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Posts published in “Eritrea”

Ethiopia: UNHCR Bi-weekly Operational Update: 1-15 July 2019

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda

Cholera prevention measures in Tigray and Afar Camps: Following the Ethiopian Public Health Institute’s declaration of the outbreak of a cholera epidemi...

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary: July 12 – 18, 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, World

Dry conditions persist in West Africa, while heavy rainfall triggers flooding in South Sudan and Uganda

  1. A delayed rainy season over Senegal, Mali, Gambia, and Guinea Bissau resulted in abnormal dryness. Despite increased rainfall last week, deficits are forecast to persist.

  2. Below-average rainfall since April has led to early-season deficits and abnormal dryness in central Nigeria.

  3. Heavy rainfall triggered flooding in western Sudan. Continued rainfall forecast next week maintains the risk for flooding.

  4. Heavy rainfall during the past weeks has caused flooding in eastern Uganda and northwestern Kenya. Heavy rainfall forecast next week is likely to maintain high flood risk.

  5. A delayed start to monsoon rains has been marked by several consecutive weeks of below-average rainfall and 25-50% of average rainfall to date in parts of Nigeria and Cameroon.

  6. Rainfall deficits developed over the past month in southeastern Cote d’Ivoire. Abnormal dryness is likely to persist

World: International Activity Report 2018

Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

THE YEAR IN REVIEW

By Dr Marc Biot, Dr Isabelle Defourny, Marcel Langenbach, Kenneth Lavelle, Bertrand Perrochet and Teresa Sancristoval, Directors of Operations

In 2018, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams provided medical and humanitarian assistance to people facing extreme hardship in over 70 countries. From treating war-wounded ever closer to frontlines in Yemen, to responding to epidemic outbreaks such as cholera in Niger, or providing assistance to people fleeing violence in the Central African Republic, emergency response continued to be a core part of our work.

As 2018 drew to a close, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was in the midst of its second Ebola outbreak of the year, and its biggest ever. MSF was part of the response, led by the Ministry of Health. Although rapid and well-resourced, with teams having access to a promising new vaccine and several new drugs with the potential to better protect and treat people, the response, and those managing it, failed to adapt to people’s priorities, and to gain the trust of the community. This lack of trust in the health services meant people delayed or avoided seeking treatment. By the end of the year, the epidemic in North Kivu and Ituri provinces had claimed more than 360 lives and in some areas was still not under control.

Seeking care in war zones

Early in the year, Syrian civilians and medical staff were caught in the violence in Idlib, in the northwest, and in East Ghouta, near the capital Damascus. In East Ghouta, the barrage was relentless in February and March, with waves of dead and injured arriving at MSF- supported hospitals and health posts. As the siege blocked incoming aid, medical staff had few medical supplies to work with. By the end of the offensive, 19 of the 20 hospitals and clinics we supported were destroyed or abandoned, leaving civilians with few options to seek medical help.

The war in Yemen, which has left the country and its healthcare system in ruins, entered its fourth year. The Saudi- and Emirati-led coalition continued to target civilian areas with airstrikes and bombings, including our new cholera treatment centre in Abs. The war is taking a heavy toll on people, who often must negotiate constantly changing frontlines to find care for their war- wounds or their general medical needs. Yemen was the country where our teams treated the highest number of war-wounded in 2018, over 16,000 people. After a major offensive was launched in Hodeidah in June, doctors in our Aden hospital treated Hodeidah residents who had been driven for six hours, the majority of them in a critical condition. Conflict intensified on several frontlines at the end of the year, leading to an influx of people with war-related injuries. We also treated more than 150 people wounded by mines planted by Houthi-led Ansar Allah troops around Mocha. Constant attacks on our staff and patients at facilities in Ad Dhale forced us to withdraw from the town in November.

Uganda: Uganda Refugees & Asylum Seekers as of 30-June-2019

Source: Government of Uganda
Country: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian t...

Sudan, Eritrea discuss border reopening

July 7, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - Khartoum and Asmara discussed on Sunday practical measures to open the border between the two countries and ways to normalize and boost bilateral relations.
In a meeting held at the presidency, the head of the Transitional Military Council, Abdel Fattah al-Barhan, and his deputy Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, Hemetti, discussed with the advisor of the Eritrean Presidential Adviser Yemane Gebreab, ways to develop and strengthen bilateral relations between the two (...)

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World: 41 pays dans le monde, dont 31 en Afrique, ont besoin d’une aide alimentaire (FAO)

Source: UN News Service
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Les conflits prolongés et les mauvaises conditions climatiques exacerbent les besoins alimentaires, alerte l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO).

Selon le dernier rapport de la FAO sur les Perspectives de récoltes et la situation alimentaire publié jeudi, les conflits en cours et les sécheresses demeurent les principales causes de grave insécurité alimentaire, compromettant ainsi l'accès aux aliments et leur disponibilité pour des millions de personnes.

Le rapport indique que 41 pays, dont 31 en Afrique, ont toujours besoin d'une aide extérieure pour couvrir leurs besoins alimentaires, une situation inchangée depuis trois mois.

Les 41 pays ayant actuellement besoin d'une aide extérieure pour couvrir leurs besoins alimentaires sont l'Afghanistan, le Bangladesh, le Burkina Faso, le Burundi, le Cap Vert, le Cameroun, la République centrafricaine, le Tchad, le Congo, la Corée du Nord, la République démocratique du Congo, Djibouti, l'Erythrée, l'Eswatini, l'Ethiopie, la Guinée, Haïti, l'Iraq, le Kenya, le Lesotho, le Libéria, la Libye, Madagascar, le Malawi, le Mali, la Mauritanie, le Mozambique, le Myanmar, le Niger, le Nigéria, le Pakistan, le Sénégal, la Sierra Leone, la Somalie, le Soudan du Sud, le Soudan, la Syrie, l'Ouganda, le Venezuela, le Yémen et le Zimbabwe.

Le manque de pluies compromet la production alimentaire

En 2019, les dégâts causés par le cyclone Idai et le manque de pluies ont eu de lourdes répercussions sur la production agricole d'Afrique australe, dont celles de faire grimper les besoins d'importations en céréales. Les récoltes ont baissé pour la deuxième année consécutive au Zimbabwe et en Zambie, tandis que les pays voisins ont également enregistré des baisses de leur production en raison de conditions climatiques défavorables, comme par exemple au Mozambique avec le cyclone Idai. Au Zimbabwe, l'insécurité alimentaire devrait s'aggraver davantage en 2019, exacerbée par une forte hausse des prix des aliments de base et par la crise économique. Début 2019, près de 3 millions de personnes dans le pays étaient considérées comme étant en situation d'insécurité alimentaire.

En Afrique de l'Est, une grave sécheresse a affecté les récoltes de la première saison et conduit à une dégradation des conditions de pâturages. Les plus importantes baisses de production céréalière en 2019 sont attendues au Kenya, en Somalie et au Soudan où, d'après le rapport, les récoltes devraient être inférieures à la moyenne.

En Asie, des productions de blé et d'orge inférieures à la moyenne en 2018/19 sont attendues en Corée du Nord et des inquiétudes subsistent quant aux principales cultures saisonnières de 2019, en raison de pluies de plus en plus rares et de la faiblesse de la disponibilité en eau destinée à l'irrigation. Selon la récente mission rapide d'évaluation de la sécurité alimentaire de la FAO et du PAM de 2019, plus de 10 millions de personnes, soit 40 pour cent de la population, sont actuellement en situation d'insécurité alimentaire et ont besoin d'une aide alimentaire de manière urgente.

Les conflits chroniques ont de graves répercussions sur la sécurité alimentaire

Au Proche-Orient, malgré des conditions climatiques propices aux cultures, les conflits armés en cours en Syrie et au Yémen continuent d'entraver les activités agricoles en limitant la disponibilité des intrants et en augmentant les coûts de production. Au Yémen, lors de la période allant de décembre 2018 à janvier 2019, près de 15,9 millions de personnes, soit 53 pour cent de la population, faisaient face à une situation d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë.

De même, en Afrique, la situation désastreuse de la sécurité alimentaire dans de nombreux pays, y compris en République centrafricaine, en République démocratique du Congo et au Soudan du Sud, est le résultat de conflits persistants et de l'insécurité. Au Soudan du Sud, en particulier, selon certaines estimations, de mai à juillet 2019, le nombre de personnes en situation de grave insécurité alimentaire s'élevait à presque 7 millions, soit 60% de la population

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary: July 5 – 11, 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, World

Flooding continues across Uganda while dry conditions remain in parts of West Africa

  1. A delayed rainy season over Senegal, Mali, Gambia, and Guinea Bissau resulted in abnormal dryness. Despite increased rainfall last week, deficits are forecast to persist.

  2. Below-average rainfall since April has led to early-season deficits and abnormal dryness in central Nigeria.

  3. Heavy rainfall triggered flooding in western Sudan. Continued rainfall forecast next week maintains the risk for flooding.

  4. Heavy rainfall during the past weeks has caused flooding in eastern Uganda and northwestern Kenya. Heavy rainfall forecast next week is likely to maintain high flood risk.

  5. A delayed start to monsoon rains has been marked by several consecutive weeks of below-average rainfall and 25-50% of average rainfall to date in parts of Nigeria and Cameroon.

  6. Rainfall deficits developed over the past month in southeastern Cote d’Ivoire. Abnormal dryness is likely to persist.

World: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 2, July 2019

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

AFRICA

Cyclone damage and rainfall deficits in 2019 caused significant production declines in Southern Africa, while in East Africa severe dryness reduced first season harvests and led to a degradation of rangeland conditions. Rainfall in West Africa is predicted to be below average, constraining production prospects.

ASIA Cereal production in 2019

in Far East Asia is forecast to rise marginally, mostly resting on a larger harvest in India. Similarly, in the Near East, despite damaging floods and persistent conflicts, production is set to increase for the region as a whole. Cereal production is also seen to increase in CIS Asia.

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Significant production upturn is forecast in South America in 2019, compared to last year's reduced output. In Central America and the Caribbean, irregular rains have raised concerns over the maize harvests in all countries, except Mexico, where crop prospect are favourable.

Kenya: UNHCR Kenya Factsheet: 01 – 31 May 2019

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

2,580 new arrivals were registered in May; 320 in Nairobi, 2,260 in Kakuma.

83,938 Som...

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