• Executive Director (ED) Henrietta Fore visited the Democratic Republic of the Congo to see first-hand the extent of the ongoing humanitarian crisis. UNICEF’s ED and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock, highlighted the urgent need of funds to meet the needs of children, families, and vulnerable communities. The two officials visited a women’s care center in Goma, displacement camps in Bunia, and Ebola treatment facilities in Beni and Butembo.
• 132,808 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees, and vulnerable communities received unconditional cash grant through the Rapid Response to Movements of Population (RRMP) mechanism.
• 49,942 suspect cases and 923 deaths related to the measles outbreak have been reported since January (case fatality rate: 1,85%).
• The latest nutrition surveillance and early warning system factsheet of February 2019, reveals that 58 (12.39%) out of 468 health zones are in nutritional alert. The most affected provinces are Kasai central, Sankuru, Kasai and Kwango.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
1,260,000*Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) (HPR 2019) * Estimate for 2019
7,500,000 children in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, HRP 2019)
1,400,000 children are suffering from Severe Acute malnutrition (DRC Nutrition Cluster, January 2019)
8,060 cases of cholera reported since January 2019 (Ministry of Health)
49,942 suspect cases of measles reported since January (Ministry of Health)
UNICEF Appeal 2019 US$ 326 Million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The latest nutrition surveillance and early warning system factsheet of February 2019, reveals that 58 (12.39%) out of 468 health zones are in nutritional alert. The most affected provinces are Kasai central (12/26 health zones), Sankuru (11/16 health zones), Kasai (8/19 health zones) and Kwango (8/14 health zones).
• In Kasai Central, the Child Protection Working Group participated in a multisectoral evaluation in areas welcoming returnees from Angola. 172 UASC (57 girls and 115 boys) have been identified. They live with spontaneous foster families with limited care capacities.
• By epidemiological week 13, the cholera outbreak has affected 8,060 cholera persons, with a total of 198 registered deaths (case fatality rate: 2.5%). The most affected provinces are Haut Katanga, North Kivu and Tanganyika.
• 49,942 suspect cases and 923 deaths related to the measles outbreak have been reported since January (case fatality rate: 1,85%). The most affected provinces by the measles outbreak are Tshopo, Haut Lomami and Lualaba. The outbreak in Lualaba is alarming since this province has not experienced any epidemic outbreak for ten years.
• The provincial government in Bunia validated the return plan of approximately 62,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) living in spontaneous sites to Bunia and the provincial government is seeking support from the humanitarian community. According to the IDPs Camp Coordination and Management team, at least 50 per cent of these IDPs will have to return to their area of origin for the next 3 months, the remainder will be grouped in sites notably that of Institut Superieur Pedagogique Bunia to streamline the coordination.
• 23rd March, heavy rains in Lubutu territory led to the complete destruction of 355 houses, 2 health structures, and 10 schools. High risk of an epidemic outbreak is prevalent, and no humanitarian assistance has been provided.
• Ebola outbreak: as of 31 March 2019, 1,089 total cases of Ebola, 1,023 confirmed cases and 613 deaths linked to Ebola have been recorded in the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri.
• In Yumbi: 9,618 persons (1,603 households) have been displaced to neighboring islands, villages, forests, and Equator province since the outbreak of the conflict between the Nunu and Tende ethnic groups between 16 and 18 December 2018. Between January and March 2019, 5,418 returnees (903 households) have returned to Yumbi due to the improved security situation and the presence of humanitarian and government actors. Despite the overall stabilization of the situation, the humanitarian context in Yumbi remains precarious due to the vulnerabilities and needs in food security, Non-Food Items (NFIs), health/nutrition, WASH, protection, and education