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World: WFP Seasonal Monitor – East Africa: The 2019 Season, April 2019

Source: World Food Programme
Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World


  • Persistent dryness has affected most of East Africa since early 2019, leading to severe rainfall deficits that are likely to endure through the current March to May rainfall season.

  • In Somalia, conditions are worse than in the same period of 2017 and are only surpassed by the devastating drought of 2011. A poor performing previous season will compound problems affecting in particular pastoralist communities.

  • Southern and western areas of Kenya are enduring the most intense drought of at least the past 37 years. In bimodal cropping areas of Uganda and Tanzania, substantial production shortfalls will affect the first season crops. Elsewhere (unimodal Uganda, South Sudan), the start of the agricultural season is significantly delayed.

  • Conditions should remain drier than average until early May but are forecast to improve from mid May into July and possibly until September. This should improve conditions in areas where the growing season continues until later in 2019 (northern and eastern Uganda, South Sudan).

  • However, for areas of the region where rains usually end in May, there are little if any prospects for an improvement in current perspectives – crop production losses and sparse pasture and water resources for pastoralists.

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