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Posts published in “World”

Libya: Libya: Registration Fact Sheet (May 2019)

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Liberia, Libya, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

World: Jesuit Refugee Service Annual Report 2018

Source: Jesuit Refugee Service
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Iraq, Malawi, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria...

World: Global Weather Hazards Summary: June 14 – 20, 2019

Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, Uzbekistan, World, Yemen

Heavy rainfall causes flooding in eastern Uganda and northwestern Kenya

  1. A delayed onset to the March-May rainfall season coupled with high temperatures has caused dryness in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Uganda.

  2. Below-average rainfall over the past two months have led to early-season deficits and abnormal dryness in Nigeria.

  3. Heavy rainfall during the past weeks has caused flooding in eastern Uganda. Continued rainfall next week is likely to maintain high flooding risk.

  4. A delayed start to monsoon rains has been marked by four consecutive weeks of below-average rainfall and 25-50% of average rainfall to date across Sierra Leone and Liberia.

  5. Above-average rainfall during the past month has caused flooding in Ghana. Continued heavy rains next week maintain a high risk for flooding.

World: WFP Fact sheet: Hunger & conflict – June 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, World, Yemen

CONFLICT AND HUNGER - FACTS & FIGURES

Of the more than 800 million hungry (i.e. chronically food insecure) people in the world, about 4...

World: En zone de conflit, une personne sur cinq souffre de troubles mentaux (OMS)

Source: UN News Service
Country: Bangladesh, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, World

De nouvelles données de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) publiées cette semaine dans la revue scientifique The Lancet révèlent les effets de vivre en zone de conflit sur la santé mentale.

Une personne sur cinq vit avec une forme de trouble mental, allant d'une dépression légère ou d'une anxiété à une psychose. Près d'une personne sur dix vit avec un trouble mental modéré ou grave.

Ces chiffres sont significativement plus élevés si on les compare à la prévalence de ces maladies dans la population générale. En effet, hors zones de conflit, « elles concernent une personne sur 14 », explique Alison Ruth Brunier, spécialiste de la santé mentale à l’OMS, au micro d’ONU info.

Ces personnes ont besoin d'obtenir un traitement et des soins, alors que leurs troubles nuisent souvent à leur capacité de fonctionner. L’accès aux soins n’est pas seulement une question d’amélioration de la santé mentale, il peut aussi être une question de survie.

L’étude a analysé cinq troubles qui frappent les personnes vivant dans les zones de conflit : la dépression, l’anxiété, le syndrome de stress post-traumatique, le désordre bipolaire ou la schizophrénie.

Cette étude permet d’évaluer l’étendue du problème, explique Alison Brunier. « La depression et l’anxiété semblent affecter davantage les personnes âgées et la dépression est plus courante chez les femmes que chez les hommes en zones de conflit ».

Selon les estimations de l'ONU, en 2019, près de 132 millions de personnes dans 42 pays du monde auront besoin d'une assistance humanitaire résultant d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe. Près de 69 millions de personnes dans le monde ont été déplacées de force par la violence et les conflits, le nombre le plus élevé depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. « Donc le problème est très grand », estime Mme Brunier.

Évaluer les besoins des populations est primordial

En 2019, l’OMS s’occupe de la santé mentale dans les pays et territoires dont la population est touchée par des urgences de grande ampleur dans le monde, comme au Bangladesh, en Iraq, en Jordanie, au Liban, au Nigéria, au Soudan du Sud, en Syrie, en Turquie, en Ukraine, en Cisjordanie ou encore dans la bande de Gaza.

Pour coordoonner la réponse en matière de santé mentale en situation d’urgence, que ce soit pendant un conflit ou après une catastrophe naturelle, la tâche première de l’OMS est d’identifier rapidement ce dont les gens ont besoin.

« La deuxième étape est de déterminer dès que possible les ressources qui sont déjà disponibles sur place pour aider ces personnes », explique Alison Brunier. Cela peut être des services gouvernementaux, des organisations non gouvernementales locales et des partenaires internationaux qui ont la capacité et les connaissances nécessaires pour gérer les problèmes de santé mentale, pour soutenir les personnes en situation de stress aigu et pour évaluer et soigner les troubles mentaux, des plus légers aux plus graves.

La troisième étape est d’aider à fournir la capacité de soutien lorsque ce qui existe n’est pas suffisant. Cela implique généralement une coordination avec les partenaires et un renforcement rapide des capacités des prestataires locaux.

« Cela passe par la formation de généralistes qui sont sur le terrain pour qu’ils puissent diagnostiquer des problèmes mentaux et après les soigner », explique la spécialiste en santé mentale. « Il est aussi nécessaire de renforcer les systèmes de santé pour les problèmes mentaux dans les pays en général pour que les pays soient préparés en cas de situation d’urgence ou humanitaire ».

Au cours de la dernière décennie, l’OMS a développé avec ses partenaires une série de guides pratiques pour aider à établir et à développer un soutien en matière de santé psychosociale et mentale dans les situations d'urgence. Elle a aussi adapté le «programme mhGAP», grâce auquel les agents de santé généraux sont formés à reconnaître et à fournir un soutien pour les troubles mentaux courants, afin de pouvoir être utilisés en cas d'urgence humanitaire.

Dans de nombreux pays du monde, l'ignorance concernant la santé mentale et la maladie mentale reste largement répandue. La prise en charge des soins de santé mentale pendant les conflits et d’autres situations d’urgence, dans les pays où ce soutien est limité, peut permettre d’identifier les personnes affectées. Dans de nombreux cas, ce soutien permet de dissiper les mythes sur la maladie mentale et d’aboutir à un traitement, à des soins et à une vie plus digne.

Mise en place de services de santé mentale de qualité

En Syrie, par exemple, avant le conflit, il n'existait pratiquement pas de soins de santé mentale en dehors des hôpitaux psychiatriques d'Alep et de Damas. Maintenant, cependant, grâce à la reconnaissance croissante du besoin de soutien, un appui psychosocial et en santé mentale a été introduit dans les établissements de santé primaires et secondaires, dans les centres communautaires et pour femmes, ainsi que dans les programmes scolaires.

Au Liban, la population de 4 millions d'habitants a encore augmenté d'un million ces dernières années, les réfugiés ayant franchi la frontière depuis la Syrie. Conscient de l’augmentation rapide des besoins en services de santé mentale, le gouvernement a saisi cette occasion pour renforcer ses services de santé mentale, de sorte qu’ils bénéficient désormais non seulement aux nouveaux arrivants, mais également à la population locale.

Le tsunami de 2004 au Sri Lanka et en Indonésie et le typhon de 2013 aux Philippines ont été le catalyseur de la décentralisation des soins de santé mentale au niveau communautaire, là où ils étaient le plus nécessaires. Dans la plupart des cas, l'infrastructure mise en place est restée une fois les crises passées, a expliqué Alison Brunier. Ce sont donc des systèmes de moyenne ou longue durée

Mais Alison Brunier précise que la majorité des personnes qui vivent dans des situations de de conflit n’ont pas accès aux soins de santé mentale. Donc il reste encore beaucoup à faire.

Tous les pays ont l'obligation d'investir dans la santé mentale. Mais il est particulièrement important dans les populations touchées par un conflit où le taux de problèmes de santé mentale est plus du double de celui de la population en général.

World: 100 Years of Fighting for Children – Annual report 2018

Source: Save the Children
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Rep...

World: Logistics Cluster: Global Overview – May 2019

Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
Country: Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Libya, Madagascar, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

World: IOM Washington Newsletter, April – May 2019

Source: International Organization for Migration
Country: Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, South Sudan, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World

Headlines

IOM Washington Chief Joins Expert Panel on the Venezuelan Migration Response in Colombia

On April 9, the International Republican Institute and Sayara International hosted a panel discussion on the effects of the Venezuelan migrant crisis in Colombia. IOM Washington Chief of Mission Luca Dall'Oglio IOM provided an overview of trends in the region and its response through the inter-agency coordination platform. To learn more, contact Liz Lizama.

Niger National Police breaks ground on new headquarters building

Construction of a new headquarters building for the Directorate of Territorial Surveillance began on April 17. The new headquarters is part of a project funded by the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs of the U.S. Department of State and implemented by IOM Niger to strengthen border police capabilities. Read more

Students Debate Resolutions to End Modern Slavery at Model UN Conference

More than 600 middle and high school students, educators, volunteers and guests participated in the 15th Annual Spring Model UN Conference held at the U.S. Department of State on April 26. The event hosted by Global Classrooms DC (GCDC), the flagship education programme of the UN Association of the National Capital Area (UNA-NCA), marked the culmination of a year-long partnership between UNA-NCA and USA for IOM, the nonprofit partner of the International Organization for Migration. The students discussed a number of global issues, including the migration-related topic of modern slavery.

Aid Workers Race to Prepare Bangladesh’s Rohingya Refugee Camps for Cyclone Fani

Bangladesh lies in one of the world’s most cyclone-prone regions. Extreme weather systems often form in the Bay of Bengal and head north, making landfall in northern India or coastal Bangladesh. In April, IOM responded to the threat of Cyclone Fani with cross-cutting preparedness programming, shelter strengthening, awareness raising sessions and capacity building of Mobile Medical Teams, among other activities.

Impact of Western Hemisphere Regional Migration Program Highl ighted during Costa Rica Visit

IOM recently welcomed staff from the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) Office of International Migration during a monitoring visit in Costa Rica April 29-May 3 to assess the impact of PRM-funded activities. The visit highlighted the positive change in the capacities of government authorities to manage migration effectively, collect and analyze migration data, and identify trafficking victims. To learn more, contact Rachel Sanchez.

Up the River: Aid is gradually reaching remote communities struck by Cyclone Idai

Following the landfall of Cyclone Idai in Mozambique, many remote communities were devastated. With support from partners like USAID, IOM has assisted approximately 30,000 households with various shelter and essential household items, including 35,000 tarpaulins, 13,000 blankets and 4,000 kitchen sets.

USA for IOM Contributes $50,000 to Global Assistance Fund

USA for IOM, the nonprofit partner of IOM, remains committed to support victims of trafficking and other vulnerable migrants. With support from its generous donors, USA for IOM has granted $50,000 in the past year to IOM's Global Assistance Fund. This emergency mechanism provides immediate and comprehensive protection and assistance to migrants in vulnerable conditions.
Over the past decade, USA for IOM has granted more than $7 million to IOM programs, including migrant assistance, emergency response and post-crisis recovery

IOM South Sudan partner launches new Rapid Response Fund project

Supported by USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance, IOM South Sudan manages the Rapid Response Fund (RRF) and coordinates with local organizations to swiftly implement specific emergency interventions. With the RRF, IOM partner MENTOR Initiative initiated vector disease control activities in preparation for the rainy season.

World: Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 Monthly Funding Update – May 2019

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

The Global Humanitarian Overview published on 4 December announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan. By the end of May, the requirements had reached $26.42 billion. The change in requirements since last month is mainly due to the finalization of the Sudan HRP ($1.15 billion) and a $103.7 million increase for Mozambique.

As at the end of May, 142.8 million people are estimated to be in need in 57 countries, a slight increase from last month. The plans aim to provide aid to 107.4 million people.

The Somalia Drought Response Plan was issued on 20 May following the failure of the 2019 Gu’ rains (April – June), a poor 2018 Deyr season (October – December) and abnormally hot and dry conditions during the 2019 Jilaal season (January – March) which caused widespread crop failure and accelerated decline in livestock productivity. Out of 5.4 million people expected to be acutely food insecure by July, 2.2 million will be in severe acute food insecurity conditions (IPC 3 and above), a 40 per cent increase from January this year. This situation comes two years after the prolonged 2016/2017 drought which destroyed livelihoods and displaced almost one million Somalis. A massive and successful scale up in humanitarian response averted famine in 2017/2018, but once again, Somalia requires significant financial resources to prevent a return to the precipice of 2017 and enable aid agencies to immediately extend response in areas hardest hit by the drought.
The Somalia Drought Response Plan requires $710.5 million to assist 4.5 million of the most vulnerable and food insecure people.

Although it is outside the timeframe covered by this GHO update, it should be noted that on 5 June, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocated $45 million to immediately scale up food and nutrition assistance, safe water provision, livelihoods protection, and other urgent humanitarian support to drought-affected people across parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya who are facing acute food problems following another season of failed rains. Two-thirds of the allocation ($30 million) will go to the humanitarian response in Somalia.

World: UNICEF & UNHCR Regional Meeting on the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and Application of the Comprehensive refugee response framework (CRRF) in Eastern and Southern Africa: What we have learned and what we can do better

Source: UN Children's Fund, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia

INTRODUCTION

On 16-17 April 2019, UNCEF East and Southern Africa Office (ESARO), UNHCR Regional Coordination Offices (RRCs) for the South Sudan and Burundi situations and UNHCR Regional Support Centre (RSC), organized a workshop with senior representatives from UNHCR and UNICEF from Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania and Zambia country offices, and Headquarters with the following objectives:

  1. To share good practices and identify joint priorities to operationalize the GCR and reinforce the application of the CRRF in the East and Southern Africa Region

  2. To identify ways to enhance collaboration between UNICEF and UNHCR in the context of implementing the GCR

  3. To explore opportunities to work together in advocating with governments, and in mobilizing resources for comprehensive responses and refugee inclusion The report provides a summary of the main issues discussed and recommendations. The recommendations that concern both Agencies, have been further summarized below.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Refugee children are at the core of the CRRF and GCR agendas Children have great potential to open avenues for effective advocacy towards refugee inclusion in national systems. Children are at the center of the agenda not only because of numbers -with close to 60 per cent of the refugees of the region being children, or because of the length of the displacement - which last often the equivalent of a childhood. They are because failure to invest in children and refugee communities undermines the equity and human rights base approach, will prevent the achievement of SDGs, and will avoid millions of children attaining their full potential.

Yielding results for children

The application of CRRF has already yielded tangible results for refugee and host children. This has been possible, among others, by the fact that all governments CRRF pledges and related roadmaps have prioritized sectors concerning children, including health and nutrition, education, child protection and WASH. Some of the areas where progress has been made are:

i. Inclusion of refugee children in national education and health systems. For example, 86% of refugee children in Rwanda are integrated in the national education system. Uganda costed Education Response Plan is set to include 277,293 refugee children by 2021 in the national education system.

ii. Accreditation of health and education facilities for refugees as national institutions so that can serve to refugees and host alike. For example, 72% of permanent health facilities in refugee settlements in Uganda have been nationally accredited. In Kenya, registration of schools in refugee areas as public learning institutions and allocation of Government officials is in progress.

iii. Investments in WASH infrastructure that benefit both refugees and host communities and that use national utility models, like the Itang Water scheme in Ethiopia that benefits 230,000 people from both host and refugee communities.

iv. Strengthening child protection and social welfare systems in refugee hosting areas, especially in Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda. Given that national child protection and case management systems are very incipient in these countries, both Agencies are supporting increased allocation of government social workers and building their capacities in these areas in an integrated manner.

Mission News Theme by Compete Themes.

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