Notice: Undefined variable: addons in /home/southsudan/public_html/wp-content/plugins/social-warfare/lib/frontend-output/SWP_Script.php on line 332
Press "Enter" to skip to content

Posts published in “Turkey”

World: World Bank Group Support in Situations Involving Conflict-Induced Displacement – An Independent Evaluation

Source: World Bank
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Montenegro, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, the Republic of North Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zambia

Highlights

  • In 2016, the World Bank Group stepped up its engagement in situations of conflictinduced forced displacement at the global and country levels and adopted a new approach to its engagement that recognizes displacement as a development challenge that must be addressed to attain the World Bank Group’s twin goals.

  • Since fiscal year 2016, the Bank Group’s analytical, financial, and operational support has become more aligned with its stated development approach building on lessons from past engagements. This is an important shift.

  • Advisory services and analytics have shifted from providing a rationale for Bank Group engagement in situations involving conflictinduced forced displacement to contextspecific needs assessments focused on evidence-based, medium-term solutions.
    The World Bank successfully mobilized new financing to support situations involving conflict-induced forced displacement and crowded-in funding from other donors. World Bank support for populations forcibly displaced by conflict and their host communities has increased, become more balanced, and focused on priority sectors to
    generate economic opportunities. These are significant achievements.

  • At the same time, the Bank Group has not yet fully leveraged its comparative
    advantages in implementing its development approach. Evidence generated
    from analytical and advisory services needs to be translated better into
    context-specific policy dialogue, project design, and programming.
    Project design, in particular, could further address the specific needs and
    vulnerabilities of conflict-induced forcibly displaced persons and their host
    communities, especially the specific needs and vulnerabilities of the women
    and children among them. Projects should also more systematically include
    specific indicators to monitor and evaluate the effects on affected populations.

  • The World Bank engages and coordinates with humanitarian actors and
    development organizations at various levels, but coordination could be further
    strengthened. Additionally, select partnerships at the country level could be
    leveraged to ensure sector coherence and to foster policy dialogue to enact
    institutional reforms toward self-reliance that address the vulnerabilities of
    forcibly displaced persons. The Bank Group could also increase engagement
    to catalyze the private sector’s role in situations of conflict-induced forced
    displacement.

  • Internal and external factors inhibit the Bank Group’s development
    response to address situations of conflict-induced forced displacement.
    Internal factors include varying levels of active leadership in Country
    Management Units, growing but still limited Bank Group experience, and
    incentives. External factors include the varying nature of displacement
    situations, government capacity, macroeconomic and development
    challenges, and complex political economy factors.

World: Tendencias global desplazados forzosos en 2018

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Malaysia, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World

CAPÍTULO 1 Introducción

**El mundo actual tiene una población de 70,8 millones de desplazados forzosos. **

A lo largo de la última década, la población global de desplazados forzosos creció sustancialmente de 43,3 millones de 2009 a 70,8 millones en 2018 y alcanzó una cifra récord [gráfico 1]6. La mayor parte de este aumento se dio entre 2012 y 2015, provocado sobre todo por el conflicto sirio. Pero otros conflictos en distintas zonas también contribuyeron a este aumento, incluidos los de Irak y Yemen en Oriente Medio, la República Democrática del Congo (RDC) y Sudán del Sur en el África subsahariana, así como la llegada masiva de refugiados rohingya a Bangladesh a final de 2017.

En 2018 cabe destacar particularmente el aumento del número de desplazados por los desplazamientos internos de Etiopía y las nuevas solicitudes de asilo de personas que huían de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela. La proporción de población mundial desplazada también siguió subiendo, dado que el aumento de la población desplazada por la fuerza rebasó el crecimiento de la población mundial. En 2017, esta cifra era de una de cada 110 personas, pero en 2018 resultó en una de cada 1087 . En comparación, hace una década la cifra era de una de cada 160 [gráfico 2]. En total, la población refugiada bajo el mandato de ACNUR casi se ha duplicado desde 2012.

Durante 2018 se desplazó un gran número de personas. A lo largo del año, 13,6 millones de personas fueron nuevos desplazados, incluidas aquellas que buscaban protección en el extranjero (como solicitantes de asilo o bien como refugiados recién registrados)8 y 10,8 millones que fueron forzadas a huir pero permanecieron en sus países9.

Estos 13,6 millones de nuevos desplazamientos promediaron 37.000 nuevos desplazamientos diarios durante 2018 [gráfico 3]. Muchas otras personas regresaron a sus países o zonas de origen para tratar de retomar sus vidas, incluidos 2,3 millones de desplazados internos y cerca de 600.000 refugiados.

Con 1.560.800, los etíopes fueron el mayor grupo de desplazados durante el año, el 98% de ellos dentro de sus fronteras. Esto duplicó de largo en el país la población desplazada internamente.
Los sirios fueron la siguiente comunidad de nuevos desplazados, con 889.400 durante 2018. De ellos,

632.700 fueron nuevos desplazados (o nuevos registrados) fuera del país10, mientras los restantes fueron desplazados internos. Nigeria también tuvo un alto número de población desplazada, con 661.800, de los cuales se estima que 581.800 lo hizo internamente.

Entre los nuevos desplazados transfronterizos (o nuevos registrados), la gran mayoría permaneció cerca de sus hogares. En 2018, más de medio millón de nuevos registros de refugiado y solicitudes de asilo provinieron de la República Árabe de Siria, y la mayoría de ellos tuvieron lugar en Turquía [gráfico 4]. Ese número incluye tanto a los recién llegados como a quienes permanecían en el país en momentos previos al registro. Los venezolanos representaron el segundo mayor número de desplazamientos internacionales en 2018, con 341.800 nuevas solicitudes de asilo (véase la página 24 para más detalles sobre la situación de Venezuela). Los sursudaneses fueron el siguiente grupo de solicitantes de asilo, principalmente en Sudán y Uganda, seguidos de quienes dejaron la RDC, por lo general rumbo también a Uganda.

A final de 2018, los sirios siguieron siendo la mayor comunidad de desplazados forzosos, con 13 millones de personas, incluidos 6 654 000 refugiados, 6 184 000 desplazados internos y 140 000 solicitantes de asilo. Los colombianos fueron el segundo mayor grupo, con 8 millones de desplazados forzosos al cabo del año, la mayor parte de ellos (98%) dentro de su país11. Un total de 5,4 millones de congoleses de la RDC eran también desplazados forzosos, entre ellos 4.517.000 desplazados internos y 854.000 refugiados o solicitantes de asilo. Otras grandes poblaciones desplazadas a finales de 2018 – aquellas con más de 2 millones de personas desplazadas, ya sea internamente o como refugiados o solicitantes de asilo– fueron la de Afganistán (5,1 millones), Sudán del Sur (4,2), Somalia (3,7), Etiopía (2,8), Sudán (2,7), Nigeria (2,5), Irak (2,4) y Yemen (2,2).

En Camerún, la situación fue compleja debido a que fue un país de acogida y también de origen de refugiados y de solicitantes de asilo, y además, en 2018 se dieron desplazamientos internos múltiples. En total hubo 45.100 refugiados cameruneses a final del año. La mayoría de ellos fueron acogidos por Nigeria (32.800), lo que contrasta con los sólo 100 que había en el país a principios de año. Esto hay que añadirlo a los 668.500 desplazados internos, mayoritariamente en las regiones del sur, noroeste y extremo norte. Al mismo tiempo, Camerún acogió a 380.000 refugiados, principalmente de la República Centroafricana (RCA) (275 .000) y Nigeria (102.300).
Sin la protección de familiares, los menores no acompañados o separados están a menudo en riesgo de abuso y explotación. La falta de información y datos sobre ellos es un problema clave. El número reportado de esos menores que solicitó asilo durante el año fue de 27.600. A finales de año, entre la población refugiada fueron reportados 111.000 menores no acompañados o separados12. Estas cifras son a la baja dado el número limitado de países que proveen de ese dato.

Los retornos continúan siendo una pequeña parte de los desplazamientos y no superaron a los nuevos desplazamientos. Cerca de 593.800 refugiados regresaron a sus países de origen en 2018 frente a los 667.400 de 2017, menos de un 3% de la población refugiada. Además, 2,3 millones de desplazados internos regresaron en 2018, frente a 4,2 en 2017. En ciertos casos, refugiados y desplazados internos regresaron a situaciones en las que las condiciones no permitían retornos seguros ni sustentables.
La reubicación fue una solución para cerca de 92.400 refugiados.
En 2018, el Grupo de Expertos en Estadísticas sobre Refugiados y Desplazados Internos (EGRIS) presentó los resultados de su trabajo en la 49ª sesión de la Comisión de Estadística de Naciones Unidas. Establecido en 2016 por la comisión, el EGRIS tiene como labor abordar los desafíos que plantea la recolección, elaboración y diseminación de estadísticas sobre los refugiados, solicitantes de asilo y desplazados internos, incluida la falta de terminología uniforme y las dificultades para comparar internacionalmente las estadísticas.

La comisión:
• ratificó las recomendaciones internacionales sobre estadísticas de refugiados
• avaló el reporte técnico sobre estadísticas de desplazados internos y apoyó la propuesta para tomar en cuenta este trabajo y desarrollar recomendaciones formales, y
• reafirmó el mandato de elaborar un manual para recopiladores de estadísticas sobre refugiados y desplazados internos que sirva de guía práctica para las recomendaciones.

Además de los 40 países que participaron en el EGRIS y de aquellos que colaboraron a través de consultas globales en 2017, otros muchos representantes nacionales tomaron la palabra en la Comisión Estadística para dar la bienvenida a este trabajo. Algunas áreas del trabajo recibieron especial atención, como la mayor importancia dada a la coordinación y el papel clave de las oficinas nacionales de estadística, o la inclusión del potencial de otras fuentes de información y otras metodologías en las recomendaciones.

World: UNHCR Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2018

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Malaysia, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

The world now has a population of 70.8 million forcibly displaced people

Over the past decade, the global population of forcibly displaced people grew substantially from 43.3 million in 2009 to 70.8 million in 2018, reaching a record high [Figure 1].6 Most of this increase was between 2012 and 2015, driven mainly by the Syrian conflict. But conflicts in other areas also contributed to this rise, including in the Middle East such as in Iraq and Yemen, parts of sub-Saharan Africa such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and South Sudan, as well as the massive flow of Rohingya refugees to Bangladesh at the end of 2017.

Of particular note in 2018 was the increase in the number of displaced people due to internal displacement in Ethiopia and new asylum claims from people fleeing the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. The proportion of the world’s population who were displaced also continued to rise as the increase in the world’s forcibly displaced population outstripped global population growth. In 2017 this figure was 1 out of every 110 people but in 2018 it stood at 1 out of every 108 people.7 A decade ago, by comparison, this stood at about 1 in 160 people [Figure 2]. Overall, the refugee population under UNHCR’s mandate has nearly doubled since 2012.

Large numbers of people were on the move in 2018. During the year, 13.6 million people were newly displaced, including 2.8 million who sought protection abroad (as new asylum-seekers or newly registered refugees)8 and 10.8 million who were forced to flee but remained in their own countries.9 These 13.6 million new displacements equated to an average rate of 37,000 people being newly displaced every day of 2018 [Figure 3].

Still, many others returned to their countries or areas of origin to try to rebuild their lives, including 2.3 million internally displaced people and nearly 600,000 refugees.
At 1,560,800, Ethiopians made up the largest newly displaced population during the year, 98 per cent of them within their country. This increase more than doubled the existing internally displaced population in the country.

Syrians were the next largest newly displaced population, with 889,400 people during 2018. Of these, 632,700 were newly displaced (or newly registered) outside the country,10 while the remainder were internally displaced. Nigeria also had a high number of newly displaced people with 661,800, of which an estimated 581,800 were displaced within the country’s borders.
Among those newly displaced across borders (or newly registered), the vast majority remained close to home. Over half a million new refugee registrations and asylum applications originated from the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) in 2018, the majority in Turkey [Figure 4], representing both newly arriving individuals and those already in the country for a period of time prior to the time of registration. Venezuelans accounted for the second largest flow of new international displacements in 2018, with 341,800 new asylum applications (see page 24 for more details on the Venezuela situation). South Sudanese accounted for the next largest refugee and asylum-seeker flow, mainly to Sudan and Uganda, followed by such flows from DRC, also mainly to Uganda.

At the end of 2018, Syrians continued to be the largest forcibly displaced population, with 13.0 million people living in displacement, including 6,654,000 refugees, 6,184,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) and 140,000 asylumseekers. Colombians were the second largest group, with 8.0 million forcibly displaced, most of them (98 per cent) inside their country at the end of 2018.11 A total of 5.4 million Congolese from DRC were also forcibly displaced, of whom 4,517,000 were IDPs and 854,000 were refugees or asylumseekers.

Other large displaced populations at the end of 2018 – those with over 2.0 million people displaced, either internally or as refugees or asylum-seekers – were from Afghanistan (5.1 million), South Sudan (4.2 million), Somalia (3.7 million), Ethiopia (2.8 million), Sudan (2.7 million),
Nigeria (2.5 million), Iraq (2.4 million) and Yemen (2.2 million).

The situation in Cameroon was complex as it was both a source country and host country of refugees and asylum-seekers. In addition, it was confronted with multiple internal displacements in 2018. In total, there were 45,100 Cameroonian refugees globally at the end of 2018; they were mainly hosted by Nigeria (32,800), compared with less than 100 in that country at the beginning of the year. This is in addition to 668,500 IDPs, mainly within the South, North West and the Far North regions of Cameroon. At the same time, Cameroon hosted 380,300 refugees, mainly from the Central African Republic (CAR) (275,700) and Nigeria (102,300).

Without the protection of family, unaccompanied and separated children are often at risk of exploitation and abuse. A key issue is the lack of information and data regarding this population. The number of such children reported as having applied for asylum during 2018 was 27,600 during the year. At the end of 2018, 111,000 unaccompanied and separated children were reported among the refugee population.12 These figures are underestimates due to the limited number of countries reporting data.

Returns continued to account for a small proportion of the displaced population and did not offset new displacements. Some 593,800 refugees returned to their countries of origin in 2018 compared with 667,400 in 2017, less than 3 per cent of the refugee population. In addition, 2.3 million IDPs returned in 2018, compared with 4.2 million in 2017. In some cases, refugees and IDPs went back to situations where conditions did not permit safe and sustainable returns. Resettlement provided a solution for close to 92,400 refugees.

In 2018, the Expert Group on Refugee and IDP Statistics (EGRIS) presented the results of its work at the 49th session of the UN Statistical Commission. Established in 2016 by the Commission, EGRIS is tasked with addressing challenges associated with the collection, compilation and dissemination of statistics on refugees, asylum-seekers and IDPs, including the lack of consistent terminology and difficulties in comparing statistics internationally.

The Commission:
- endorsed the International Recommendations on Refugee Statistics;
- endorsed the Technical Report on Statistics of IDPs and supported the proposal to upgrade this work to develop formal recommendations; and
- reaffirmed the mandate to develop a compiler’s manual on refugee and IDP statistics to provide hands-on guidance for the recommendations.

In addition to the 40 countries that took part in the EGRIS and those that had also contributed through the global consultations in 2017, several country representatives took the floor at the Statistical Commission to welcome this work.

Certain elements of the work received particular support such as focusing on the importance of coordination and the central role of national statistical offices, as well as including the potential of different data sources and methodologies within the recommendations.

Uganda: Uganda Refugees & Asylum Seekers as of 31-May-2019

Source: Government of Uganda
Country: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian t...

World: En zone de conflit, une personne sur cinq souffre de troubles mentaux (OMS)

Source: UN News Service
Country: Bangladesh, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, World

De nouvelles données de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) publiées cette semaine dans la revue scientifique The Lancet révèlent les effets de vivre en zone de conflit sur la santé mentale.

Une personne sur cinq vit avec une forme de trouble mental, allant d'une dépression légère ou d'une anxiété à une psychose. Près d'une personne sur dix vit avec un trouble mental modéré ou grave.

Ces chiffres sont significativement plus élevés si on les compare à la prévalence de ces maladies dans la population générale. En effet, hors zones de conflit, « elles concernent une personne sur 14 », explique Alison Ruth Brunier, spécialiste de la santé mentale à l’OMS, au micro d’ONU info.

Ces personnes ont besoin d'obtenir un traitement et des soins, alors que leurs troubles nuisent souvent à leur capacité de fonctionner. L’accès aux soins n’est pas seulement une question d’amélioration de la santé mentale, il peut aussi être une question de survie.

L’étude a analysé cinq troubles qui frappent les personnes vivant dans les zones de conflit : la dépression, l’anxiété, le syndrome de stress post-traumatique, le désordre bipolaire ou la schizophrénie.

Cette étude permet d’évaluer l’étendue du problème, explique Alison Brunier. « La depression et l’anxiété semblent affecter davantage les personnes âgées et la dépression est plus courante chez les femmes que chez les hommes en zones de conflit ».

Selon les estimations de l'ONU, en 2019, près de 132 millions de personnes dans 42 pays du monde auront besoin d'une assistance humanitaire résultant d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe. Près de 69 millions de personnes dans le monde ont été déplacées de force par la violence et les conflits, le nombre le plus élevé depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. « Donc le problème est très grand », estime Mme Brunier.

Évaluer les besoins des populations est primordial

En 2019, l’OMS s’occupe de la santé mentale dans les pays et territoires dont la population est touchée par des urgences de grande ampleur dans le monde, comme au Bangladesh, en Iraq, en Jordanie, au Liban, au Nigéria, au Soudan du Sud, en Syrie, en Turquie, en Ukraine, en Cisjordanie ou encore dans la bande de Gaza.

Pour coordoonner la réponse en matière de santé mentale en situation d’urgence, que ce soit pendant un conflit ou après une catastrophe naturelle, la tâche première de l’OMS est d’identifier rapidement ce dont les gens ont besoin.

« La deuxième étape est de déterminer dès que possible les ressources qui sont déjà disponibles sur place pour aider ces personnes », explique Alison Brunier. Cela peut être des services gouvernementaux, des organisations non gouvernementales locales et des partenaires internationaux qui ont la capacité et les connaissances nécessaires pour gérer les problèmes de santé mentale, pour soutenir les personnes en situation de stress aigu et pour évaluer et soigner les troubles mentaux, des plus légers aux plus graves.

La troisième étape est d’aider à fournir la capacité de soutien lorsque ce qui existe n’est pas suffisant. Cela implique généralement une coordination avec les partenaires et un renforcement rapide des capacités des prestataires locaux.

« Cela passe par la formation de généralistes qui sont sur le terrain pour qu’ils puissent diagnostiquer des problèmes mentaux et après les soigner », explique la spécialiste en santé mentale. « Il est aussi nécessaire de renforcer les systèmes de santé pour les problèmes mentaux dans les pays en général pour que les pays soient préparés en cas de situation d’urgence ou humanitaire ».

Au cours de la dernière décennie, l’OMS a développé avec ses partenaires une série de guides pratiques pour aider à établir et à développer un soutien en matière de santé psychosociale et mentale dans les situations d'urgence. Elle a aussi adapté le «programme mhGAP», grâce auquel les agents de santé généraux sont formés à reconnaître et à fournir un soutien pour les troubles mentaux courants, afin de pouvoir être utilisés en cas d'urgence humanitaire.

Dans de nombreux pays du monde, l'ignorance concernant la santé mentale et la maladie mentale reste largement répandue. La prise en charge des soins de santé mentale pendant les conflits et d’autres situations d’urgence, dans les pays où ce soutien est limité, peut permettre d’identifier les personnes affectées. Dans de nombreux cas, ce soutien permet de dissiper les mythes sur la maladie mentale et d’aboutir à un traitement, à des soins et à une vie plus digne.

Mise en place de services de santé mentale de qualité

En Syrie, par exemple, avant le conflit, il n'existait pratiquement pas de soins de santé mentale en dehors des hôpitaux psychiatriques d'Alep et de Damas. Maintenant, cependant, grâce à la reconnaissance croissante du besoin de soutien, un appui psychosocial et en santé mentale a été introduit dans les établissements de santé primaires et secondaires, dans les centres communautaires et pour femmes, ainsi que dans les programmes scolaires.

Au Liban, la population de 4 millions d'habitants a encore augmenté d'un million ces dernières années, les réfugiés ayant franchi la frontière depuis la Syrie. Conscient de l’augmentation rapide des besoins en services de santé mentale, le gouvernement a saisi cette occasion pour renforcer ses services de santé mentale, de sorte qu’ils bénéficient désormais non seulement aux nouveaux arrivants, mais également à la population locale.

Le tsunami de 2004 au Sri Lanka et en Indonésie et le typhon de 2013 aux Philippines ont été le catalyseur de la décentralisation des soins de santé mentale au niveau communautaire, là où ils étaient le plus nécessaires. Dans la plupart des cas, l'infrastructure mise en place est restée une fois les crises passées, a expliqué Alison Brunier. Ce sont donc des systèmes de moyenne ou longue durée

Mais Alison Brunier précise que la majorité des personnes qui vivent dans des situations de de conflit n’ont pas accès aux soins de santé mentale. Donc il reste encore beaucoup à faire.

Tous les pays ont l'obligation d'investir dans la santé mentale. Mais il est particulièrement important dans les populations touchées par un conflit où le taux de problèmes de santé mentale est plus du double de celui de la population en général.

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 Monthly Funding Update – May 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

The Global Humanitarian Overview published on 4 December announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan. By the end of May, the requirements had reached $26.42 billion. The change in requirements since last month is mainly due to the finalization of the Sudan HRP ($1.15 billion) and a $103.7 million increase for Mozambique.

As at the end of May, 142.8 million people are estimated to be in need in 57 countries, a slight increase from last month. The plans aim to provide aid to 107.4 million people.

The Somalia Drought Response Plan was issued on 20 May following the failure of the 2019 Gu’ rains (April – June), a poor 2018 Deyr season (October – December) and abnormally hot and dry conditions during the 2019 Jilaal season (January – March) which caused widespread crop failure and accelerated decline in livestock productivity. Out of 5.4 million people expected to be acutely food insecure by July, 2.2 million will be in severe acute food insecurity conditions (IPC 3 and above), a 40 per cent increase from January this year. This situation comes two years after the prolonged 2016/2017 drought which destroyed livelihoods and displaced almost one million Somalis. A massive and successful scale up in humanitarian response averted famine in 2017/2018, but once again, Somalia requires significant financial resources to prevent a return to the precipice of 2017 and enable aid agencies to immediately extend response in areas hardest hit by the drought.
The Somalia Drought Response Plan requires $710.5 million to assist 4.5 million of the most vulnerable and food insecure people.

Although it is outside the timeframe covered by this GHO update, it should be noted that on 5 June, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocated $45 million to immediately scale up food and nutrition assistance, safe water provision, livelihoods protection, and other urgent humanitarian support to drought-affected people across parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya who are facing acute food problems following another season of failed rains. Two-thirds of the allocation ($30 million) will go to the humanitarian response in Somalia.

World: Europe Resettlement: January – March 2019

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chad, Croatia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Neth...

World: Education in Danger Monthly News Brief, April 2019

Source: Insecurity Insight
Country: Algeria, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, China, Colombia, Cuba, Gabon, Kenya, Libya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic,...

World: Aperçu du financement humanitaire, Avril 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

L’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale (GHO), publié le 4 décembre 2018 annonçait des besoins en financement de 21,9 milliards de dollars pour 21 Plans de réponse humanitaire (HRP) et le Plan régional de réponse pour les réfugiés et les migrants du Venezuela (RMRP). À la fin du mois de mars, en raison essentiellement de la publication du HRP de la Syrie nécessitant 3,32 milliards de dollars, les besoins avaient atteint 25,11 milliards de dollars. Ce mois-ci, l’augmentation des besoins pour l’Appel éclair révisé du Zimbabwe (suite au Cyclone Idai), passant de 233,8 millions à 293,9 millions de dollars, porte le total des besoins au 30 avril, à 25,17 milliards de dollars.
Les besoins financiers pour les Plans de réponse humanitaire du Burundi et de l’Irak, tous deux récemment publiés, correspondent à ce qui avait été anticipé dans l'aperçu de la situation humanitaire. À la fin du mois d’avril, le nombre de personnes dans le besoin dans 55 pays est estimé à 140,8 millions.². Les besoins humanitaires du Burundi et de l’Irak avaient déjà été anticipés dans l’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale de cette année.
Les plans visent à fournir une assistance à 105,7 millions de personnes.

Uganda: Uganda – Refugee Statistics April 2019 – Kampala

Source: Government of Uganda, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burundi, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Yemen

Uganda: Uganda Refugees & Asylum Seekers as of 30-April-2019

Source: Government of Uganda
Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, ...

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 Monthly Funding Update – April 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

The Global Humanitarian Overview published on 4 December announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMPP). By the end of March, mainly as a result of publication of the Syria HRP requiring $3.32 billion, the requirements had reached $25.11 billion. This month’s increase in requirements for the revised Zimbabwe Flash Appeal (following Cyclone Idai) from $233.8 million to $293.9 million, brings the total requirement as at 30 April to $25.17 million.

Financial requirements for the Burundi and Iraq Humanitarian Response Plans, which were both published recently, are as anticipated in the annual, global appeal.

As at the end of April, 140.8 million people are estimated to be in need in 54 countries.2 This is the same number as at the end of the previous month. Humanitarian needs in Burundi and Iraq had already been anticipated in the annual, global appeal.

The plans aim to provide assistance for 105.7 million people.

World: CrisisInSight: Humanitarian Access Overview (May 2019)

Source: Assessment Capacities Project
Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

INTRODUCTION

ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview provides a snapshot of the most challenging contexts regarding humanitarian access.

ACAPS analysts looked into nine indicators to rank and compare the humanitarian access levels worldwide. Affected populations in more than 50 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints.
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in Colombia, Iraq, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Somalia over the past six months. 13 new countries entered the ranking since the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access report released in August 2018.

Physical constraints and restriction/obstruction of access to services and assistance are the most common challenges

Mission News Theme by Compete Themes.

Notice: Undefined index: name in /home/southsudan/public_html/wp-content/plugins/propellerads-official/includes/class-propeller-ads-anti-adblock.php on line 196