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World: To Walk the Earth in Safety (2019): January – December 2018, 18th Edition – Documenting the United States’ Commitment to Conventional Weapons Destruction

Source: US Department of State
Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Estonia, Georgia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Palau, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

A Message From Deputy Assistant Secretary Marik String

This 18th Edition of To Walk the Earth In Safety summarizes the United States’ Conventional Weapons Destruction (CWD) programs in 2018. CWD assistance provides the United States with a powerful and flexible tool to help partner countries manage their stockpiles of munitions, destroy excess small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) and clear explosive hazards such as landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and unexploded ordnance (UXO). Our assistance also helps countries destroy illicitly-held or poorlysecured man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and mitigate their threat to civilian aviation and public safety.

In today’s dynamic world, threats to U.S. national security abound. The work carried out by the Department of State’s Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/ WRA) through its CWD programs is essential to protecting civilians and advancing our nation’s interests. From my work as a Reserve Naval Officer and as a staff member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, I understand the need for a robust effort to secure weapons so they do not fall into the hands of nefarious actors.

Stockpiles of excess, poorly-secured, or otherwise at-risk conventional weapons remain a serious challenge to peace and prosperity in many countries. Poorly-secured munitions are illicitly diverted to terrorists and other destabilizing actors. Explosive hazards continue to kill and maim people long after conflicts have ended, preventing the safe return of displaced people and suppressing economic opportunities that are crucial to prosperity and political stability. As long as these dangers persist, it is difficult for communities to recover from conflict.

Since late 2015, the United States and our partners in the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS have cleared IEDs from critical infrastructure in Iraq and Syria including hospitals, schools, and water pumping stations, facilitating the flow of hundreds of millions of dollars in stabilization assistance and humanitarian aid into liberated areas. In this regard, explosive hazard clearance serves as an essential enabler for follow-on stabilization and humanitarian assistance. CWD programs such as this lay the foundation for long-term benefits. U.S. humanitarian demining assistance to Vietnam began in 1993 and helped set the stage for our current bilateral relationship. In the near term, across Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia, CWD programs focused on excess and poorly-secured weapons have helped keep those weapons out of the hands of criminals and terrorists.

Since 1993, the United States has provided more than $3.4 billion in CWD assistance to over 100 countries. In 2018, we had active CWD programs in 59 countries. These programs are implemented by commercial contractors, nongovernmental organizations, and international organizations.

United States CWD programs are tied to key U.S. foreign policy priorities and play a direct role in keeping U.S. citizens and our allies safe, while also clearing the way for a stable, secure, and prosperous future in countries that are key to U.S. security interests. Thanks to the U.S. Congress’ bipartisan support and generosity of the American people, we can attest that our goal remains a future in which all may walk the earth in safety.

MARIK STRING
Deputy Assistant Secretary
Political-Military Affairs

World: International Activity Report 2018

Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

THE YEAR IN REVIEW

By Dr Marc Biot, Dr Isabelle Defourny, Marcel Langenbach, Kenneth Lavelle, Bertrand Perrochet and Teresa Sancristoval, Directors of Operations

In 2018, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams provided medical and humanitarian assistance to people facing extreme hardship in over 70 countries. From treating war-wounded ever closer to frontlines in Yemen, to responding to epidemic outbreaks such as cholera in Niger, or providing assistance to people fleeing violence in the Central African Republic, emergency response continued to be a core part of our work.

As 2018 drew to a close, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) was in the midst of its second Ebola outbreak of the year, and its biggest ever. MSF was part of the response, led by the Ministry of Health. Although rapid and well-resourced, with teams having access to a promising new vaccine and several new drugs with the potential to better protect and treat people, the response, and those managing it, failed to adapt to people’s priorities, and to gain the trust of the community. This lack of trust in the health services meant people delayed or avoided seeking treatment. By the end of the year, the epidemic in North Kivu and Ituri provinces had claimed more than 360 lives and in some areas was still not under control.

Seeking care in war zones

Early in the year, Syrian civilians and medical staff were caught in the violence in Idlib, in the northwest, and in East Ghouta, near the capital Damascus. In East Ghouta, the barrage was relentless in February and March, with waves of dead and injured arriving at MSF- supported hospitals and health posts. As the siege blocked incoming aid, medical staff had few medical supplies to work with. By the end of the offensive, 19 of the 20 hospitals and clinics we supported were destroyed or abandoned, leaving civilians with few options to seek medical help.

The war in Yemen, which has left the country and its healthcare system in ruins, entered its fourth year. The Saudi- and Emirati-led coalition continued to target civilian areas with airstrikes and bombings, including our new cholera treatment centre in Abs. The war is taking a heavy toll on people, who often must negotiate constantly changing frontlines to find care for their war- wounds or their general medical needs. Yemen was the country where our teams treated the highest number of war-wounded in 2018, over 16,000 people. After a major offensive was launched in Hodeidah in June, doctors in our Aden hospital treated Hodeidah residents who had been driven for six hours, the majority of them in a critical condition. Conflict intensified on several frontlines at the end of the year, leading to an influx of people with war-related injuries. We also treated more than 150 people wounded by mines planted by Houthi-led Ansar Allah troops around Mocha. Constant attacks on our staff and patients at facilities in Ad Dhale forced us to withdraw from the town in November.

World: Logistics Cluster Global ConOps Map (June 2019)

Source: Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Indonesia, Jordan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

World: Country-Based Pooled Funds: 2018 in Review

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Somalia, South...

World: Grand Bargain: field perspectives 2018 – Briefing note

Source: Ground Truth Solutions
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Iraq, Lebanon, Myanmar, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, World

Background

Some 59 organisations have endorsed the Grand Barga...

Libya: Security Council Report Monthly Forecast, July 2019

Source: Security Council Report
Country: Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central African Republic, Colombia, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, occupied Palestinian territory, Peru, Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Yemen

Overview

Peru has the presidency in July. It is planning a briefing under the agenda item “peacebuilding and sustaining peace” focused on strengthening partnerships for nationally owned transitions. Peru’s Foreign Minister Néstor Popolizio is expected to chair the session. In addition, Peru plans to hold an open debate on the link between terrorism and organised crime and a debate on strengthening cooperation between the Council, the Secretariat and the troop- and police-contributing countries in peacekeeping operations. There will also be a briefing on implementing the “youth, peace and security” agenda.

There will be an annual debate on the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, which was established in 2010 to carry out the remaining essential functions of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia after their respective closures.

A visiting mission to Colombia is planned for the middle of the month, with a briefing and consultations by the head of the UN Verification Mission in Colombia on the Secretary-General’s 90-day report scheduled for later in the month.

There will be consultations on Haiti on the 90-day report and the transition of MINUJUSTH to the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (BINUH), a special political mission that will start on 16 October.

Regarding Europe, the mandate of the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus will be renewed this month, ahead of which there will be a TCC meeting and consultations. There may also be a briefing on Ukraine.

African issues that will be considered this month are:

• Democratic Republic of the Congo, an update on MONUSCO; and

• Libya, an update on UNSMIL and the 1970 Libya Sanctions Committee.
Regarding Middle East issues, an update on Yemen on the UN Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement (UNMHA) is anticipated in July.

The Council is also expected to renew the mandate of UNMHA, which expires on 16 July.
Other Middle East issues this month include:

• Israel/Palestine, the quarterly open debate on the Middle East;

• Lebanon, an update on the implementation of resolution 1701, which called for a cessation of hostilities between the Shi’a militant group Hezbollah and Israel in 2006; and • Syria, the monthly briefings on the humanitarian situation, the political process and the use of chemical weapons.

Regarding UN regional offices, there will be updates on UNRCCA in Central Asia and UNOWAS in West Africa.

The Council will be watching developments in Iran, Myanmar and Sudan.

World: World Bank Group Support in Situations Involving Conflict-Induced Displacement – An Independent Evaluation

Source: World Bank
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Montenegro, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the Republic of North Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zambia

Highlights

  • In 2016, the World Bank Group stepped up its engagement in situations of conflictinduced forced displacement at the global and country levels and adopted a new approach to its engagement that recognizes displacement as a development challenge that must be addressed to attain the World Bank Group’s twin goals.

  • Since fiscal year 2016, the Bank Group’s analytical, financial, and operational support has become more aligned with its stated development approach building on lessons from past engagements. This is an important shift.

  • Advisory services and analytics have shifted from providing a rationale for Bank Group engagement in situations involving conflictinduced forced displacement to contextspecific needs assessments focused on evidence-based, medium-term solutions.
    The World Bank successfully mobilized new financing to support situations involving conflict-induced forced displacement and crowded-in funding from other donors. World Bank support for populations forcibly displaced by conflict and their host communities has increased, become more balanced, and focused on priority sectors to
    generate economic opportunities. These are significant achievements.

  • At the same time, the Bank Group has not yet fully leveraged its comparative
    advantages in implementing its development approach. Evidence generated
    from analytical and advisory services needs to be translated better into
    context-specific policy dialogue, project design, and programming.
    Project design, in particular, could further address the specific needs and
    vulnerabilities of conflict-induced forcibly displaced persons and their host
    communities, especially the specific needs and vulnerabilities of the women
    and children among them. Projects should also more systematically include
    specific indicators to monitor and evaluate the effects on affected populations.

  • The World Bank engages and coordinates with humanitarian actors and
    development organizations at various levels, but coordination could be further
    strengthened. Additionally, select partnerships at the country level could be
    leveraged to ensure sector coherence and to foster policy dialogue to enact
    institutional reforms toward self-reliance that address the vulnerabilities of
    forcibly displaced persons. The Bank Group could also increase engagement
    to catalyze the private sector’s role in situations of conflict-induced forced
    displacement.

  • Internal and external factors inhibit the Bank Group’s development
    response to address situations of conflict-induced forced displacement.
    Internal factors include varying levels of active leadership in Country
    Management Units, growing but still limited Bank Group experience, and
    incentives. External factors include the varying nature of displacement
    situations, government capacity, macroeconomic and development
    challenges, and complex political economy factors.

World: MSF stands with refugees

Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, Lebanon, Nauru, Pakistan, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, World

For World Refugee Day, we share stories of survival from people forced from home

There are now 70.8 million people forced from home around the world—more than at any time in modern history. These are people who have fled extreme dangers, whether to escape armed conflict, gang violence, or other life-threatening circumstances.

Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) provides medical care to refugees and displaced people all over the world. Increasingly, we see that people on the move are trying to survive not just the harrowing challenges of migration itself, but the harmful deterrence policies put in place by governments trying to keep out migrants and asylum seekers at all costs.

For World Refugee Day, June 20, MSF is featuring stories of survival—a collection of video testimonies and first-hand accounts from people who have risked everything for a chance at safety. As an organization working with refugees and people on the move, we know that nothing—not a wall, or even an ocean—will ever stop people who are simply trying to survive.

Stories of survival

Our teams work in conflict zones where millions of people have been uprooted—including in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, South Sudan, and Democratic Republic of Congo. In Europe and the Americas, we are providing care along some of the world’s most dangerous migration routes. And we're caring for large numbers of displaced people in the world’s leading host countries for refugees, including Pakistan, Bangladesh, Lebanon, Uganda, and Ethiopia.

Some of the richest countries in the world are abandoning their international legal obligations and longstanding commitments to protect refugees and asylum seekers. In the United States, across Europe, and around the world, refugees are increasingly not welcome. Many governments are criminalizing migration, scapegoating refugees, and declaring that their countries are closed to asylum seekers. People seeking safety are being treated like criminals—and so are individuals and organizations providing lifesaving humanitarian aid.

IN FOCUS

Search and Rescue in the Mediterranean

The Rohingya refugee crisis

Humanitarian Crisis in Central America

In recent months, MSF’s lifesaving humanitarian assistance has been blocked in places like Nauru and the Mediterranean Sea as a direct result of government policies of deterrence.

Meanwhile, asylum seekers and refugees are pushed back and contained in low- and middle-income countries, where they often struggle to access the care they need. Increasingly, the world’s wealthiest nations are providing financial support and other incentives to countries willing to host refugees. This is converting international aid, which should be allocated on the basis of needs, into a tool for migration control.

What often gets lost in the heated political debates around migration are the human beings whose lives have been uprooted by extreme circumstances.

All governments must uphold their shared international obligations to protect people threatened by violence and persecution. On World Refugee Day—and every day—let’s stand with refugees.

World: En zone de conflit, une personne sur cinq souffre de troubles mentaux (OMS)

Source: UN News Service
Country: Bangladesh, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, World

De nouvelles données de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) publiées cette semaine dans la revue scientifique The Lancet révèlent les effets de vivre en zone de conflit sur la santé mentale.

Une personne sur cinq vit avec une forme de trouble mental, allant d'une dépression légère ou d'une anxiété à une psychose. Près d'une personne sur dix vit avec un trouble mental modéré ou grave.

Ces chiffres sont significativement plus élevés si on les compare à la prévalence de ces maladies dans la population générale. En effet, hors zones de conflit, « elles concernent une personne sur 14 », explique Alison Ruth Brunier, spécialiste de la santé mentale à l’OMS, au micro d’ONU info.

Ces personnes ont besoin d'obtenir un traitement et des soins, alors que leurs troubles nuisent souvent à leur capacité de fonctionner. L’accès aux soins n’est pas seulement une question d’amélioration de la santé mentale, il peut aussi être une question de survie.

L’étude a analysé cinq troubles qui frappent les personnes vivant dans les zones de conflit : la dépression, l’anxiété, le syndrome de stress post-traumatique, le désordre bipolaire ou la schizophrénie.

Cette étude permet d’évaluer l’étendue du problème, explique Alison Brunier. « La depression et l’anxiété semblent affecter davantage les personnes âgées et la dépression est plus courante chez les femmes que chez les hommes en zones de conflit ».

Selon les estimations de l'ONU, en 2019, près de 132 millions de personnes dans 42 pays du monde auront besoin d'une assistance humanitaire résultant d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe. Près de 69 millions de personnes dans le monde ont été déplacées de force par la violence et les conflits, le nombre le plus élevé depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. « Donc le problème est très grand », estime Mme Brunier.

Évaluer les besoins des populations est primordial

En 2019, l’OMS s’occupe de la santé mentale dans les pays et territoires dont la population est touchée par des urgences de grande ampleur dans le monde, comme au Bangladesh, en Iraq, en Jordanie, au Liban, au Nigéria, au Soudan du Sud, en Syrie, en Turquie, en Ukraine, en Cisjordanie ou encore dans la bande de Gaza.

Pour coordoonner la réponse en matière de santé mentale en situation d’urgence, que ce soit pendant un conflit ou après une catastrophe naturelle, la tâche première de l’OMS est d’identifier rapidement ce dont les gens ont besoin.

« La deuxième étape est de déterminer dès que possible les ressources qui sont déjà disponibles sur place pour aider ces personnes », explique Alison Brunier. Cela peut être des services gouvernementaux, des organisations non gouvernementales locales et des partenaires internationaux qui ont la capacité et les connaissances nécessaires pour gérer les problèmes de santé mentale, pour soutenir les personnes en situation de stress aigu et pour évaluer et soigner les troubles mentaux, des plus légers aux plus graves.

La troisième étape est d’aider à fournir la capacité de soutien lorsque ce qui existe n’est pas suffisant. Cela implique généralement une coordination avec les partenaires et un renforcement rapide des capacités des prestataires locaux.

« Cela passe par la formation de généralistes qui sont sur le terrain pour qu’ils puissent diagnostiquer des problèmes mentaux et après les soigner », explique la spécialiste en santé mentale. « Il est aussi nécessaire de renforcer les systèmes de santé pour les problèmes mentaux dans les pays en général pour que les pays soient préparés en cas de situation d’urgence ou humanitaire ».

Au cours de la dernière décennie, l’OMS a développé avec ses partenaires une série de guides pratiques pour aider à établir et à développer un soutien en matière de santé psychosociale et mentale dans les situations d'urgence. Elle a aussi adapté le «programme mhGAP», grâce auquel les agents de santé généraux sont formés à reconnaître et à fournir un soutien pour les troubles mentaux courants, afin de pouvoir être utilisés en cas d'urgence humanitaire.

Dans de nombreux pays du monde, l'ignorance concernant la santé mentale et la maladie mentale reste largement répandue. La prise en charge des soins de santé mentale pendant les conflits et d’autres situations d’urgence, dans les pays où ce soutien est limité, peut permettre d’identifier les personnes affectées. Dans de nombreux cas, ce soutien permet de dissiper les mythes sur la maladie mentale et d’aboutir à un traitement, à des soins et à une vie plus digne.

Mise en place de services de santé mentale de qualité

En Syrie, par exemple, avant le conflit, il n'existait pratiquement pas de soins de santé mentale en dehors des hôpitaux psychiatriques d'Alep et de Damas. Maintenant, cependant, grâce à la reconnaissance croissante du besoin de soutien, un appui psychosocial et en santé mentale a été introduit dans les établissements de santé primaires et secondaires, dans les centres communautaires et pour femmes, ainsi que dans les programmes scolaires.

Au Liban, la population de 4 millions d'habitants a encore augmenté d'un million ces dernières années, les réfugiés ayant franchi la frontière depuis la Syrie. Conscient de l’augmentation rapide des besoins en services de santé mentale, le gouvernement a saisi cette occasion pour renforcer ses services de santé mentale, de sorte qu’ils bénéficient désormais non seulement aux nouveaux arrivants, mais également à la population locale.

Le tsunami de 2004 au Sri Lanka et en Indonésie et le typhon de 2013 aux Philippines ont été le catalyseur de la décentralisation des soins de santé mentale au niveau communautaire, là où ils étaient le plus nécessaires. Dans la plupart des cas, l'infrastructure mise en place est restée une fois les crises passées, a expliqué Alison Brunier. Ce sont donc des systèmes de moyenne ou longue durée

Mais Alison Brunier précise que la majorité des personnes qui vivent dans des situations de de conflit n’ont pas accès aux soins de santé mentale. Donc il reste encore beaucoup à faire.

Tous les pays ont l'obligation d'investir dans la santé mentale. Mais il est particulièrement important dans les populations touchées par un conflit où le taux de problèmes de santé mentale est plus du double de celui de la population en général.

World: 100 Years of Fighting for Children – Annual report 2018

Source: Save the Children
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Rep...

Yemen: Security Council Report Monthly Forecast, June 2019

Source: Security Council Report
Country: Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central African Republic, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Yemen

Overview

Kuwait will hold the presidency in June. Three high-level briefings are planned: on protection of civilians and missing persons in armed conflict, on conflict prevention and mediation, and on regional cooperation. All three briefings will be chaired by Kuwaiti Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sheikh Sabah Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah. OCHA Under-Secretary-General Mark Lowcock and a representative from the ICRC are expected to brief at the “missing persons in conflict” meeting. Secretary-General António Guterres; Mary Robinson, the chair of the Elders; and Ban Ki-moon, a deputy chair of the Elders, are the anticipated briefers for the conflict prevention and mediation briefing.
Guterres and the League of Arab States (LAS)
Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul-Gheit may brief during the third of the meetings, on cooperation between the UN and the League of Arab States.

Kuwait, the chair of the Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Questions, is also planning to hold an open debate on working methods.

Adoptions are scheduled to renew the Democratic Republic of the Congo sanctions and the authorisation for member states to inspect vessels on the high seas off the coast of Libya. A further three adoptions are scheduled to renew the mandates of the missions in Darfur (UNAMID), the Golan Heights (UNDOF) and Mali (MINUSMA). Ahead of the adoptions there will be consultations on UNDOF, and briefing and consultations on UNAMID and MINUSMA as well as TCC meetings on all three missions.

Meetings on other African issues this month include:

• Central African Republic, on the activities of MINUSCA;

• Somalia, a briefing by the chair of the 751 Somalia Sanctions Committee;

• South Sudan, on the activities of UNMISS;

• Sudan, the semi-annual briefing by the ICC prosecutor and the quarterly briefing by the chair of the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee; and

• UNOCA/LRA, an update on the activities of UNOCA (Central Africa) and the regional strategy to combat the Lord’s Resistant Army.

In addition to the monthly meeting on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question, other Middle East issues that will be considered include:

• Syria, the monthly briefings on the humanitarian situation, the political process, and the use of chemical weapons;

• Iran, the implementation of resolution 2231, which endorsed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear programme; and

• Yemen, an update on the implementation of resolution 2452, which established the UN Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement.

The annual briefing by force commanders will be by commanders of peacekeeping missions in Cyprus (UNFICYP) and Darfur (UNAMID).

In June, the Council will have the second of three briefings on the situation in Kosovo scheduled this year.

Regarding Asian issues there will be the regular debate on Afghanistan.

There may be a Council visiting mission during the month.

Finally, the General Assembly is scheduled to elect five non-permanent Security Council members on 7 June. Six member states— Estonia, Niger, Romania, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Viet Nam—are running for the five available seats. Estonia and Romania are contesting the single Eastern European Group seat, while the other four candidates will run unopposed.

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