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Democratic Republic of the Congo: WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 6: 04 – 10 February 2019; Data as reported by 17:00; 10 February 2019

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe


This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies
occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies
Programme is currently monitoring 60 events in the region. This week’s
edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Lassa fever in Guinea
  • Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Measles in Madagascar
  • Humanitarian crisis in Central African Republic.

For each of these events, a brief description, followed by public health
measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

A table is provided at the end of the bulletin with information on all new
and ongoing public health events currently being monitored in the region,
as well as recent events that have largely been controlled and thus closed.

Major issues and challenges include:

  • The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of
    the Congo continues to evolve in a particularly complex and challenging
    environment, characterized by a volatile security context and some
    incidents of community mistrust leading to localized violence. Katwa
    remains the main hot spot of the outbreak, while relatively high
    transmission is seen in Butembo, Oicha and Beni. Ongoing risk
    assessments to help direct the response and continued implementation
    of both proven and innovative public health measures will bring the
    outbreak to an end.

  • The measles outbreak in Madagascar remains serious as detailed
    outbreak investigations established high morbidity and mortality in
    several health districts. The ongoing response measures are being
    challenged by inadequate resources, especially funds and vaccines.
    With over 75% of the country affected, there is a need to quickly scale
    up the ongoing reactive vaccination campaigns in order to protect
    the remaining vulnerable population and bring this high-magnitude
    outbreak under control.

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