This Annual Report presents information about the South Sudan Humanitarian Fund during the
2018 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting
processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and
evolving humanitarian responses), the achievements are reported in two distinct ways:
- Information about allocations made during 2018 (shown in blue). The data describes funds
allocated through new grants in 2018, and the expected results of those allocations once the
corresponding projects are fully implemented. Since implementation of some projects will
continue beyond the end of 2018, full and final results are not available at the time of
publication of this annual report.
Information about all results reported in 2018, whether attributable to allocations made in 2018
or in prior years (shown in orange). The data is derived from all final narrative reports
submitted by partners and approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 December 2018. These
final narrative reports may pertain to projects supported by allocations in both 2017 and 2018.
This new approach to Annual Reporting means that the full extent of achievements will be
captured over time through successive Annual Reports; however the achievements noted in
any given Annual Report for any given calendar year will no longer be limited to those
attributable to the funds allocated in that same calendar year.
Numbers of people targeted and reached through funds allocated in any given calendar year
have been adjusted to minimise the potential for double counting where individuals may have
received support from different projects under more than one cluster. The methodology used
is the same as has been used for previous Annual Reports and is consistent with the
methodology used for estimating the numbers of people targeted and reached under the South
Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). However, no offsetting has been applied where the
same individual may have been supported through funds allocated in different calendar years.
Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may
differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the
exchange rate at the time of the pledge.
Key drivers of the humanitarian situation
The humanitarian situation in South Sudan remained dire. Cumulative effects of years of conflict, violence and destroyed livelihoods have left about two thirds of the population in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. At the beginning of the year the total number of
people in need was estimated at 7 million, a figure that remained broadly unchanged throughout the year with 7.1 million people estimated to be in need at the start of 2019.
While the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict went some way to reducing the scope and intensity of the conflict the country remained in the grip of a humanitarian crisis.
Efforts by humanitarian partners sustained implementation of the response, however compounding effects of conflict, inadequate basic services, destroyed livelihoods and eroded coping capacities at community and household level, driving up vulnerabilities, with the ability of affected people to meet
their basic needs severely compromised.
Limited access to basic services
Conflict and related economic decline continued to limit the Government’s ability to provide dependable basic services to the population at large. In 2018 one primary health centre
served an average of 50,000 people; just 40 per cent of nutrition treatment centers had access to safe water; only one in five births were assisted by a skilled health worker, with the maternal mortality ratio estimated at 789 per 100,000 live births; and more than 70 per cent of school-age
children were not receiving an education, with every third school damaged, destroyed, occupied or closed since the onset of the conflict in 2013 (HNO 2018).
Throughout 2018 the conflict continued to destroy homes, disrupt lives and ruin livelihoods. At year end nearly 2 million people were internally displaced, while another 2.2 million people were taking refuge in neighboring countries (2019 HNO).
Limited humanitarian access
Maintaining access to communities and households in need of humanitarian assistance and protection remained a challenge in 2018. About 1.5 million people were located in areas facing high levels of access constraints – places where armed hostilities, violence against aid workers and assets, and other access impediments made humanitarian activities severely restricted, or in some cases impossible.
Violence against humanitarian personnel and assets accounted for over half of all reported access-related incidents in 2018. 575 aid workers were relocated due to insecurity, disrupting the provision of life-saving assistance and protection services to people in need for prolonged periods. Many of the hardest to reach areas in Unity, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal had alarming rates of food insecurity, malnutrition, and sexual and gender-based violence.
Fifteen aid workers were killed in 2018, bringing the total of aid workers killed since the start of the conflict in 2013 to 112, the vast majority of them being South Sudanese. At least 117 humanitarian workers were detained for prolonged periods during 2018, the majority working for local NGOs.
In addition, operational and bureaucratic impediments hampered intermittently the smooth implementation of humanitarian activities.
Resilience of humanitarian partners
In spite of these challenges humanitarian organizations reached over 5.3 million people in 2018, including over 4.2 million people with food assistance and emergency livelihoods support; more than 2 million people with access to improved water sources; over 690,000 children with
emergency education; and nearly 4 million people with humanitarian protection services.
The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan was 68 per cent funded, with US$1.171 billion received. Clusters including Camp Coordination and Camp Management, Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items; and Health were significantly under-funded.
2018 Humanitarian Response Plan
7.0 M People in need
6.0 M People targeted
1.72 B Funding requirement