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South Sudan: UNHCR Position on returns to South Sudan – Update II

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: South Sudan

April 2019

This position supersedes and replaces UNHCR’s April 2015 Position on Returns to South Sudan – Update I

Introduction

Since the signature of the Revitalized Agreement on the...

South Sudan: South Sudan Situation Report,18 April 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: South Sudan

HIGHLIGHTS

More than 75,000 children to receive education in emergency services
Nearly 20,000 people received Yellow Fever vaccine in Sakura, Nzara County
Food insec...

South Sudan: South Sudan: Humanitarian Access Snapshot (March 2019)

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

OVERVIEW

Seventeen significant access incidents were reported in March, compared to seven in February. They included the looting and...

World: Aid Workers Kidnapped 2018

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mexico, Niger, Nigeria, Peru, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

Kidnapping data trends

• The number of kidnappings and individual aid workers who were kidnapped peaked in April 2018. July, August and September also recorded high numbers of kidnappings.

• Between February and May, 36 aid workers were kidnapped while travelling in Central and Western Equatoria states in South Sudan. Many incidents occurred when agencies entered previously inaccessible areas where there have been reports of conflict parties accusing aid workers of spying.

• During July and August, 20 aid workers were kidnapped in eastern DRC by armed groups that included the Forces Démocratiques de Libération du Rwanda and Mai-Mai.

• In September, 13 Yemeni aid workers were kidnapped by Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula militants in Dhale governorate, Yemen. They were freed after local tribal leaders negotiated their release.

• 71 aid workers in Tanzania, Mali, Yemen and South Sudan were released following their abduction, while seven aid workers were killed or tortured by their abductors while in captivity in Afghanistan, CAR, the DRC and Nigeria.

• In the DRC, unidentified gunmen kidnapped three aid workers in North Kivu, two of whom were found dead the following day, while the third was released after two days. In Afghanistan, opposition forces kidnapped and killed one aid worker in Kunduz. In Nigeria, ISIS militants executed two aid workers following their abduction; three others were killed in the initial attack and one aid worker remains in captivity. In CAR, two local aid workers were abducted and tortured allegedly by anti-Balaka fighters while providing vaccinations in Haute-Kotto prefecture.

• Six aid workers were held hostage in Tanzania and Uganda. In Tanzania, casual labourers held five aid workers hostage to enforce their demands for payment for work completed. All were released after several hours of negotiations.

• Ransom demands were made for the release of six aid workers in CAR and the DRC. Five Congolese aid workers were abducted by armed men while travelling in the DRC. Two others were kidnapped and assaulted in the attack, but were released unconditionally. One aid worker was held for three days by members of the Front Populaire pour la Renaissance de Centrafrique in CAR. The aid worker was released after a ransom was paid; it is not clear who paid the ransom.

• Four aid workers were the victims of 'express kidnappings' in Kenya, Peru and Tanzania and forced to withdraw money from ATMs for their release. The aid worker in Kenya was also drugged and the one in Peru was physically assaulted.

• Nearly 50% of kidnapped aid workers are either still in captivity or their status is unknown. Seven are reported as missing in the DRC, Burkina Faso, Cambodia and Guatemala. The lack of precise information on what happened to aid workers following their abduction in Afghanistan, Somalia and Syria means that our overall understanding of the kidnapping threats facing aid workers in these countries remains incomplete.

South Sudan: South Sudan – Crisis Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2019

Source: US Agency for International Development
Country: South Sudan, United States of America

HIGHLIGHTS

Insecurity in Eastern Equatoria, Upper Nile, and Western Bahr el Ghazal displaces populations and disrupts aid operations
Health actors continu...

World: WFP Aviation Annual Report 2018

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, World, Yemen

WFP Aviation

Airlift, A...

World: The Aid in Danger Monthly News Brief, February 2019

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lebanon, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

Africa

Central African Republic

07 - 10 February 2019: In Kaga Bandoro region, Nana Gribizi prefecture, the outbreak of fires in close proximity to an IDP site left 31 people injured and resulted in shelters and personal items being damaged, as well as a resulting in the partial destruction of a mobile clinic. An estimated 4,500 people were affected by the fires, resulting in humanitarian agencies in Kaga Bandoro planning a renewed push to provide non-food items, health care, food, water, sanitation, hygiene, and education. Further, humanitarian agencies began drive to inform IDP protectors about fire prevention in the area. Source: UN-OCHA

Burkina Faso

02 February 2019: In Kongoussi region, militants presumed to be from Ansaroul Islam (JNIM) attacked and stole a Burkina Faso Red Cross vehicle, abducting its four passengers and driver in the process. Source: ACLED1

Chad

19 February 2019: In Ngouboua locality, Lac region, armed assailants entered the Bouraboura IDP camp - home to over 1,000 displaced people - and opened fire, killing five and wounding four others. A further attack targeted a village home to around 365 displaced people, and where four people were abducted. There is limited security in the region and an upsurge in violence in neighbouring Nigeria has led to large numbers of civilians fleeing across the border into Chad. Source: UN-OCHA

Democratic Republic of Congo

24 February 2019: In Katwa town, North Kivu province, an area where mistrust in international aid efforts and false rumours about treatment are rampant, unidentified perpetrators threw stones at an MSF-run Ebola treatment centre before setting parts of the structure on fire, killing one person, and injuring another. In response, MSF suspended its operations in the area. Sources: ABC News, Africa News, Axios, Devex, IRIN, MSF, Reuters, Time, The Guardian, The Telegraph, The Washington Times and VOA News

27 February 2019: In Butembo city, North Kivu province, an area where mistrust in aid workers and false rumours about treatment are rampant, unidentified perpetrators set vehicles and parts of an MSF-run Ebola treatment centre on fire, destroying medical wards and equipment, and leaving four patients missing. This attack has also put the lives of patients and MSF and Health Ministry staff in danger. In response, MSF suspended its operations in the area. Sources: Axios, CIDRAP, Devex,
IRIN, MSF, Reuters, Time, The Guardian and The Washington Times

Kenya

22 February 2019: Update: In Chakama village, Kilifi county, villagers and security forces have suggested that an Italian aid worker who was abducted by suspected al Shabaab-linked perpetrators on 21 November 2018 may have been involved in a multimillion shilling ivory trade and kidnapped after her partners soured on the deal. Source: Esoft

Mali

15 February 2019: In Bourem district, Gao region, two armed individuals abducted a team of aid workers before releasing them the following day, taking their vehicle and personal belongings in the process. No harm was reported to have come to the aid workers. Source: UN-OCHA

Nigeria

28 January 2019: In Rann town, Borno state, Boko Haram militants on motorcycles attacked and set fire to hundreds of structures serving as shelters for IDPs, killing at least 60 people. Source:
News 24 February 2019: In Bama locality, Borno state, large population displacements have resulted in an unspecified IDP camp becoming overwhelmed with newly displaced people, local schools being unable to cope with the numbers of children, and poor living conditions for camp occupants. Source: UN-OCHA 07 February 2019: In Monguno town, Borno state, an outbreak of fire at the Stadium IDP camp left two children and one elderly person dead, five others with burn injuries, and a total of 7,839 having been directly affected through the destruction of their homes and property, including valuables and food. The fire had allegedly started from a cooking area in the camp. Local agencies responded by attempting to increase awareness on fire outbreak risks and mitigation. Source: UN-OCHA

Somalia

28 February 2019: In Gedo region, suspected al Shabaab militants kidnapped six national aid workers. Around ten people were initially reported kidnapped but some of the group successfully escaped the kidnappers to alert authorities. Source: AWSD2 and BBC News

South Sudan

02 February 2019: In Bor town, Jonglei state, four unidentified perpetrators assaulted a male South Sudanese national UN staff member after blaming him for the perceived increase in the number of non-national staff members in the country 'stealing jobs' from nationals, leaving him with minor injuries. Source: AWSD2 21 February 2019: In Bor town, Jonglei state, a staff member from an INGO who was distributing food inside the UN-run Protection of Civilians site was assaulted by an IDP under unspecified circumstances. The staff member received minor injuries. Source: AWSD2

Sudan

08 February 2019: In North Darfur state, a group of government-backed militiamen attempted to rape nine women in the Kassab IDP camp. The women fought back and four were seriously wounded due to stabbing injuries and were treated in hospital. Source: ACLED1 09 February 2019: In Abyei region, an Ethiopian military helicopter crashed inside the compound of the UN Peacekeeping Mission, killing all three passengers on board, and injuring 10 more.
Source: ANN 14 February 2019: In North Darfur state, a protest was held at the Zamzam IDP camp to demonstrate against the rape of five women the previous week as well as in opposition to the rule of President Bashir. The security forces responded by violently suppressing the protest with tear gas and batons. Sources: ACLED1 and Star Tribune

World: Attacks on Health Care Monthly News Brief – February 2019

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Ireland, Nepal, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic...

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Doubling down on Ebola

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda
It has been eight months since an outbreak of Ebola was declared in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s North Kivu province. Since then, this outbreak h...

Afghanistan: R2P Monitor, Issue 44 (15 March 2019)

Source: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab R...

South Sudan: South Sudan: Humanitarian Access Snapshot (February 2019)

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan

OVERVIEW

Fifty-one humanitarian access incidents were reported in February, compared to thirty-­five in January. Over half (55 per c...

South Sudan: South Sudan – Factsheet (Last updated Last updated 25/02/2019)

Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Uganda

FACTS & FIGURES

6.17 million people suffering from severe food shortages

2.2 million South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries

1.9 million internally displaced people

More than 115 aid workers killed since December 2013

EU humanitarian funding: €45 million in South Sudan and €47.3 million in neighbouring countries in 2018

Introduction

A new peace deal signed in September 2018 has curbed fighting and brings hope of an end to the five-year civil war that ravaged South Sudan. Meanwhile, the security situation remains volatile and seven million people still need urgent humanitarian assistance. More than six million people face severe food shortages. This man-made crisis has wide-reaching consequences for neighbouring countries where 2.2 million South Sudanese have taken refuge.

What are the needs?

Years of conflict and economic collapse have caused mass displacement and immeasurable distress among the civilian population. Widespread destruction has ruined livelihoods and local trade, leaving nearly 6 out of 10 people suffer from severe food shortages. Healthcare and education are in tatters with an estimated 80 percent of South Sudan's counties lacking adequate health services. This is especially worrying given the growing Ebola outbreak in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Preparedness measures need to be stepped up as there is a considerable risk of Ebola spreading across borders.

Due to displacement and extensive damage to water and sanitation facilities, 5.6 million people urgently need access to safe water. In 2019, 600 000 pregnant and breastfeeding women are at risk of acute malnourishment on top of the nearly one million children who suffer from the condition. Up to 2.4 million South Sudanese children are deprived of education, one of the highest proportions of out-of-school children in the world. Thousands of South Sudanese children are either missing or separated from their parents. South Sudan’s crisis is characterised by serious violations and abuses against civilians, including widespread sexual and gender-based violence and forced child recruitment. The conflict has triggered a mass exodus to Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Sudan. One-third of the South Sudanese population live uprooted from their homes, as refugees or internally displaced people.

World: Aid workers killed, kidnapped and arrested (KKA) 2018

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Based on incidents where aid workers1 were reportedly killed, kidnapped or arrested (KKA), identified through open ...

South Sudan: 2018 South Sudan Humanitarian Response in Review

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: South Sudan

PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2018: 7.0 M

PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2018: 6.0 M

PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF 2018: 5.3 M

Over the course of 2018, the conflict in South Sudan continued...

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