This report compares current humanitarian crises based on their level of humanitarian access. Affected populations in more than 40 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints. Out of 44 countries included in the report, nearly half of them are currently facing critical humanitarian access constraints, with four countries (Eritrea, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen) being considered as inaccessible. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in eight countries, and 15 face low humanitarian access constraints.
Our methodology groups 9 variables under 3 dimensions:
- Access of humanitarian actors to affected population comprised of 4 variables:
• Impediments to entry
• Restriction of movement
• Interference with activities
• Violence against personnel
- Access of people in need to humanitarian aid comprised of 2 variables:
• Denial of needs
• Restriction of population’s access to aid
- Security and physical constraints comprised of 3 variables:
• Active hostilities
• UXO and mines
• Physical constraints Each indicator is given a score from 0 to 3, and marked with an X when there is an information gap identified.
The overall access score by country is ranked according to the following scale: 0 – No constraints 1 – Accessible with low constraints 2 – Accessible with moderate constraints 3 – Accessible with high constraints 4 – Nearly inaccessible 5 – Inaccessible We are providing analytical narratives for countries scored between level 3 to 5.