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World: WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 49: 1 – 7 December 2018 Data as reported by 17:00; 7 December 2018

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zimbabwe

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies
occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies
Programme is currently monitoring 57 events in the region. This week’s
edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

  • Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Lassa fever in Nigeria
  • Measles in Mauritius
  • Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan.

  • For each of these events, a brief description, followed by public health
    measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

  • A table is provided at the end of the bulletin with information on all new and
    ongoing public health events currently being monitored in the region, as
    well as recent events that have largely been controlled thus closed.

Major issues and challenges include:

  • The continuous propagation of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) in North
    Kivu and Ituri provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well
    as the underlying insecurity and pockets of community resistance are
    concerning. Efforts are ongoing to intensify conventional public health
    measures that are known to be effective (such as contact tracing and
    engaging communities) and the use of new tools at hand (namely
    immunization and therapeutics). It is anticipated that the current thrust
    in efforts will turn the tide in the evolution of the outbreak.

  • Nigeria is seeing an increasing incidence of confirmed Lassa fever
    cases in the past few weeks. This trend is corresponding with the usual
    peak seasonal for Lassa fever in the country, starting from December
    to June. The recent increase should serve as an early warning and
    trigger for the authorities from relevant sectors at all levels to step up
    concrete preparedness and response measures, in order to prevent a
    repeat of the unprecedented outbreak that occurred at the beginning of
    the year.

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