During the third quarter of 2018, dry climatic conditions have reportedly limited agricultural production across most of Central and Eastern Equatoria States. As a result, a large proportion of the population remained food insecure in spite of the end of the lean season. Moreover, worsening road conditions due to the onset of seasonal rains have led to a decrease in the availability of basic services such as healthcare and education in the hard-to-reach areas of Central and Eastern Equatoria. Finally, other areas remained inaccessible to humanitarian actors due to insecurity. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside of large towns and displacement sites.
In order to fill these information gaps and improve the humanitarian response, REACH began collecting monthly data on hard-to-reach areas in the Equatoria region from January 2017 through interviews with Key Informants (KIs). Between July and September 2018, data was collected through phone call interviews with KIs across Central and Eastern Equatoria States who had direct knowledge of the situation in hard-to-reach settlements as well as through direct in-person KI interviews in Kapoeta town, Kapoeta South County.
From July to September 2018, REACH interviewed 465 KIs that had knowledge about 439 different settlements: 191 settlements in all six counties of Central Equatoria State and 248 settlements in six out of eight counties of Eastern Equatoria State (Figure 1). Primary data collection was supplemented by interviews with humanitarian partners based in Kapoeta town. Findings were triangulated with secondary data. As settlement coverage was higher in August, figures provided in this Situation Overview are based on August data.
This Situation Overview provides a summary of displacement trends and access to food and other basic services for both internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities across Central and Eastern Equatoria States from July to September 2018. The following analysis will summarize trends for the two states overall and zoom into specific counties where REACH was able to assess over 5% of the total settlements for a given month (Map 2).