps millions of people in need across the world. EU assistance is implemented via humanitarian partner organisations, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations and the Red Cross family, who have signed partnership agreements with the European Commission. The Commission closely monitors the use of EU funds via its global network of humanitarian experts and has strict rules in place to ensure funding is well spent.

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World: Fighting Cholera – Operational Handbook: Response to outbreaks and risk prevention in endemic areas

Source: Solidarités International
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, World, Yemen

INTRODUCTION

SOLIDARITÉS INTERNATIONAL has made the fight against cholera one of its key priorities for several years, in ...

South Sudan: Weekly Update on Ebola Virus Disease (EVD): Preparedness for South Sudan Update #19 (14 January 2019)

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

Highlights

60 personnel have been trained on Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and vaccination protocol for Yei, Maridi, Yambio, Torit and Jubek.
The EVD case defin...

Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 2: 5 January – 11 January 2019 Data as reported by 17:00; 11 January 2019

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeri...

World: Humanitarian Funding Update December 2018 – United Nations Coordinated Appeals

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

At the end of December 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) required US$24.93 billion to assist 97.9 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The requirements remained unchanged as of the end of November 2018. The plans are funded at $14.58 billion which amounts to 58.5 per cent of financial requirements for 2018. Notably, the percentage of total funding contributed through humanitarian response plans carried out by the UN with partners in 2018 is estimated at 62.9%. This is higher than at any time in the last ten years except 2017 (66.2 per cent). The plans were funded at $14.58 billion which amounted to 58.5 per cent of financial requirements for 2018.

Global requirements finished the year $230 million higher than for December 2017, and the amount of funding reported against UN-coordinated appeals at the end of 2018 was $78 million higher than at this time last year.

To make information on vulnerable people’s needs, planned response, funding and funding gaps in humanitarian crises accessible to all in one place, on 4 December, OCHA announced the launch of a new web-based portal, Humanitarian Insight.

Pooled Funds

With $945 million received from 32 Member States, one crown dependency and the general public through the UN Foundation, 2018 became the fifth consecutive year of record-high contributions received for country-based pooled funds (CBPFs). The increased contributions to CBPFs are testament to donors’ trust in this funding mechanism as a tool for principled, transparent and inclusive humanitarian assistance. Globally, a total of $756 million was allocated during the calendar year to 1,334 projects implemented by 657 partners, with two-thirds of overall CBPF allocations disbursed to NGOs. Over 24 percent were directly allocated to local and national NGOs, amounting to some $183 million. Health, emergency shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene, food security, nutrition and protection were the largest funded sectors during 2018. In 2018, the Yemen Humanitarian Fund became the largest CBPF ever, allocating $188 million to 53 partners implementing 112 projects. The country-based funds in Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Turkey each allocated over $50 million.

Between 1 January and 31 December 2018, the Emergency Relief Coordinator approved the largest amount of funding from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) in a single year with a total of $500 million. This includes $320 million from the Rapid Response Window and $180 million from the Underfunded Emergencies Window, for life-saving activities in 49 countries. In December, a total of $12.8 million was released to assist Congolese returnees and people expelled from Angola, to meet needs outstanding since the October earthquake in Haiti, and to support people affected by flooding in Nigeria.

Specific appeal information

On 17 December, the Palestinian Authority and the Humanitarian Coordinator for the occupied Palestinian territory launched the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for $350 million to address critical humanitarian needs of 1.4 million Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. A full 77 per cent of the requested funds target Gaza where the humanitarian crisis has been aggravated by a massive rise in Palestinian casualties due to demonstrations. Israel’s prolonged blockade, the internal Palestinian political divide and recurrent escalations of hostilities necessitate urgent humanitarian assistance for people assessed as being most in need of protection, food, health care, shelter, water and sanitation in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

A three-month Operational Plan for Rapid Response to Internal Displacement issued on 31 December seeks $25.5 million to reach civilians displaced by inter-communal violence in Ethiopia. The plan focuses exclusively on addressing health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation and hygiene, non-food items, protection and agriculture issues related to recent violence-induced displacements around Kamashi and Assoss (Benishangul Gumuz region) and East and West Wollega (Oromia region). Nearly 250,000 people have been displaced in these regions since September 2018. The plan has been developed to bridge the period between now and the official launch of the 2019 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP). The needs and requirements for the Benishangul Gumuz-East/West Wollega response will be included in the HDRP.

On 13 December, Assistant-Secretary-General/Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (ASG/DERC) Ursula Mueller delivered a statement to the Security Council on the humanitarian situation in Ukraine, where more than 3,000 civilians have been killed and up to 9,000 injured since conflict began in 2014. The crisis affects over 30 per cent of elderly people in the country, the highest proportion of people in this category in the world. The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, which required $187 million, was only 32 per cent funded. Without adequate funds, food, healthcare, water and sanitation, and other life-saving assistance cannot be provided.

During a 14 December briefing the USG/ERC and the Special Envoy for Yemen urged the Security Council to act swiftly to ensure full implementation of the Stockholm Agreement to demilitarize ports in the country. The agreement requires mutual withdrawal of forces from Hodeida city and its ports and a governorate-wide ceasefire to allow desperately needed humanitarian assistance to flow. The USG/ERC encouraged all parties to continue to engage seriously in implementing the multiple agreements reached in Sweden. The Government of Yemen requires billions of dollars in external support for its 2019 budget, and in parallel this year’s humanitarian response plan for Yemen requests $4 billion, about half of it for emergency food assistance.

On 11 December at a meeting in New York on the gravity of the humanitarian situation in the Central African Republic, OCHA reiterated that response to this crisis is a priority for the organization and announced that in 2019 a high-level meeting will be arranged to address the impact of underfunding on the level of humanitarian response in the Central African Republic.

In 2019 twelve countries will have multi-year HRPs. These are Afghanistan, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Haiti, Niger, Nigeria, oPt, Somalia, Sudan and Ukraine.

South Sudan: Weekly Update on Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Preparedness for South Sudan Update #18 (07 January 2018)

Source: Government of the Republic of South Sudan
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

1. Highlights

About 2,160 doses of vaccine were delivered to South Sudan and stored in the ultra-cold freezer at -800 C.
The Polymerase Chain Re...

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Democratic Republic of Congo: Ebola Virus Disease – External Situation Report 23

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

1. Situation update

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces, Democratic R...

Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 1: 29 December 2018 – 4 January 2019 Data as reported by 17:00; 4 January 2019

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao ...

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Democratic Republic of Congo: Ebola Virus Disease – External Situation Report 22

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

1. Situation update

The Ministry of Health (MoH), WHO and partners continue to respond to the Ebola virus d...

Uganda: UNICEF Uganda Humanitarian Situation Report – November 2018

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

Highlights

• No Ebola case has been reported in Uganda despite the persistent influx of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and regular trade activities across the DRC/Uganda border. This is largely attributed to the intensive Ebola prevention and preparedness efforts by the Ministry of Health and partners, including UNICEF. Over 100,000 people, including 35,000 children, were reached with messages on signs, symptoms, prevention and control of Ebola by UNICEF and the Uganda Red Cross Society.

• Uganda continues to host over 700,000 refugees and asylum seekers from South Sudan, nearly 285,000 from DRC, over 33,000 from Burundi and 50,000 from Somalia, Rwanda and other countries.

• Over 800 unaccompanied and separated children received alternative care services in South Sudanese and Congolese refugee settlements; approximately 1,000 children and adolescents accessed formal or informal education; and 48,000 people accessed appropriate sanitation facilities in refugee hosting districts.

• The overall number of children admitted for severe acute malnutrition has reduced significantly over the last two months from over 1,700 to 934 and currently at 485.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

Refugees: Uganda hosts over 700,000 refugees and asylum seekers from South Sudan, nearly 285,000 from DRC, over 33,000 from Burundi and 50,000 from Somalia, Rwanda and other countries.

The Government has developed the Uganda 2019-2020 Refugee Response Plan (RRP) to maintain Uganda’s asylum space and preserve equal and unhindered access to its territory; implement protection processes that promote the full enjoyment of rights and uphold international protection standards; and ensure that Uganda’s refugee response paradigm progressively shifts from care and maintenance to inclusion and self-reliance. UNICEF contributed to its development.

Disease outbreaks:

Ebola preparedness and response As of 26 November 2018, the Public Health Emergency Operations Centre of the Ministry of Health (MoH) had not confirmed any cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Uganda. Comprehensive surveillance continues in all communities, health facilities and at formal and informal border crossings in all of the 28 at-risk districts.
MoH and district authorities, with support from partners, continue to identify and isolate alert cases, with blood samples taken for testing to the Uganda Virus Research Institute.
According to the MoH and the World Health Organization (WHO), and in line with the EVD National Preparedness Plan, there is need to strengthen Ebola infection prevention and control interventions in all high-risk districts to reduce the transmission of infections. UNICEF is working closely with community leaders and local structures to communicate on the disease and orient local populations on actions they should take to prevent contracting and spreading it.

Other outbreaks

Since the beginning of the year, 20 cases of, and six deaths from, Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) have been reported in Kakumiro, Isingiro, Kiboga, Kiryandongo, Nakaseke and Sembabule districts; 35 cases of, and 18 deaths from, Rift Valley Fever (RVF) had been reported in 17 districts; 364 measles cases were reported in 79 districts, and 167 cases of Rubella in 36 districts.
Following the confirmation of a dengue fever case on 27 November, the Ministry of Health has instituted epidemiological linking and enhanced contact tracing for the case. No cholera cases were reported in November.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: EU Civil Protection Mechanism – Requests for Assistance: 2014 – 2018 – ECHO Daily Map | 03/01/2019

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Albania, Angola, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bulgaria, Cabo Verde, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Ecuador, Fiji, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Italy, Latvia, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Montenegro, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Norway, occupied Palestinian territory, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Serbia, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Yemen

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