Given the events of the past couple of weeks, it’s fair to say that we are witnessing a dramatic change in the political environment in South Sudan since the spiritual retreat in the Vatican that took place on the 9th and the 10th of April 2019. As we know His Holiness Pope Francis invited the South Sudanese leaders to spend a couple of days of prayers and personal reflection for the sake of peace in the country. However, what followed seems like a paradoxical result to the pontiff’s endeavour. The optimism about the implementation of the revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) seems to have vanished rapidly among the signatories in the opposition. Uncertainty regarding the entire peace agreement spread like bushfire and dominated the political debate. In the meantime, the government and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) continued to claim progress in the implementation of the agreement contrary to the realities on the ground.