In the fourth quarter of 2018, Upper Nile State (UNS) saw localised insecurity in Nasir County and population inflows from neighbouring Sudan and Ethiopia amplified by the onset of the dry season. Insecurity and reported returns may have also perpetuated food insecurity, limited access to protected water sources and sub-standard internally displaced persons’ (IDPs’) shelter conditions. Data on needs in UNS is required to inform the humanitarian response. However, information gaps exist due to different regional dynamics and limited access throughout much of the state.
REACH has been assessing hard-to-reach areas of South Sudan since December 2015 in order to inform the response of humanitarian actors working outside formal settlement sites.
Data is collected on a monthly basis through key informant interviews from settlements across the region. To ensure information provided on settlements was current, REACH interviewed KIs who were either new arrivals from the assessed settlement or had contacted an individual from there within the last month. The REACH team consistently covered Panyikang, Malakal, Fashoda, Manyo, Ulang and Nasir counties from October to December 2018 (Map 1).
In the fourth quarter of 2018, REACH interviewed 490 key informants (KIs) from 188 settlements in six counties of UNS. This data was supplemented with thirteen focus group discussions (FGDs) conducted with new arrivals from Fashoda, Manyo, Malakal and Panyikang counties in Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) site on displacement, food security, education, nutrition and protection in their previous settlements-of-residence. Primary data was triangulated with secondary information and past REACH assessments.
This situation overview (SO) evaluates changes in observed humanitarian needs across UNS in the fourth quarter of 2018. The first section analyses displacement and population movement to and from the area, while the second section disaggregates trends on access to food and basic services, including sections on food security and livelihoods (FSL); protection; WASH and health; shelter and nonfood items (NFIs); and education.
Information is presented across two geographic zones in UNS: the western bank (Panyikang,
Malakal, Fashoda and Manyo counties) and southeastern UNS (Nasir and Ulang counties).