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World: Evaluation of the Coverage and Quality of the UNICEF Humanitarian Response in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies (January 2019)

Source: UN Children's Fund
Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Iraq, Mali, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

By Sanchi Ravishanker, Jane Mwangi

The number of countries with violent conflicts is the highest it has been in the last 30 years. An estimated 535 million children — one in four — live in countries affected by conflict or disaster. As of early 2018, nearly 31 million children including 13 million children refugees had been forcibly displaced by violence and conflict — and more than 17 million inside their own countries. Conflict continues to be a significant driver of humanitarian need. In 2018, more than 134 million people across the world were in need of humanitarian aid.

Significant investment

In 2018, the United Nations and partners requested $25.2 billion to assist 97.9 million of the most vulnerable people worldwide and subsequently received $15.1 billion. That year, UNICEF invested considerably in its humanitarian action — approximately $2.8 billion, up from $600 million in 2006 — to meet the growing demand for assistance in multiple, simultaneous, complex and large-scale emergencies.

Time to evaluate

Given the size of the investment and the scale of the problem, an evaluation was commissioned to assess UNICEF’s performance in achieving coverage and quality in complex humanitarian emergencies. Building on the organization’s global evaluation plan, this is also the first corporate evaluation focused exclusively on such themes. The idea of conducting an evaluation to illustrate how UNICEF has fared in such contexts has not been explored before.

The premise of the evaluation is to generate practical solutions to guide how UNICEF can improve the coverage and quality of its humanitarian responses. To do so, eleven countries were included in the evaluation:

  • 5 field missions (Nigeria, Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, the Philippines and Somalia);
  • 4 desk reviews and remote interviews (Pakistan, Ukraine, Burundi, Mali, State of Palestine and the Syrian Arab Republic);
  • 3 additional countries for in-depth interviews (South Sudan, Yemen and Iraq).

What we found

The findings shed light on UNICEF’s organizational courage and tenacity in sustained humanitarian action.

Across all countries, UNICEF was among the largest and most important providers of humanitarian assistance and protection, often working in some of the most challenging areas.
Program coverage in these environments has been significant, and large populations have benefited greatly from the organization’s humanitarian action.
UNICEF has established meaningful partnerships with national authorities, local and international NGOs, and UN partners enhancing coverage of humanitarian needs in conflict-affected countries.
Finally, UNICEF’s leadership, its staff, through organizational systems and procedures, have consistently been able to mobilize people and funds to enable program coverage and ensure quality.

While the evaluation showed areas of great achievement, it also highlighted several areas that require improvement for the organization to enhance and facilitate the provision of effective assistance and protection. For example, it was found that in many cases coverage was prioritized over quality and equity. Equity programming often requires additional activities or program areas, making it less cost-effective to deliver. The evaluation also reveals that often, insufficient evidence makes it difficult to judge key aspects of its humanitarian practice. We do not always have the information and analysis required to inform effective humanitarian action and to monitor changes systematically over time to ensure the continuing relevance of the assistance we provide. Additionally, UNICEF often lacks a structured approach towards community engagement at the country level to ensure program relevance and quality and to include the views of those receiving UNICEF-funded assistance. This is an important strategy given how the delivery of quality program services and community acceptance are closely inter-linked.

The spectrum of findings has proven useful in that they clearly define the challenges UNICEF shares with the humanitarian system more broadly. The report draws conclusions and makes recommendations intended to support the organization to reach those in greatest need of assistance, including those who are hard to reach. The Management Response addresses some of the challenges faced by UNICEF in its bid to ‘leave no child behind’, and provides a detailed course of action to each key recommendation. By systematically addressing these challenges at the country, regional and global levels, UNICEF aims to enhance its delivery of humanitarian assistance and protection in these complex humanitarian emergencies – for every child.

Click here to access the evaluation.

Sanchi Ravishanker works with the Innovation, Learning and Uptake unit of the Evaluation Office at UNICEF and is the author of this blog.

Jane Mwangi is an Evaluation Specialist with the Evaluation Office at UNICEF and is the manager of this evaluation.

World: En zone de conflit, une personne sur cinq souffre de troubles mentaux (OMS)

Source: UN News Service
Country: Bangladesh, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, World

De nouvelles données de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) publiées cette semaine dans la revue scientifique The Lancet révèlent les effets de vivre en zone de conflit sur la santé mentale.

Une personne sur cinq vit avec une forme de trouble mental, allant d'une dépression légère ou d'une anxiété à une psychose. Près d'une personne sur dix vit avec un trouble mental modéré ou grave.

Ces chiffres sont significativement plus élevés si on les compare à la prévalence de ces maladies dans la population générale. En effet, hors zones de conflit, « elles concernent une personne sur 14 », explique Alison Ruth Brunier, spécialiste de la santé mentale à l’OMS, au micro d’ONU info.

Ces personnes ont besoin d'obtenir un traitement et des soins, alors que leurs troubles nuisent souvent à leur capacité de fonctionner. L’accès aux soins n’est pas seulement une question d’amélioration de la santé mentale, il peut aussi être une question de survie.

L’étude a analysé cinq troubles qui frappent les personnes vivant dans les zones de conflit : la dépression, l’anxiété, le syndrome de stress post-traumatique, le désordre bipolaire ou la schizophrénie.

Cette étude permet d’évaluer l’étendue du problème, explique Alison Brunier. « La depression et l’anxiété semblent affecter davantage les personnes âgées et la dépression est plus courante chez les femmes que chez les hommes en zones de conflit ».

Selon les estimations de l'ONU, en 2019, près de 132 millions de personnes dans 42 pays du monde auront besoin d'une assistance humanitaire résultant d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe. Près de 69 millions de personnes dans le monde ont été déplacées de force par la violence et les conflits, le nombre le plus élevé depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. « Donc le problème est très grand », estime Mme Brunier.

Évaluer les besoins des populations est primordial

En 2019, l’OMS s’occupe de la santé mentale dans les pays et territoires dont la population est touchée par des urgences de grande ampleur dans le monde, comme au Bangladesh, en Iraq, en Jordanie, au Liban, au Nigéria, au Soudan du Sud, en Syrie, en Turquie, en Ukraine, en Cisjordanie ou encore dans la bande de Gaza.

Pour coordoonner la réponse en matière de santé mentale en situation d’urgence, que ce soit pendant un conflit ou après une catastrophe naturelle, la tâche première de l’OMS est d’identifier rapidement ce dont les gens ont besoin.

« La deuxième étape est de déterminer dès que possible les ressources qui sont déjà disponibles sur place pour aider ces personnes », explique Alison Brunier. Cela peut être des services gouvernementaux, des organisations non gouvernementales locales et des partenaires internationaux qui ont la capacité et les connaissances nécessaires pour gérer les problèmes de santé mentale, pour soutenir les personnes en situation de stress aigu et pour évaluer et soigner les troubles mentaux, des plus légers aux plus graves.

La troisième étape est d’aider à fournir la capacité de soutien lorsque ce qui existe n’est pas suffisant. Cela implique généralement une coordination avec les partenaires et un renforcement rapide des capacités des prestataires locaux.

« Cela passe par la formation de généralistes qui sont sur le terrain pour qu’ils puissent diagnostiquer des problèmes mentaux et après les soigner », explique la spécialiste en santé mentale. « Il est aussi nécessaire de renforcer les systèmes de santé pour les problèmes mentaux dans les pays en général pour que les pays soient préparés en cas de situation d’urgence ou humanitaire ».

Au cours de la dernière décennie, l’OMS a développé avec ses partenaires une série de guides pratiques pour aider à établir et à développer un soutien en matière de santé psychosociale et mentale dans les situations d'urgence. Elle a aussi adapté le «programme mhGAP», grâce auquel les agents de santé généraux sont formés à reconnaître et à fournir un soutien pour les troubles mentaux courants, afin de pouvoir être utilisés en cas d'urgence humanitaire.

Dans de nombreux pays du monde, l'ignorance concernant la santé mentale et la maladie mentale reste largement répandue. La prise en charge des soins de santé mentale pendant les conflits et d’autres situations d’urgence, dans les pays où ce soutien est limité, peut permettre d’identifier les personnes affectées. Dans de nombreux cas, ce soutien permet de dissiper les mythes sur la maladie mentale et d’aboutir à un traitement, à des soins et à une vie plus digne.

Mise en place de services de santé mentale de qualité

En Syrie, par exemple, avant le conflit, il n'existait pratiquement pas de soins de santé mentale en dehors des hôpitaux psychiatriques d'Alep et de Damas. Maintenant, cependant, grâce à la reconnaissance croissante du besoin de soutien, un appui psychosocial et en santé mentale a été introduit dans les établissements de santé primaires et secondaires, dans les centres communautaires et pour femmes, ainsi que dans les programmes scolaires.

Au Liban, la population de 4 millions d'habitants a encore augmenté d'un million ces dernières années, les réfugiés ayant franchi la frontière depuis la Syrie. Conscient de l’augmentation rapide des besoins en services de santé mentale, le gouvernement a saisi cette occasion pour renforcer ses services de santé mentale, de sorte qu’ils bénéficient désormais non seulement aux nouveaux arrivants, mais également à la population locale.

Le tsunami de 2004 au Sri Lanka et en Indonésie et le typhon de 2013 aux Philippines ont été le catalyseur de la décentralisation des soins de santé mentale au niveau communautaire, là où ils étaient le plus nécessaires. Dans la plupart des cas, l'infrastructure mise en place est restée une fois les crises passées, a expliqué Alison Brunier. Ce sont donc des systèmes de moyenne ou longue durée

Mais Alison Brunier précise que la majorité des personnes qui vivent dans des situations de de conflit n’ont pas accès aux soins de santé mentale. Donc il reste encore beaucoup à faire.

Tous les pays ont l'obligation d'investir dans la santé mentale. Mais il est particulièrement important dans les populations touchées par un conflit où le taux de problèmes de santé mentale est plus du double de celui de la population en général.

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 Monthly Funding Update – May 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

The Global Humanitarian Overview published on 4 December announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan. By the end of May, the requirements had reached $26.42 billion. The change in requirements since last month is mainly due to the finalization of the Sudan HRP ($1.15 billion) and a $103.7 million increase for Mozambique.

As at the end of May, 142.8 million people are estimated to be in need in 57 countries, a slight increase from last month. The plans aim to provide aid to 107.4 million people.

The Somalia Drought Response Plan was issued on 20 May following the failure of the 2019 Gu’ rains (April – June), a poor 2018 Deyr season (October – December) and abnormally hot and dry conditions during the 2019 Jilaal season (January – March) which caused widespread crop failure and accelerated decline in livestock productivity. Out of 5.4 million people expected to be acutely food insecure by July, 2.2 million will be in severe acute food insecurity conditions (IPC 3 and above), a 40 per cent increase from January this year. This situation comes two years after the prolonged 2016/2017 drought which destroyed livelihoods and displaced almost one million Somalis. A massive and successful scale up in humanitarian response averted famine in 2017/2018, but once again, Somalia requires significant financial resources to prevent a return to the precipice of 2017 and enable aid agencies to immediately extend response in areas hardest hit by the drought.
The Somalia Drought Response Plan requires $710.5 million to assist 4.5 million of the most vulnerable and food insecure people.

Although it is outside the timeframe covered by this GHO update, it should be noted that on 5 June, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocated $45 million to immediately scale up food and nutrition assistance, safe water provision, livelihoods protection, and other urgent humanitarian support to drought-affected people across parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya who are facing acute food problems following another season of failed rains. Two-thirds of the allocation ($30 million) will go to the humanitarian response in Somalia.

World: Humanity in Action – Annual Review 2018

Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Myanmar, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

Humanity in Action provides an at-a-glance guide to how ...

Yemen: Security Council Report Monthly Forecast, June 2019

Source: Security Council Report
Country: Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central African Republic, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Yemen

Overview

Kuwait will hold the presidency in June. Three high-level briefings are planned: on protection of civilians and missing persons in armed conflict, on conflict prevention and mediation, and on regional cooperation. All three briefings will be chaired by Kuwaiti Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sheikh Sabah Khaled Al-Hamad Al-Sabah. OCHA Under-Secretary-General Mark Lowcock and a representative from the ICRC are expected to brief at the “missing persons in conflict” meeting. Secretary-General António Guterres; Mary Robinson, the chair of the Elders; and Ban Ki-moon, a deputy chair of the Elders, are the anticipated briefers for the conflict prevention and mediation briefing.
Guterres and the League of Arab States (LAS)
Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul-Gheit may brief during the third of the meetings, on cooperation between the UN and the League of Arab States.

Kuwait, the chair of the Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Questions, is also planning to hold an open debate on working methods.

Adoptions are scheduled to renew the Democratic Republic of the Congo sanctions and the authorisation for member states to inspect vessels on the high seas off the coast of Libya. A further three adoptions are scheduled to renew the mandates of the missions in Darfur (UNAMID), the Golan Heights (UNDOF) and Mali (MINUSMA). Ahead of the adoptions there will be consultations on UNDOF, and briefing and consultations on UNAMID and MINUSMA as well as TCC meetings on all three missions.

Meetings on other African issues this month include:

• Central African Republic, on the activities of MINUSCA;

• Somalia, a briefing by the chair of the 751 Somalia Sanctions Committee;

• South Sudan, on the activities of UNMISS;

• Sudan, the semi-annual briefing by the ICC prosecutor and the quarterly briefing by the chair of the 1591 Sudan Sanctions Committee; and

• UNOCA/LRA, an update on the activities of UNOCA (Central Africa) and the regional strategy to combat the Lord’s Resistant Army.

In addition to the monthly meeting on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question, other Middle East issues that will be considered include:

• Syria, the monthly briefings on the humanitarian situation, the political process, and the use of chemical weapons;

• Iran, the implementation of resolution 2231, which endorsed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear programme; and

• Yemen, an update on the implementation of resolution 2452, which established the UN Mission to support the Hodeidah Agreement.

The annual briefing by force commanders will be by commanders of peacekeeping missions in Cyprus (UNFICYP) and Darfur (UNAMID).

In June, the Council will have the second of three briefings on the situation in Kosovo scheduled this year.

Regarding Asian issues there will be the regular debate on Afghanistan.

There may be a Council visiting mission during the month.

Finally, the General Assembly is scheduled to elect five non-permanent Security Council members on 7 June. Six member states— Estonia, Niger, Romania, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Viet Nam—are running for the five available seats. Estonia and Romania are contesting the single Eastern European Group seat, while the other four candidates will run unopposed.

World: Aperçu du financement humanitaire, Avril 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

L’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale (GHO), publié le 4 décembre 2018 annonçait des besoins en financement de 21,9 milliards de dollars pour 21 Plans de réponse humanitaire (HRP) et le Plan régional de réponse pour les réfugiés et les migrants du Venezuela (RMRP). À la fin du mois de mars, en raison essentiellement de la publication du HRP de la Syrie nécessitant 3,32 milliards de dollars, les besoins avaient atteint 25,11 milliards de dollars. Ce mois-ci, l’augmentation des besoins pour l’Appel éclair révisé du Zimbabwe (suite au Cyclone Idai), passant de 233,8 millions à 293,9 millions de dollars, porte le total des besoins au 30 avril, à 25,17 milliards de dollars.
Les besoins financiers pour les Plans de réponse humanitaire du Burundi et de l’Irak, tous deux récemment publiés, correspondent à ce qui avait été anticipé dans l'aperçu de la situation humanitaire. À la fin du mois d’avril, le nombre de personnes dans le besoin dans 55 pays est estimé à 140,8 millions.². Les besoins humanitaires du Burundi et de l’Irak avaient déjà été anticipés dans l’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale de cette année.
Les plans visent à fournir une assistance à 105,7 millions de personnes.

World: Centrality of Protection in Humanitarian Action – GPC 2018 Review

Source: Protection Cluster
Country: Afghanistan, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

The new centrality of protection in humanitarian action 2018 review is out. The five country case studies selected for the 2018 GPC Review (Afgha...

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 Monthly Funding Update – April 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

The Global Humanitarian Overview published on 4 December announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMPP). By the end of March, mainly as a result of publication of the Syria HRP requiring $3.32 billion, the requirements had reached $25.11 billion. This month’s increase in requirements for the revised Zimbabwe Flash Appeal (following Cyclone Idai) from $233.8 million to $293.9 million, brings the total requirement as at 30 April to $25.17 million.

Financial requirements for the Burundi and Iraq Humanitarian Response Plans, which were both published recently, are as anticipated in the annual, global appeal.

As at the end of April, 140.8 million people are estimated to be in need in 54 countries.2 This is the same number as at the end of the previous month. Humanitarian needs in Burundi and Iraq had already been anticipated in the annual, global appeal.

The plans aim to provide assistance for 105.7 million people.

World: The Market Monitor, Issue 43 – April 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Angola, Argentina, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Mozambique, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Ye...

World: CrisisInSight: Humanitarian Access Overview (May 2019)

Source: Assessment Capacities Project
Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen

INTRODUCTION

ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview provides a snapshot of the most challenging contexts regarding humanitarian access.

ACAPS analysts looked into nine indicators to rank and compare the humanitarian access levels worldwide. Affected populations in more than 50 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints.
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in Colombia, Iraq, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Somalia over the past six months. 13 new countries entered the ranking since the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access report released in August 2018.

Physical constraints and restriction/obstruction of access to services and assistance are the most common challenges

World: Aperçu du financement humanitaire, Mars 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

L’Aperçu de la situation humanitaire mondiale (GHO), publié le 4 décembre 2018 annonçait des besoins en financement de 21,9 milliards de dollars pour 21 Plans de réponse humanitaire (HRP) et le Plan régional de réponse pour les réfugiés et les migrants du Venezuela (RMRP). À la fin du mois de février, les besoins s’élevaient à 22,42 milliards de dollars et, au 31mars, le montant demandé avait atteint 25,11 milliards de dollars. L’augmentation enregistrée ce mois-ci est principalement due à la demande de 3,32 milliards de dollars pour le HRP de la Syrie qui n’avait pas été inclus dans le calcul des besoins globaux en février, la finalisation du Plan de l’Éthiopie et les besoins associés à la réponse du Cyclone tropical Idai au Mozambique. À la fin du mois de mars, le nombre de personnes dans le besoin est estimé à 140,8 millions, par rapport à 138,8 millions à la fin du mois de février, dans 54 pays.2 Un nombre plus important de personnes sont estimées être dans le besoin en Éthiopie et au Mozambique qu’en février et davantage au Yémen.
Le nombre total de personnes que les plans visent à assister est aujourd’hui de 105,7 millions par rapport à 103,7 millions en février.

L’Appel Éclair pour le Mozambique envisageait une aide à 700 000 des 815 000 personnes affectées par la sécheresse. Ce plan a été révisé suite au passage du Cyclone Idai afin d’aider 1,1 million de personnes de plus. En Éthiopie, 300 000 personnes de plus que le nombre estimé précédemment doivent recevoir une assistance. De même, le nombre de personnes devant recevoir une assistance au Yémen est de 21,4 millions au lieu des 15 millions estimés précédemment. Des millions de personnes au Yémen sont aujourd’hui plus sous l’emprise de la faim, de la maladie et d’une plus grande vulnérabilité qu’il y a un an. En Syrie, le chiffre avancé de 11,2 millions de personnes devant recevoir une assistance a été révisé à la hausse ce mois-ci pour atteindre 11,7 millions de personnes.

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 Monthly Funding Update – March 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

The Global Humanitarian Overview published on 4 December announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMPP). By the end of February, requirements had reached $22.42 billion and as at 31 March the amount requested had risen to $25.11 billion. The escalation this month is principally due to the requirement of $3.32 billion for the Syria HRP, which was not part of the calculation of overall requirements in February; the finalization of the Ethiopia plan; and the requirements for Tropical Cyclone Idai response in Mozambique.

As at the end of March, 140.8 million people, as against to 138.8 million at the end of February, are estimated to be in need in 54 countries.

More people are calculated to be in need in Ethiopia and Mozambique than in February, and more in Yemen.

The overall number of people the plans aim to assist is now 105.7 million as compared to 103.7 million in February. The Flash Appeal for Mozambique envisaged aiding 700,000 of the 815,000 drought affected people. That plan has been revised, following the passage of Cyclone Idai, to aid a further 1.1 million people. In Ethiopia, 300,000 people over and above the number estimated previously are to receive assistance. In addition, the number of people to receive assistance in Yemen has increased to 21.4 million people, rather than the 15 million previously estimated. Millions of people in Yemen are now hungrier, sicker and more vulnerable than a year ago. In Syria, the figure of 11.2 million people to receive assistance put forth in February has been revised this month to 11.7 million.

World: Logistics Cluster – Annual Report 2018

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Ar...

World: Global Report on Food Crises 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, International Food Policy Research Institute, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme, UN Children's Fund, Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, Food Security Information Network, Food Security Cluster, SICA
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

WHY THIS REPORT?

For several years the number of people who cannot meet their daily food needs without humanitarian assistance has been rising, primarily driven by two factors: persistent instability in conflict-ridden regions and adverse climate events.

These growing needs have been reflected in the increasing level of international humanitarian assistance, which reached US$27.3 billion in 2017, up from US$18.4 billion in 2013. While critical to saving lives and alleviating human suffering, humanitarian assistance does not address the root causes of food crises.

In response, those coordinating emergency humanitarian assistance are working more seriously with those in development support and conflict prevention to find ways to reverse the current trend in escalating numbers of food-insecure people in need of urgent action.

This “new way of working,” aims to address the humanitarian-development (HD) nexus, which emerged from the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016, as well as the Agenda for Humanity’s call to “move from delivering aid to ending need,” which provided a framework for thinking about innovative approaches to address food crises more sustainably in line with Sustainable Development Goal 2.1.

These collaborative efforts to prevent and address food crises are reflected in the UN Security Council’s adoption of resolution 2417 in May 2018. It allows the Council to consider its full range of tools — including sanctions — to ensure that parties to conflict do not violate international humanitarian law (IHL) by, for example, starving civilians as a weapon of war, unlawfully denying humanitarian access to civilian populations in need and depriving people of their means to produce food.

This HD nexus is also reflected in the Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC), which seeks to combat food crises from humanitarian and development perspectives and tackle the root causes of these crises (see box). This Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) contributes to humanitarian development efforts by providing the global and national food security community and GNAFC members with timely, independent and consensus-based information on the severity, magnitude and drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in food crisis contexts. This information supports humanitarian and development actors to plan and fund evidence-based responses, while using the data to seek high-level political action for durable solutions to food crises.

Mission News Theme by Compete Themes.

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