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South Sudan: UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report, 1- 31 December 2018

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: South Sudan

Highlights

  • The cumulative effects of years of conflict, violence and destroyed livelihoods have left more than 7 million people, approximately two thirds of the population, in dire need of humanitarian assistance and protection in 2019, the same proportion as in 2018. While the situation is no longer escalating rapidly, the country remains in the grip of a serious humanitarian crisis. Overall, the revitalized peace process promises to offer new opportunities in 2019 for South Sudan’s women, men and children.

  • In 2018, UNICEF in coordination with partners reached 205,641 children suffering from SAM, approximately 257,842 children with psychosocial support (PSS), 265,312 with WASH services and 1,653,640 children with curative health services.

  • Through national and state level task forces, UNICEF and partners continue to closely monitor the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), intensifying preventive and preparedness activities in targeted high-risk areas and potential points of entry.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

In 2018, UNICEF and humanitarian partners continued to face restrictions on humanitarian access that limited and/or prevented life-saving assistance and services from reaching vulnerable children. Over the course of the year, UNICEF and partners faced at least 80 access incidents, which limited sustained access to an estimated 400,000 people mostly women and children, while according to OCHA, the humanitarian community at large faced over 800 access incidents.

Violence and intimidation against aid workers, ongoing armed hostilities and bureaucratic impediments were the main access challenges confronted by humanitarians in South Sudan in 2018. Over 50 per cent of all access incidents (442) involved violence against humanitarian personnel and assets, including killings, abductions, illegal detention and robberies along roads and within compounds. Bureaucratic impediments and operational interference also remain key challenges for predictable and efficient emergency programmes.

Despite the overall reduction in armed hostilities following the February 2018 Ceasefire Agreement and the 12 September signing of the Revitalized Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (RARCSS), armed clashes and insecurity continue to impede and prevent humanitarian operations specifically within Central Equatoria. In Central Equatoria, ongoing hostilities between the SSPDF and multiple non-state armed actors, attacks against civilians and robberies/abductions along main roads are impeding access to an estimated 200,000 people in the greater Yei area.

The 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview, published December 2018, illustrates that conflict and associated economic decline have eroded the Government’s ability to provide consistent basic services to its people. Currently, one primary health center serves an average of 50,000 people. Only 40 per cent of nutrition treatment centers have access to safe water, a gap that puts more vulnerable people, particularly women, boys and girls, at risk of malnutrition and disease.
Only about one in five childbirths involves a skilled health care worker and the maternal mortality ratio is estimated at 789 per 100,000 live births. Every third school has been damaged, destroyed, occupied or closed since 2013, and more than 70 per cent of children who should be attending classes are not receiving an education.

Through national and state level task forces, UNICEF and partners continue to closely monitor the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), intensifying preventive and preparedness activities in targeted high-risk areas and potential points of entry. Priority preparedness activities include surveillance, screening at points of entry, and capacity development on case management, safe and dignified burial, pre-positioning of supplies and risk communication to increase community awareness on EVD. Following a prioritization exercise on EVD preparedness on 17 November and feedback from the joint independent monitoring mission (15-19 November), UNICEF continued providing preparedness support, primarily on risk communication and WASH activities.

World: To Walk the Earth in Safety (2018): Documenting the United States’ Commitment to Conventional Weapons Destruction

Source: US Department of State
Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Micronesia (Federated States of), Montenegro, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Palau, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

"This 17th Edition of To Walk the Earth In Safety summarizes the United States' CWD programs in 2017. CWD assistance provides the United States with a powerful and flexible tool to help partner countries manage their stockpiles of munitions, destroy excess small arms and light weapons (SA/LW) and clear explosive hazards such as landmines, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and UXO. Our assistance also helps countries destroy or enhance security of their man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and their threat to civilian aviation, in addition to other weapons and munitions. ... Thanks to the U.S. Congress’ bipartisan support and support of the American people, we can attest that our goal remains one where all may walk the earth in safety." -- Message From Under Secretary Andrea Thompson

South Sudan: South Sudan Displacement Crisis – Protection, Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas in South Sudan, December 2018

Source: REACH Initiative
Country: South Sudan

Overview

The continuation of conflict since December 2013 has created a complex humanitarian crisis in the country, restricting humanitarian access and hindering the flow of information required by aid pa...

South Sudan: South Sudan Displacement Crisis – Protection, Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas in South Sudan, November 2018

Source: REACH Initiative
Country: South Sudan

Overview

The continuation of conflict since December 2013 has created a complex humanitarian crisis in the country, restricting humanitarian access and hindering the flow of information required by aid pa...

World: Le monde a failli à son devoir de protection envers les enfants pris dans des conflits en 2018

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

NEW YORK, le 28 décembre 2018 – Des millions d’enfants vivant dans des pays touchés par des conflits armés voient leur avenir menacé tandis que les parties belligérantes continuent de bafouer leurs droits et que les dirigeants du monde échouent à leur demander des comptes, a déclaré l’UNICEF aujourd’hui.

« Les enfants qui vivent dans des zones touchées par des conflits à travers le monde ont continué à subir des violences d’une ampleur inouïe au cours des 12 derniers mois et le monde les a une fois de plus abandonnés », déplore Manuel Fontaine, Directeur des programmes d’urgence de l’UNICEF. « Depuis trop longtemps, les parties aux conflits commettent des atrocités dans une impunité presque totale, et la situation est loin de s’améliorer. Bien plus d’efforts peuvent et doivent être déployés pour protéger les enfants et leur venir en aide. »

En temps de guerre, les enfants sont directement pris pour cible, sont utilisés en tant que boucliers humains, sont tués, mutilés ou recrutés pour les combats. De la Syrie au Yémen, de la République démocratique du Congo au Nigéria, en passant par le Soudan du Sud et le Myanmar, les viols, les mariages forcés et les enlèvements sont devenus des armes de guerre à part entière.

Durant l’année 2018 :

  • En Afghanistan, la violence et les bains de sang continuent de faire partie du quotidien. Près de 5 000 enfants ont été tués ou mutilés au cours des trois premiers trimestres de l’année 2018, le même nombre de victimes que pour toute l’année 2017. Dans ce pays, les enfants représentent 87 % des victimes civiles des restes explosifs de guerre.

  • Au Cameroun, le conflit s’est aggravé dans les régions du nord-ouest et du sud-ouest, et les écoles, les élèves et leurs enseignants sont régulièrement pris pour cible. En novembre, plus de 80 personnes, dont de nombreux enfants, ont été enlevées dans une école située à Nkwen, dans le nord-ouest du pays, avant d’être relâchées quelques jours plus tard. À ce jour, 93 villages auraient été partiellement ou totalement incendiés en raison du conflit qui sévit dans ces régions, et de nombreux enfants ont été exposés à des actes d’une extrême violence.

  • En République centrafricaine, une recrudescence dramatique des combats a frappé la majeure partie du pays et deux enfants sur trois ont besoin d’une aide humanitaire.

  • En République démocratique du Congo, les violences interethniques et les affrontements entre les forces de sécurité et les groupes armés ou les milices dans la région du Grand Kasaï ainsi que dans les provinces de la Tanganyika, du Sud-Kivu, du Nord-Kivu et de l’Ituri, dans l’est du pays, ont eu des répercussions dévastatrices sur les enfants. Les violences et l’instabilité ont gravement sapé les efforts déployés pour enrayer l’épidémie du virus Ebola qui sévit actuellement dans l’est du pays. Par ailleurs, 4,2 millions d’enfants sont à risque de souffrir de malnutrition aiguë sévère, selon les estimations. La situation est d’autant plus grave que les enfants voient leurs droits bafoués, notamment avec les recrutements forcés par des groupes armés ou les violences sexuelles.

  • En Iraq, en dépit d’une nette accalmie des combats, quatre enfants ont été tués en novembre dans le nord du pays lorsque le camion qui les emmenait à l’école a été attaqué. Les familles et les enfants qui rentrent chez eux dans des régions qui ont été gravement éprouvées par les violences sont toujours exposés au danger des engins non explosés. Des milliers de familles restent déplacées et doivent actuellement faire face aux températures hivernales et aux inondations soudaines.

  • Dans le bassin du lac Tchad, le conflit en cours, les déplacements et les attaques ciblant les écoles, les enseignants et d’autres infrastructures éducatives menacent l’éducation de 3,5 millions d’enfants. Actuellement, dans la région qui englobe le nord-est du Nigéria, la région du lac Tchad, l’extrême nord du Cameroun et la région de Diffa au Niger, au moins 1 041 écoles sont fermées ou ne fonctionnent pas en raison de la violence, de la peur des attaques ou de l’instabilité, perturbant l’éducation de près de 445 000 enfants.

  • Une flambée récente de la violence dans la région frontalière entre le Mali, le Burkina Faso et le Niger a entraîné la fermeture de 1 478 écoles.

  • Au Myanmar, l’ONU continue de recevoir des informations indiquant que le droit des Rohingyas à rester dans l’État de Rakhine, dans le nord du pays, est toujours bafoué. Ces informations font notamment état de tueries, de disparitions et d’arrestations arbitraires. Le droit des Rohingyas à circuler librement est largement restreint et ils ne peuvent accéder aux services de santé et à l’éducation, y compris dans le centre de l’État de Rakhine. Il est impératif de garantir que les enfants ont accès à une éducation de qualité et à d’autres services essentiels pour éviter une « génération perdue » d’enfants rohingyas privés des compétences nécessaires pour contribuer au développement de leur société.

  • Dans le nord-est du Nigéria, des groupes armés, notamment des factions de Boko Haram, continuent de s’en prendre aux filles, qui sont violées, victimes de mariages forcés avec les combattants ou utilisées en tant que « bombes humaines ». En février, le groupe a enlevé 110 filles et un garçon dans un établissement d’enseignement technique à Dapchi, dans l’État de Yobe. La plupart des enfants ont été libérés depuis, mais cinq filles sont mortes et une autre est toujours retenue en esclavage.

  • En Palestine, plus de 50 enfants ont été tués et des centaines de plus blessés cette année, généralement lors de manifestations contre la détérioration des conditions de vie à Gaza. Les enfants de Palestine et d’**Israël** sont exposés à la peur, au traumatisme et aux blessures.

  • Au Soudan du Sud, 6,1 million de personnes souffrent d’une faim extrême à cause des conflits et de l’insécurité qui ont touché le pays tout au long de la saison annuelle de soudure. Même avec l’arrivée de la saison des pluies, plus de 43 % de la population continue de vivre dans l’insécurité alimentaire. Si la promesse d’un nouvel accord de paix offre une lueur d’espoir aux enfants, les rapports faisant état de violences extrêmes à l’encontre des femmes et des enfants continuent d’affluer, notamment à Bentiu, où plus de 150 femmes et filles auraient récemment été victimes de terribles agressions sexuelles.

  • En Somalie, plus de 1 800 enfants ont été recrutés par des parties au conflit durant les neuf premiers mois de l’année et 1 278 enfants ont été enlevés.

  • En Syrie, entre les mois de janvier et de septembre, l’ONU a confirmé l’assassinat de 870 enfants – c’est le nombre d’assassinats le plus élevé jamais enregistré en cette période de l’année depuis le début du conflit en 2011. Les attaques se sont poursuivies jusqu’à la fin de l’année, tuant 30 enfants dans le village d’Al Shafa, situé dans l’est du pays, en novembre.

  • Dans l’**est de l’Ukraine**, le confit qui fait rage depuis plus de quatre ans a eu des effets dévastateurs sur le système éducatif, détruisant et endommageant des centaines d’écoles et forçant 700 000 enfants à apprendre dans des environnements précaires, au milieu de la violence des combats et des dangers posés par les engins de guerre non explosés. La situation est particulièrement grave pour les 400 000 enfants qui vivent à moins de 20 km de la « ligne de contact », qui marque la séparation entre les régions contrôlées par le gouvernement et les autres. Les tirs d’artillerie et les niveaux extrêmement élevés de contamination par les mines constituent une menace mortelle pour les enfants qui vivent à proximité de cette ligne.

  • Et au Yémen, l’ONU a confirmé que 1 427 enfants avaient été tués ou mutilés dans des attaques, notamment dans une attaque « inadmissible » visant un bus scolaire à Saada. Les écoles et les hôpitaux sont fréquemment pris pour cible ou sont utilisés à des fins militaires, privant les enfants de leur droit à l’éducation et à des soins de santé. Cette situation alimente la situation de crise déjà présente dans ce pays où un enfant meurt d’une maladie évitable toutes les 10 minutes et où la malnutrition aiguë sévère touche 400 000 enfants.

« L’année 2019 marque le 30e anniversaire de la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant et le 70e anniversaire des Conventions de Genève. Pourtant, au cours des trois dernières décennies, il n’y a jamais eu autant de pays impliqués dans des conflits internes ou internationaux. Les enfants qui vivent dans des régions en conflit font partie de ceux qui ont le moins de chances de voir leurs droits respectés. Il faut arrêter de prendre les enfants pour cible », déclare Manuel Fontaine.

L’UNICEF appelle toutes les parties belligérantes à respecter leurs obligations en vertu du droit international et à cesser immédiatement de porter atteinte aux droits de l’enfant et de cibler des infrastructures civiles, notamment les établissements scolaires, les hôpitaux et les infrastructures d’approvisionnement en eau. L’UNICEF appelle également tous les États susceptibles de faire pression sur les parties au conflit à exercer cette influence pour protéger les enfants.

« Bien plus d’efforts doivent être déployés pour éviter les guerres et pour mettre un terme aux nombreux conflits armés qui détruisent la vie des enfants. Mais en attendant, nous ne pouvons en aucun cas accepter que les enfants soient pris pour cible. Nous devons confronter les parties belligérantes à leur obligation de protéger les enfants. Faute de quoi, les enfants, leur famille et leur communauté continueront de subir les conséquences dévastatrices de ces conflits, non seulement maintenant, mais tout au long des années à venir », ajoute-t-il.

L’UNICEF travaille avec ses partenaires dans tous ces pays afin de fournir des services de santé, de nutrition, d’éducation et de protection aux enfants les plus vulnérables. En octobre, par exemple, l’UNICEF a participé à la libération de 833 enfants recrutés par des forces armées dans le nord-est du Nigéria et travaille actuellement avec ces enfants afin de les aider à réintégrer leur communauté. Depuis le début du conflit au Soudan du Sud il y a cinq ans, l’UNICEF a permis à près de 6 000 enfants non accompagnés et séparés de retrouver leur famille. Au Bangladesh, en 2018, l’UNICEF est venu en aide à des milliers d’enfants rohingyas réfugiés en leur fournissant un soutien psychiatrique et psychosocial. En Iraq, l’UNICEF travaille avec ses partenaires pour fournir des services spécialisés aux femmes et aux enfants victimes de violences liées au genre.

Contacts presse

Joe English
UNICEF New York
Tél: +1 917 893 0692
Adresse électronique: jenglish@unicef.org

World: World has failed to protect children in conflict in 2018: UNICEF

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: World, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Yemen

Widespread violations against children in conflict continue in shocking year-on-year trend

NEW YORK, 28 December 2018 – The futures of millions of children living in countries affected by armed conflict are at risk, as warring parties continue to commit grave violations against children, and world leaders fail to hold perpetrators accountable – UNICEF said today.

“Children living in conflict zones around the world have continued to suffer through extreme levels of violence over the past 12 months, and the world has continued to fail them,” said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Director of Emergency Programmes. “For too long, parties to conflict have been committing atrocities with near-total impunity, and it is only getting worse. Much more can and must be done to protect and assist children.”

Children living in countries at war have come under direct attack, have been used as human shields, killed, maimed or recruited to fight. Rape, forced marriage and abduction have become standard tactics in conflicts from Syria to Yemen, and from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Nigeria, South Sudan and Myanmar.

Over the course of 2018:

In Afghanistan, violence and bloodshed remain a daily occurrence, with some 5,000 children killed or maimed within the first three quarters of 2018, equal to all of 2017, and children making up 89 per cent of civilian casualties from explosive remnants of war.

Cameroon has seen an escalation of the conflict in the North-West and South-West regions of the country, with schools, students and teachers often coming under attack. In November, more than 80 people, including many children, were abducted from a school in Nkwen, in the north-west of the country and released a few days later. To date, 93 villages have allegedly been partially or totally burned due to conflict in the areas, with many children experiencing extreme levels of violence.

In the Central African Republic, a dramatic resurgence in fighting has enveloped much of the country, with two out of three children in need of humanitarian assistance.

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, inter-ethnic violence and clashes between security forces and armed groups/militia in the Great Kasai-region and in the eastern provinces of Tanganyika, South Kivu, Nord Kivu and Ituri have had a devastating impact on children. The response to the ongoing Ebola outbreak has been seriously hindered by violence and instability in eastern DRC. In addition, an estimated 4.2 million children are at risk of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). The situation is compounded by violations of children's rights, including forced recruitment by armed groups and sexual abuse.

In Iraq, even as fighting has largely subsided, four children were killed in November in the north of the country when the truck they were travelling to school in came under attack. Children and families returning to their homes in areas previously impacted by heavy violence continue to be exposed to the danger of unexploded ordnance. Thousands of families remain displaced and now face the additional threats of freezing winter temperatures and flash floods.

In the Lake Chad basin, ongoing conflict, displacement and attacks on schools, teachers and other education facilities have put the education of 3.5 million children at risk. Today in northeast Nigeria, the Lake region of Chad, extreme north of Cameroon and Diffa region of Niger, at least 1,041 schools are closed or non-functional due to violence, fear of attacks, or unrest, affecting nearly 445,000 children.

A recent surge in violence in the border region between Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger has left 1,478 schools closed.

In Myanmar, the UN continues to receive reports of ongoing violations of the rights of Rohingya remaining in northern Rakhine State, which include allegations of killings, disappearances and arbitrary arrests. There are also widespread restrictions on the rights to freedom of movement and barriers to access health and education including in central Rakhine State. Ensuring children have access to quality education and other essential services will avert a ‘lost generation’ of Rohingya children; otherwise, they will lack the skills they need to contribute to society.

In northeast Nigeria, armed groups, including Boko Haram factions, continue to target girls, who are raped, forced to become wives of fighters or used as ‘human bombs’. In February, the group abducted 110 girls and one boy from a technical college in Dapchi, Yobe State. While most of the children have since been released, five girls died and one is still being held captive as a slave.

In Palestine, over 50 children were killed and hundreds more injured this year, many whilst demonstrating against deteriorating living conditions in Gaza. Children in Palestine and Israel have been exposed to fear, trauma and injuries.

In South Sudan, relentless conflict and insecurity throughout the annual lean season pushed 6.1 million people into extreme hunger. Even with the advent of the rainy season, more than 43 per cent of the population remain food insecure. While the promise of a revitalized peace-agreement offers a glimmer of hope for children, reports of extreme violence against women and children continue, most recently in Bentiu, where more than 150 women and girls reported suffering horrific sexual assault.

In Somalia, more than 1,800 children were recruited by parties to the conflict in the first nine months of the year, with 1,278 children abducted.

In Syria, between January and September, the UN verified the killing of 870 children – the highest number ever in the first nine months of any year since the start of the conflict in 2011. Attacks continued throughout the year, including the killing of 30 children in the eastern village of Al Shafa in November.

In eastern Ukraine, more than four years of conflict have taken a devastating toll on the education system, destroying and damaging hundreds of schools and forcing 700,000 children to learn in fragile environments, amidst volatile fighting and the dangers posed by unexploded weapons of war. The situation is particularly severe for 400,000 children who live within 20km of the “contact line”, which divides the government and non-government-controlled areas and where shelling and extreme levels of mine-contamination pose a lethal threat.

And in Yemen, the UN has verified 1,427 children killed or maimed in attacks, including an ‘unconscionable’ attack on a school bus in Sa’ada. Schools and hospitals have come under frequent attack or been used for military purposes, denying children access to their right to education and health care. This is further fueling a crisis in a country where every 10 minutes, a child dies due to preventable diseases, and 400,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition.

“2019 marks the 30th anniversary of the landmark Convention on the Rights of the Child and the 70th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, yet today, more countries are embroiled in internal or international conflict than at any other time in the past three decades. Children living through conflict are among the least likely to be guaranteed their rights. Attacks on children must end,” Fontaine said.

UNICEF calls on all warring parties to abide by their obligations under international law to immediately end violations against children and the targeting of civilian infrastructure, including schools, hospitals and water infrastructure. UNICEF also calls on states with influence over parties to conflict to use that influence to protect children.

“Much more needs to be done to prevent wars, and to end the many disastrous armed conflicts devastating children’s lives. Yet even as wars continue, we must never accept attacks against children. We must hold warring parties to their obligation to protect children. Otherwise, it is children, their families and their communities who will continue to suffer the devastating consequences, for now, and for years to come,” Fontaine said.

Across all these countries, UNICEF works with partners to provide the most vulnerable children with health, nutrition, education and child protection services. For example, in October, UNICEF helped to secure the release of 833 children recruited into armed forces in northeast Nigeria, and are working these children to reintegrate them into their communities. Since conflict broke out in South Sudan five years ago, UNICEF has reunited almost 6,000 unaccompanied and separated children with their families. In Bangladesh, in 2018, UNICEF reached thousands of Rohingya refugee children with mental health and psychosocial support. In Iraq, UNICEF is working with partners to provide specialized services to women and children affected by gender-based violence.

###

Notes for editors:

Multimedia materials available here: https://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIFI7QW8B

Find out more about UNICEF’s work for children in conflict here: uni.cf/childrenunderattack

ABOUT UNICEF

UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone. For more information about UNICEF and its work for children, visit www.unicef.org

Follow UNICEF onTwitter and Facebook

For more information please contact:
Joe English, UNICEF New York. +1 917 893 0692 jenglish@unicef.org

World: Documenting the United States’ Commitment to Conventional Weapons Destruction: To Walk the Earth in Safety (January–December 2017)

Source: Government of the United States of America
Country: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Colombia, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Georgia, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Marshall Islands, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Palau, Senegal, Serbia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Stockpiles of excess, poorly-secured, or otherwise at-risk conventional weapons continue to pose a challenge to peace and prosperity worldwide. In the wrong hands, SA/LW fuel political instability and violence, while more advanced conventional weapons, such as MANPADS, pose a serious threat to international security. Aging munitions stockpiles may also explode without warning, devastating nearby population centers. Meanwhile, landmines and ERW, including cluster munition remnants, artillery shells, and mortars, continue to kill and maim people even after conflicts end. Clearing land paves the way for stabilization assistance to move forward, allowing displaced persons to return home, economic revitalization to begin, and political stability to take root.

The U.S. Government’s Collaborative Approach

The United States is committed to reducing these threats worldwide and is the leading financial supporter of CWD, providing more than $3.2 billion in assistance to more than 100 countries since 1993. This makes the United States the world’s single largest financial supporter of CWD. The Department of State, Department of Defense, and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) work together with foreign governments, private companies, and international and nongovernmental organizations to reduce excess SA/LW and conventional munitions stockpiles (including MANPADS), implement physical security and stockpile management (PSSM) best practices at conventional weapons storage sites, and carry out humanitarian mine action programs.

The Department of State, through the Political-Military Affairs Bureau’s Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA), manages CWD assistance and oversees programs in 47 countries in 2017. It also leads the U.S. Interagency MANPADS Task Force, which coordinates counter-MANPADS efforts by the Departments of State, Defense, Homeland Security, and other relevant stakeholders, and helps partner nations eliminate or better secure their MANPADS. The Department of Defense Humanitarian Demining Training Center (HDTC) trains deminers, ammunition handlers, and stockpile managers from partner countries. The Department of Defense Humanitarian Demining Research and Development Program (HD R&D) improves CWD technologies, enhancing the efficiency and safety of humanitarian demining operations around the world. USAID assists mine and UXO survivors, providing medical and rehabilitative care, through its Leahy War Victims Fund.

Department of State Support for CWD

Through PM/WRA, the Department of State has managed more than 68 percent (over $2.2 billion) of the United States’ more than $3.2 billion contribution to CWD since 1993, with a three-fold objective:

  1. Enhance U.S. and international security by destroying and securing SA/LW, including MANPADS, at risk of proliferation to terrorists, insurgents, and other violent non-state actors;

  2. Remediate explosive remnants of war (ERW), returning land to safe and productive use; and 3. Accelerate achievement of U.S. foreign policy objectives by broadening support for CWD efforts.

PM/WRA partners with nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, educational institutions, and private sector contractors to implement its programs. Robust project performance standards, enhanced monitoring and evaluation strategies, and a comprehensive program planning process guide PM/WRA’s resource allocation decisions and hold implementing partners accountable.

The measurable, tangible results that flow from the U.S. government’s commitment to CWD programs strongly support U.S. foreign policy priorities. In addition, these programs help protect the lives and livelihoods of civilians so they can more safely remain in their own countries. We look forward to continuing this important work.

South Sudan: South Sudan Displacement Crisis – Protection, Assessment of Hard-to-Reach Areas in South Sudan, October 2018

Source: REACH Initiative
Country: South Sudan

Overview

The continuation of conflict since December 2013 has created a complex humanitarian crisis in the country, restricting humanitarian access and hindering the flow of information required by aid pa...

South Sudan: South Sudan: 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) January – December 2019, December 2018

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda

PEOPLE IN NEED 7.1M

PEOPLE TARGETED 5.7M

REQUIREMENTS (US$) 1.5B

NUMBER OF HUMA...

Uganda: The Democratic Republic of Congo Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) January 2019 – December 2020

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Uganda, United ...

World: Aperçu de la Situation Humanitaire Mondiale 2019 – Version Abrégée

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale

PERSONNES DANS
LE BESOIN 131,7M

PERSONNES DEVANT
RECEVOIR UNE AIDE 93,6M

BESOINS FINANCIERS *
USD 21,9Md

Tendances et défis mondiaux

Malgré les progrès du développement mondial, une personne sur 70 dans le monde est en proie à
une crise et a besoin d’assistance humanitaire et de protection d’urgence.

De plus en plus de personnes sont déplacées par les conflits. Le nombre de personnes déplacées
de force est passé de 59,5 millions en 2014 à 68,5 millions en 2017.

Les catastrophes naturelles et le changement climatique ont un coût humain élevé. Les
catastrophes affectent 350 millions de personnes en moyenne chaque année et causent des
milliards de dollars de dégâts.

L’insécurité alimentaire est en augmentation. En juste deux ans, entre 2015 et 2017, le nombre
de personnes confronté à l’insécurité alimentaire de niveau critique ou pire a augmenté de 80
millions à 124 millions de personnes.

Les crises exacerbent les inégalités entre les sexes. Dans les situations de conflit, les filles ont
une probabilité 2,5 fois plus importante que les garçons d’être déscolarisées.

Les crises humanitaires affectent un plus grand nombre de personnes et durent plus longtemps.
Le nombre de personnes ciblées pour recevoir une assistance dans le cadre des Plans de réponse
humanitaire (HRP) des Nations unies a augmenté de 77 millions en 2014 à 101 millions en 2018.

Les crises humanitaires durent aujourd’hui, en moyenne, plus de neuf ans. Près de trois-quarts
des personnes ciblées pour recevoir de l’assistance en 2018 se trouvent dans des pays affectés
par une crise humanitaire depuis sept ans ou plus.

Les organisations humanitaires réussissent de plus en plus à sauver des vies et à réduire les
souffrances mais de nombreux besoins restent encore sans réponse.

Malgré une augmentation importante des financements de 10,6 milliards de dollars en 2014 à
13,9 milliards de dollars en 2017, le manque de financement des plans de réponse humanitaire
des Nations unies stagne à environ 40%.

2018 est en passe d’être une autre année record pour le financement humanitaire. Au 19
novembre, les donateurs et partenaires avaient fait état de contributions de 13,9 milliards de
dollars aux Plans de réponse humanitaire par rapport à 12,6 milliards de dollars à la même
période l’année dernière.

Les niveaux de financement ont également augmenté. Au 19 novembre, le financement des Plans
de réponse était de 56% par rapport à 52% à la même période en 2018.

Le financement humanitaire mondial a atteint un nouveau summum de 22 milliards de dollars par
rapport aux 21,5 milliards de dollars levés en 2017.

Les crises majeures et prolongées reçoivent la majorité des ressources. Entre 2014 et 2018,
quatre crises – en Somalie, au Soudan du Sud, au Soudan et en Syrie – ont comptabilisé à elles
seules 55% de tous les financements demandés et reçus.

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 – Abridged version [EN/AR/ES/ZH]

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

At a glance

PEOPLE IN NEED 131.7M
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE AID 93.6M
FUNDING REQUIRED* $21.9B

Global trends and challenges

Despite global development gains, one in every 70 people around the world is caught up in crisis and urgently needs humanitarian assistance and protection.

More people are being displaced by conflict. The number of forcibly displaced people rose from 59.5 million in 2014 to 68.5 million in 2017.

Natural disasters and climate change have a high human cost. Disasters affect 350 million people on average each year and cause billions of dollars of damage.

Food insecurity is rising. In just two years between 2015 and 2017, the number of people experiencing crisis-level food insecurity or worse increased from 80 million to 124 million people.

Crises exacerbate gender inequalities. Girls in conflict settings are 2.5 times more likely to be out of school than boys.

Humanitarian crises affect more people, for longer. The number of people targeted to receive assistance through UN-led humanitarian response plans (HRPs) increased from 77 million in 2014 to 101 million in 2018.

The average humanitarian crisis now lasts more than nine years. Nearly three quarters of people targeted to receive assistance in 2018 are in countries affected by humanitarian crisis for seven years or more.

Humanitarian organizations are increasingly successful in saving lives and reducing suffering, but many needs still remain unmet.

Despite a significant increase in funding, from $10.6 billion in 2014 to $13.9 billion in 2017, the gap in coverage for UN-led humanitarian response plans hovers at about 40 per cent. 2018 is on track to be another record year for humanitarian funding. As of 19 November, donors and partners have reported contributions of $13.9 billion to HRPs, compared with $12.6 billion at the same time last year.

Coverage rates have also increased. As of 19 November, coverage for HRPs was at 56 per cent, compared with 52 per cent at the same time in 2018.

Global humanitarian funding has reached a new high of $22 billion, surpassing the $21.5 billion raised in 2017.

Large protracted crises command the majority of resources. Between 2014 and 2018, just four crises – Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Syria – accounted for 55 per cent of all funding requested and received.

South Sudan: Ambassador of Japan to South Sudan, the United Nations DSRSG/RC/HC, representatives of the National Mine Action Authority, and UNMAS Programme Manager visit Kasire Village in Rajaf

Source: Government of Japan, UN Mine Action Service, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan
Country: Japan, South Sudan

Juba, 6 December 2018 – A high-level delegation of the Embassy of Japan in South Sudan, the United Nations, and th...

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN APPEAL AIMS TO REACH 93.6 MILLION PEOPLE WITH ASSISTANCE IN 2019

Crises affect more people, for longer, and conflict remains the main driver of humanitarian and protection needs. The Global Humanitarian Overview presents detailed, prioritized and costed plans for how the United Nations and partner organizations will respond worldwide

(Geneva, 4 December 2018) – The world is witnessing extremely high levels of humanitarian need driven primarily by armed conflicts that generate enormous suffering and displacement for years on end.

In 2019, nearly 132 million people across the world will need humanitarian assistance. The United Nations and its partner organizations aim to assist 93.6 million of the most vulnerable with food, shelter, health care, emergency education, protection and other basic assistance, according to the Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 (GHO) presented by Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock today in Geneva.

Funding requirements for 2019 amount to US$21.9 billion. This figure does not include the financial requirements for Syria, which will be confirmed upon finalization of the 2019 Syria Humanitarian Response Plan. It is expected that total requirements, including those for Syria, will be comparable to current requirements of around $25 billion. Donors have this year provided a record $13.9 billion, as of mid-November, about 10 per cent more than at the same time in 2017, which was itself a record.

“Donors are increasingly generous, yet every year there is a gap between what is required and the funding received,” Mr. Lowcock said. “Early action and innovative financing, such as risk insurance and contingency financing, can help close this gap. Improved coordination with development programming in 2019 can also help reduce overall future requirements by tackling the root causes of humanitarian need and strengthening community resilience.”

Over recent years, the average length of Humanitarian Response Plans – the individual country plans which combined make up the annual GHO – have increased from 5.2 years in 2014 to 9.3 years in 2018. The numbers of people affected, and the financial requirements to meet their urgent needs, have also gone up year after year. Large, protracted crises have commanded the majority of resources. Between 2014 and 2018, the crises in Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Syria alone accounted for 55 per cent of all funding requested and received.

Natural disasters and climate change also have a high human cost. Disasters affect 350 million people on average each year and cause billions of dollars in damage.

The humanitarian community continues to deliver, more and better, and has reached tens of millions of people in 41 countries in 2018 through coordinated response plans. For example, every month humanitarians reach 8 million Yemenis with food assistance and 5.4 million people in Syria with supplies, medical assistance and protection. This is happening even as threats to the safety of aid workers are on the rise.

“The humanitarian system today is more effective than ever. We are better at identifying different groups’ specific needs and vulnerabilities and quicker to respond when disaster strikes.

"Response plans are now more inclusive, comprehensive, innovative and prioritized,” Mr. Lowcock said.

Affected people themselves have informed the coordinated response plans in face-to-face interviews and assessments are carried out at local community level. In addition, dedicated networks are active in at least 20 countries to protect people from sexual exploitation and abuse.

The Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 and World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018 documents are available online www.unocha.org/global-humanitarian-overview-2019

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