THE UNITED DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT/ARMY (UDRM/A), June 29, 2019;
OFFICIAL LAUNCHING OF THE UNITED DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT (UDRM) AND UNITED DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTIONARY ARMY (UDRA)
The leadership of the United Democratic Revolutionary Movement/Army do hereby, officially, launch the operationalization of its political and military engagement inside and outside South Sudan, with immediate effect.
Founded by South Sudanese intellectuals and Army senior Officers in 2017, the UDRM has been keeping a low profile in a beat to give peace between SPLM factions a chance. Unfortunately, the peace processes turned out to be a way of keeping the people of South Sudan hostages.
Therefore, the UDRM/A is left with no other choice but to call for a national politico-military uprising throughout South Sudan, so that genuine, sustainable and robust peace is achieved through and by all means necessary.
The young Republic of South Sudan engulfed itself in a civil war barely two years into its independence. The political crisis within the political leadership of the ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), turned violent on December 15, 2013 thereby plunging the country into the political abyss.
Consequent to events of the fateful day, the SPLM split into two factions, namely the SPLM in government [Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS)] led by Salva Kiir Mayardit and the SPLM/SPLA (in Opposition) lead by Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon.
Splits are however not unusual to the SPLM/SPLA. The Movement witnessed splits within its ranks since its inception in 1983. The first rift pitted the group of Samuel Gai Tut and Akuot Atem against Dr. John Garang and other politicians.
A more serious split in the SPLM ensued in 1991. This time, it split into SPLM Nasir Faction and SPLM Torit Faction. The key reason for the split was that the Nasir Faction led by Dr. Riek Machar, rejected the Movement’s policy (“New Sudan Vision”) of unconditional unity of the Sudan and advocated for the right of Self-Determination for South Sudanese.
The two leaders later on signed the Washington Declaration, which adopted the right of Self-Determination for the people of Southern Sudan. This right became a reality on the 9th July 2011, a day when South Sudan gained independence.
To confront and address this sad reality requires a new political ideology and organization to usher in a socio-economic paradigm shift capable of rendering rapid development through competitiveness in the production of social goods and knowledge.
- Establishment of the United Democratic Revolutionary Movement/Army (UDRM/A): A clean Break from SPLM/A
The events that begun in December 2013 and the resultant civil war epitomized a system of political practice and decay associated with gruesome atrocities, corruption, tribalism, nepotism, dictatorship, chauvinism, widespread discrimination, underdevelopment, marginalization, ethnic domination, and so on. The United Democratic Revolutionary Movement abhors such a system and makes a clean break with this past.
This manifesto therefore heralds the formation of United Democratic Revolutionary Movement, abbreviated as [UDRM].
It is a Movement spearheaded by Educated South Sudanese mostly from the United States of America, Canada, Australia and European Countries.
UDRM as a political movement shall imbue the masses with ideas of democracy and social progress to enable to lead social, economic and political processes of state and nation building in South Sudan through a good governance system that is people centered.
Central to the good system of governance, the political objective of UDRM is to establish federal system of governance in the Republic of South Sudan comprising ten federal states.
The UDRM shall foster a political ideology whereby the state plays a leading role in social and economic development of the country by investing in large industrial and infrastructural installations, directing and transforming society through indigenous programs as well as adopting those that have successfully been implemented in other parts of the world.
At the same time, the UDRM shall encourage and promote the development of the private sector.
For the UDRM, other than the pivotal establishment of a federal system, a complete break with the past must entail the following principles and objectives:
- UDRM Principles:
- Democracy, justice, freedom, equality, religious tolerance, social cohesion, peace, prosperity, harmony and inclusivity;
- Federalism and devolution of powers and resources;
- Unity of people of South Sudan, shared historical experiences and respect for diversity;
- Supremacy of the rule of Law and respect of separation of powers and roles;
- Human Rights and fundamental freedoms as stipulated in the Constitution and in regional and international instruments;
- Respect of democratic institutions and collective leadership;
- UDRM Objectives:
- Build a federal state, based on a just, democratic, secular system of governance, and popular participation of its entire people;
- Create national consciousness and common purpose through the liberation of the individual and society from all forms of political, economic and social constraints;
- Ensure inclusiveness, gender equality and combat tribalism and ethnic chauvinism;
- Promote the general wellbeing of the people of South Sudan;
- Eradicate poverty and strive to attain sustainable development;
In breaking with the past, the UDRM shall be guided by the above principles and objectives and strive to build a new socio-political and economic order that is built on the commitment to the following:
- Federalism: devolution of power and resources
UDRM shall establish a federal system of governance. It is the best way for sharing political power and wealth in South Sudan. Therefore in order to achieve social, political and economic transformation, full implementation of federalism is critical, especially the devolution of resources to the lower levels of governments. Establishment of federalism as the system of governance shall:
- Empower the national, state and local levels of government to have their own executive, legislature and judicial organs;
- Empower the states and local government to have their own local forces (police, Correctional Service, Wildlife and Civil Defense) and deliver basic services in education, health, communication, infrastructure services, etc; and
- Empower the States and local governments, through devolution of powers to exercise concurrent powers in developing natural resources such as mining, energy, oil and gas, agriculture, forestry, animal resources, fisheries and public utilities.
- Peace and Security
War and violence have stalked the people of South Sudan for centuries. The pursuit for peace is therefore not just the absence of war. In pursuing peace that is just and sustainable, it is paramount that the root causes of war must be addressed so as to create a society where everyone feels a sense of belonging without fear.
- Rights and Freedoms
It should be recalled that the heroic struggle of generations of our people was for freedom and dignity. The UDRM shall therefore ensure that human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of South Sudan and in regional and international instruments are promoted, respected, and protected.
- Justice and Equality
Justice and equality are UDRM’s guiding principles. The UDRM shall ensure that all persons are equal before the law and are entitled to equal protection of the law without discrimination as to race, ethnic origin, color, sex, language, religious creed, political opinion, birth, locality or social status.
- Foreign Policy
The foreign policy of the UDRM shall primarily be guided by policies and objectives that serve the interest of the people of South Sudan. To that end, the UDRM shall:
- Establish relations with all countries based on mutual benefit, and acquire membership in international and regional organizations such as Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), East African Community (EAC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), Africa Union (AU), Troika Countries (USA, United Kingdom, and Norway), United Nation (UN) and others;
- Dialogue and building consensus
For the UDRM therefore, the search for peace through dialogue shall be encouraged and further still promote forgiveness, reconciliation, unity of purpose and consensus building. A series of meetings shall be held at the national, regional and local conferences for these purposes. It is intended that such dialogue shall deepen the sentiments of trust and confidence within and between the elders, leaders, peoples or constituencies for the fostering and building a culture of peaceful coexistence and policy making that ensure nation and peace building.
- The Economy
From independence of then Sudan through to our deserved independence from Sudan, our economy has teetered abysmally as a result of many woes including wars, corruption, Kleptocracy, incompetence, etc. But since the country is well endowed with natural resources, it shall take a short period for South Sudan to leapfrog into a viable and sustainable economic powerhouse. In order to usher in economic prosperity, peace must first be attained. The UDRM shall then embark on a sustainable people-based development of the country, combining economic growth with poverty reduction, increasing empowerment, whilst at the same time ensuring rational utilization of natural resources, effective protection of the environment and preservation of our cultural heritage. With sustainable exploitation of our natural resources, the UDRM shall use the proceeds to develop a Strategic Economic Development Master Plan to accelerate progress in achieving a sustainable and resilient national economy including:
- The Civil Service
Civil service is the prime mover of state machinery and must be founded on efficiency, justice and equal opportunity. To date, the civil service has been bedeviled by lack of employment criteria, which has manifested in regional and ethnic segregation in labor where particular jobs became the preserve of certain socio-cultural or ethnic backgrounds. This is a deliberate policy of social division that must be rectified. Another factor necessity reforms in the civil service is the deterioration in the working environment, terms of service, politicization, nepotism, lack of transparency and employment persons without the necessary qualifications or experience. To have an effective and efficient public service sector, the UDRM shall carry out the following reforms:
The UDRM acknowledges and condemns the evil of corruption, particularly bribery and misuse of public funds to serve personal interests. This wanton behavior has led to the loss of public resources including other public property, which is an impediment to development and prosperity in society. The principle of zero tolerance to corruption shall never be a political slogan, but an actual practice and hence the UDRM shall:
- Include an anti-corruption culture through civic education against corruption in the syllabuses of all educational institutions;
- Create public awareness about the evil of corruption so that we do not accept it as a norm in our society;
- Devolve power and funds from the center to the lower tiers of government and establish special public accounts committees and effective audit offices at all levels;
- Establish contact and cooperation with international anti-corruption organizations to assist in the elimination of corruption;
- Be strict in observance of good governance, transparency and accountability at all levels of administration; and
- On conviction involving corruption by a court of law, severely punish any corrupt official.
- Family, Women and Child Welfare
Women in South Sudan constitute more than 60% of the population. They suffer many forms of discrimination in social, economic and political fields simply because they are women. Underdevelopment, poverty and a host of other negative customs and traditions further exacerbate the plight of women. Thus, the UDRM shall:
- Ensure gender equality and take all necessary positive measures for the full emancipation, development and empowerment of women;
- Assist women to take the necessary initiatives at all levels from the grassroots to the highest national level to organize themselves and establish women organizations to ensure their effective participation in society;
- Support women of the South Sudan to network internationally and actively participate in international women organizations;
- Empower women socially, economically, and politically;
- Establish a Women Enterprise Development Fund for provision of subsidized credit for women-based enterprise development; capacity building of women entrepreneurs, and women oriented enterprises and others;
- Ensure that women are protected against violence, harmful customs and traditions which undermine their dignity and status; and pursue positive development of women at all levels; and
- Design and implement programs on early childhood upbringing on the basis of social values, good citizenship, equality and strengthening the role of its institutions such as the family in ways consistent with the UN Convention on the Rights of the child.
It is said in African proverb “It Takes a Village to raise a child”, which simply translates to mean that child’s upbringing is a communal effort. The UDRM therefore believes that society has a responsibility to develop and nurture its youth to allow them to reach their full potential in order to make a meaningful contribution as individual members of society. Their resourcefulness, energy and enthusiasm must be harnessed to allow them to play their meaningful role in our country. The UDRM shall therefore:
- Promote the development of all South Sudanese youth and implement policies which will prevent the recurrence of the marginalization of our young people in the future;
- Focus programs of the socio-economic development of the youth;
- Set in place an autonomous, broad and representative structure of the youth and to coordinate and develop youth activities;
- Encourage a spirit of understanding and respect between the youth and the old, parents and children;
- Eradicate the root causes of delinquency and targeting street children, unaccompanied minors and children under difficult circumstances for social care and rehabilitation; and
- To protect the youth from negative alien cultural influences.
- Basic Social Services
Although a trickle of basic services may have been provided in towns, it has attracted many people who end up being in slums, exacerbating the already abysmal livelihoods. Thus, by providing basic services to our people and especially to the rural countryside, the UDRM shall be fulfilling its solemn promise to all the citizens. Therefore, the UDRM affirms its commitment to ensure that people stay on the land so that agriculture and agro-industry can flourish through the provision of the following basic service:
The leadership of UDRM/A is seizing this moment to appeal to all South Sudanese to wake up and challenge the SPLM factions that are masquerading themselves as the owners of South Sudan, when they are really caring less about the melancholic life they created for the people of South Sudan. The SPLM factions have created a bad peace, which is synonymous with imprisonment of entire nation under their misguided policy of divide and rule.
The leadership of the UDRM/A will announce to the public the new leadership structures, both political and military Councils in a few days times.