- Increase in returnees to the Two Areas put pressure on already stretched resources
Prices continue to increase while access to markets diminish
Despite improved food availability, communities still face a lean season
FOOD SECURITY AND AGRICULTURE
Fuel and cash shortages affect the Two Areas
Conditions on the ground in SPLM-N-controlled areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile echoes what is written in March’s key message report of FewsNet: “Despite improved food availability from the 2018/19 harvest, many households are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through September, the peak of the lean season. The atypically high need is driven by poor macroeconomic conditions, which are negatively impacting household purchasing power. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected in much of Darfur, North Kordofan, South Kordofan, southern Blue Nile, northern Kassala, and Red Sea states. During the peak of the lean season, IDPs in SPLM-N controlled areas of South Kordofan and SPLA-AW controlled areas of Jebel Marra are expected to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4)”.
These macroeconomic conditions, along with the issuing of emergency law, and troop build-up seen along certain parts of the frontlines are having an effect on the markets in the SPLM-N controlled areas. Not only are traders fewer in some areas but CU monitors report a heightened level of tension and fear among crossline communities related to the insecurity in government-controlled areas, security restrictions imposed through the emergency law which impedes on free movement and trade. Many payams in Dilling County are almost exclusively depending for food on markets in which prices are rising above seasonal norms.
The continued influx of returnees fleeing the economic hardship and insecurity in government-controlled areas has seen an increase in the month of March, especially to Tobo County and Western Kadugli where over 290 people were verified to have arrived. This will further stretch the resources of already very fragile communities in the Two Areas.